Azeri

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Azeri
Azərbaycanlılar, Azərilər
آذربایجانلیلار، آذریلر
Portrait of Nasimi.jpg
Qudsi.jpg
Fuzûlî.jpg
Mfakhundov.jpg
Mammad Amin Rasulzade.jpg
Nigar Shikhlinskaya.jpg
Colonel pesian.JPG
Hamida Javanshir.jpg
Sattar khan.jpg
Natavan.jpg
Portrait photo of Nariman Narimanov taken in 1913.jpg
Mehmandarov.jpg
Üzeyir Hacıbəyov5.gif
Amo-oghli.jpg
Leyla Mammadbeyova.JPG
Javan ali.jpg
Tofik Bahramov stamp.jpg
Shahriyar.jpg
Stamps of Azerbaijan, 2007-813.jpg
Heydar Aliyev 1997.jpg
Vagit Alekperov2011.jpg
Aziza BakuJazz2007.jpg
Mir Hussein Mousavi Iranian reformist1.jpg
Sami Yusuf 2011 cropped.jpg
Zadeh-barcelona-1997@92x115.gif
Shahbanu of Iran.jpg
Ali-Daei.JPG
Googoosh on Javanan e Emrooz.JPG
Stamps of Azerbaijan, 2012-1047.jpg
Populație totală

aprox. 28–35 milioane[1][2]

Regiuni cu populație semnificativă
 Iran 15 milioane
(Encyclopædia Britannica)[3]

12,9 – 18 milioane
(CIA factbook, Knüppel, etc.)[4][5] 18 – 27 milioane
(R. Elling)[6][7] ||style="padding-left:1em;"|

 Azerbaidjan 8.172.800 [8]
 Irak 657.000 – 3.000.000
notă; numărul se referă doar la turkmenii irakieni. Este disputabil dacă sunt parte a poporului azer sau a celui turc.[9][10][11]
 Rusia 603.070 – 1.500.000 [12][13]
 Turcia 530.000 – 800.000 [13][14]
 Georgia 284.761 [15]
 Kazahstan 85.292 [16]
 Ucraina 45.176 [17]
 Uzbekistan 44.400 [18]
 Turkmenistan 33.365 [19]
 Siria 30.000 [20]
 Statele Unite 24.377 – 400.000 [21][22][23]
 Olanda 18.000 [24]
 Kirghiztan 17.823 [25]
 Germania 15.219 [26]
 Emiratele Arabe Unite 7.000 [27]
 Regatul Unit al Marii Britanii și al Irlandei de Nord 6.220 [28]
 Belarus 5.567 [29]
 Canada 4.580 [30]
 Letonia 1.657 [31]
 Austria 1.000 [32]
 Estonia 923 [33]
 Lituania 788 [34]
 Norvegia 501 [35]
 Australia 290 [36]
Bulgaria Bulgaria 41
Slovacia Slovacia 23
Ungaria Ungaria 61
Serbia Serbia 68
Religii
Predominant șiism; minoritat sunnism, Bahá'í Faith,[37][38] Zoroastrism[39] ireligiozitate,[40] creștinism[41][42]
Grupuri înrudite sau legate cultural
Popoare turcice (turci oghuz), popoare iraniene (Perși and Tat), popoare caucaziene
Muzicieni azeri
Harta răspândirii limbii azere

Azerii (în azeră Azərbaycanlılar, آذربایجانلیلار) sunt un grup etnic răspândit în special în Azerbaidjan și nordul Iranului.

Vezi și[modificare | modificare sursă]

Referințe[modificare | modificare sursă]

Commons
Wikimedia Commons conține materiale multimedia legate de Azeri
  1. ^ Azerbaijani”. Joshua Project. http://www.joshuaproject.net/people-clusters.php?peo2=126. Accesat la 24 ianuarie 2012. 
  2. ^ Sela, Avraham (2002). The Continuum Political Encyclopedia of the Middle East. Continuum. p. 197. ISBN 0-8264-1413-3. https://books.google.com/?id=YJwsAQAAIAAJ&dq=30+million+South+Azerbaijan&q=30-35. „30–35 million” 
  3. ^ Azerbaijani (people)”. Encyclopædia Britannica. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/46833/Azerbaijani. Accesat la 24 ianuarie 2012. 
  4. ^ Iran”. CIA: The World Factbook. CIA. 14 noiembrie 2011. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ir.html#People. Accesat la 04 Octoboer 2012. „16% of 77,891,220 [12.5 million]” 
  5. ^
    • Michael Knüppel, "TURKIC LANGUAGES OF PERSIA: AN OVERVIEW", Encyclopaedia Iranica [1] "Altogether, one-sixth of today’s Iranian population is turcophone or bilingual (Persian and Turkic; see Doerfer, 1969, p. 13).
    • Mehrdad Izady – Columbia University – Gulf 2000 Project – Language Map of Iran – 2012 http://gulf2000.columbia.edu/maps.shtml"
    • Swietochowski, Tadeusz; Collins, Brian C. (1999). Historical dictionary of Azerbaijan. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press. ISBN 0-8108-3550-9. "15 million (1999)"
  6. ^
    • Shaffer, Brenda (2003). Borders and Brethren: Iran and the Challenge of Azerbaijani Identity. MIT Press. pp. 221–225. ISBN 0-262-19477-5"There is considerable lack of consensus regarding the number of Azerbaijanis in Iran ...Most conventional estimates of the Azerbaijani population range between one-fifth to one-third of the general population of Iran, the majority claiming one-fourth" Azerbaijani student groups in Iran claim that there are 27 million Azerbaijanis residing in Iran."
    • Minahan, James (2002). Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations: S-Z. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 1765. ISBN 978-0-313-32384-3"Approximately (2002e) 18,500,000 Southern Azeris in Iran, concentrated in the northwestern provinces of East and West Azerbaijan. It is difficult to determine the exact number of Southern Azeris in Iran, as official statistics are not published detailing Iran's ethnic structure. Estimates of the Southern Azeri population range from as low as 12 million up to 40% of the population of Iran – that is, nearly 27 million..."
  7. ^
    • Ali Gheissari, "Contemporary Iran:Economy, Society, Politics: Economy, Society, Politics", Oxford University Press, 2 April 2009. pg 300Azeri ethnonationalist activist, however, claim that number to be 24 million, hence as high as 35 percent of the Iranian population"
    • Rasmus Christian Elling,Minorities in Iran: Nationalism and Ethnicity after Khomeini , Palgrave Macmillan, 2013. Excerpt: "The number of Azeris in Iran is heavily disputed. In 2005, Amanolahi estimated all Turkic-speaking communities in Iran to number no more than 9 million. CIA and Library of congress estimates range from 16 percent to 24 precent -- that is, 12-18 million people if we employ the latest total figure for Iran's population (77.8 million). Azeri ethnicsts, on the other hand, argue that overall number is much higher, even as much as 50 percent or more of the total population. Such inflated estimates may have influenced some Western scholars who suggest that up to 30 percent (that is, some 23 million today) Iranians are Azeris." [2]
  8. ^ Переписи населения Азербайджана 1979, 1989, 1999, 2009 годов
  9. ^ Azerbaijani, South”. Ethnologue. http://www.ethnologue.com/language/azb. Accesat la 18 martie 2015. 
  10. ^ Dabrowska, Karen; Hann, Geoff (2008), Iraq Then and Now: A Guide to the Country and Its People, Bradt Travel Guides, ISBN 1-84162-243-5
  11. ^ Phillips, David L. (2006), Losing Iraq: Inside the Postwar Reconstruction Fiasco, Basic Books, ISBN 0-465-05681-4
  12. ^ Итоги переписи”. 2010 census. Russian Federation State Statistics Service. 2012. http://www.perepis-2010.ru/results_of_the_census/tab5.xls. Accesat la 24 ianuarie 2015. 
  13. ^ a b van der Leeuw, Charles (2000). Azerbaijan: a quest for identity : a short history. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 19. ISBN 978-0-312-21903-1. https://books.google.com/books?id=sNoP1zphWf8C&pg=PA19 
  14. ^ Turkey-Peoples”. Looklex Encyclopaedia. http://looklex.com/e.o/turkey.peoples.htm. Accesat la 13 august 2013. 
  15. ^ Ethnic groups by major administrative-territorial units” (PDF). 2002 census. National Statistics Office of Georgia. http://www.geostat.ge/cms/site_images/_files/english/census/2002/03%20Ethnic%20Composition.pdf. Accesat la 17 ianuarie 2012. 
  16. ^ Population by national and/or ethnic group, sex and urban/rural residence (2009 census)”. Agency for the Statistics of the Republic of Kazakhstan. http://www.stat.kz/p_perepis/DocLib1/%D0%90%D0%BD%D0%B0%D0%BB%D0%B8%D1%82%D0%B8%D1%87%D0%B5%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B9%20%D0%BE%D1%82%D1%87%D0%B5%D1%82.%20%D0%98%D1%82%D0%BE%D0%B3%D0%B8%20%D0%9D%D0%B0%D1%86%D0%B8%D0%BE%D0%BD%D0%B0%D0%BB%D1%8C%D0%BD%D0%BE%D0%B9%20%D0%BF%D0%B5%D1%80%D0%B5%D0%BF%D0%B8%D1%81%D0%B8%20%D0%BD%D0%B0%D1%81%D0%B5%D0%BB%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%B8%D1%8F%202009%20%D0%B3%D0%BE%D0%B4%D0%B0.pdf. Accesat la 15 august 2012. 
  17. ^ About number and composition population of Ukraine by data All-Ukrainian census of the population 2001”. Ukraine Census 2001. State Statistics Committee of Ukraine. http://2001.ukrcensus.gov.ua/eng/results/general/nationality/. Accesat la 17 ianuarie 2012. 
  18. ^ The National Structure of the Republic of Uzbekistan”. Umid World. 1989. http://www.arbuz.com/Umid/Main/Uzbekistan/Population/population.html. Accesat la 17 ianuarie 2012. 
  19. ^ (în Russian)Демоскоп Weekly (493–494). 1–22 January 2012. http://demoscope.ru/weekly/ssp/sng_nac_89.php?reg=14. Accesat la 17 ianuarie 2012. 
  20. ^ Azerbaijani, South”. Ethnologue. http://www.ethnologue.com/language/AZB. Accesat la 18 martie 2015. 
  21. ^ Azerbaijani-American Council rpartners with U.S. Census Bureau”. News.Az. 28 decembrie 2009. http://www.news.az/articles/5620. Accesat la 11 iulie 2012. 
  22. ^ http://www.azeris.org/images/proclamations/May28_BrooklynNY_2011.JPG
  23. ^ Obama, recognize us – St. Louis American: Letters To The Editor”. Stlamerican.com. 9 martie 2011. http://www.stlamerican.com/reader_interaction/letters_to_the_editor/article_a906f9d6-4a8f-11e0-9d87-001cc4c03286.html. Accesat la 11 iulie 2012. 
  24. ^ The Kingdom of the Netherlands: Bilateral relations: Diaspora” (PDF). Republic of Azerbaijan Ministry of Foreign Affairs. http://mfa.gov.az/eng/downloads/bilaterial/Netherlands.pdf. Accesat la 17 ianuarie 2012. 
  25. ^ 5.01.00.03 Национальный состав населения” (în Russian) (PDF). National Statistical Committee of Kyrgyz Republic. 2011. http://www.stat.kg/stat.files/din.files/census/5010003.pdf. Accesat la 17 ianuarie 2012. 
  26. ^ Foreign population on 31.12.2006 by citizenship and selected characteristics”. Federal Statistical Office (Destatis). Există o versiune arhivată la 16 noiembrie 2010. https://web.archive.org/web/20101116074931/http://www.destatis.de/jetspeed/portal/cms/Sites/destatis/Internet/EN/Content/Statistics/Bevoelkerung/AuslaendischeBevoelkerung/Tabellen/Content100/AlterAufenthaltsdauer,property=file.xls. Accesat la 3 februarie 2012. 
  27. ^ UAE´s population – by nationality”. BQ Magazine. 12 aprilie 2015. http://www.bqdoha.com/2015/04/uae-population-by-nationality. Accesat la 13 iunie 2015. 
  28. ^ Nationality and country of birth by age, sex and qualifications Jan - Dec 2013 (Excel sheet 60Kb)”. Office for National Statistics. http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/about-ons/business-transparency/freedom-of-information/what-can-i-request/published-ad-hoc-data/labour/april-2014/nationality-and-country-of-birth-by-age--sex-and-qualifications-jan---dec-2013.xls. Accesat la 11 iunie 2014. 
  29. ^ Population Census 2009”. National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus. http://belstat.gov.by/homep/ru/perepic/2009/vihod_tables/5.8-0.pdf. Accesat la 17 aprilie 2013. 
  30. ^ Ethnic Origin (264), Single and Multiple Ethnic Origin Responses (3), Generation Status (4), Age Groups (10) and Sex (3) for the Population in Private Households”. Statistics Canada. 2011. http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/dt-td/Rp-eng.cfm?LANG=E&APATH=3&DETAIL=0&DIM=0&FL=A&FREE=0&GC=0&GID=0&GK=0&GRP=0&PID=105396&PRID=0&PTYPE=105277&S=0&SHOWALL=0&SUB=0&Temporal=2013&THEME=95&VID=0&VNAMEE=&VNAMEF=. Accesat la 13 august 2013.  In the 2011 census, 1,985 people indicated 'Azeri'/'Azerbaijani' as a single response and 2,595 as part of multiple origins.
  31. ^ Poleshchuk, Vadim (1 martie 2001). „Accession to the European Union and National Integration in Estonia and Latvia” (PDF). European Center for Minority Issues. http://www.ecmi.de/uploads/tx_lfpubdb/report_8.pdf. Accesat la 18 ianuarie 2012. „232 citizens” 
  32. ^ The Republic of Austria: Bilateral relations” (PDF). Republic of Azerbaijan Ministry of Foreign Affairs. http://mfa.gov.az/eng/downloads/bilaterial/Austria.pdf. Accesat la 18 ianuarie 2012. 
  33. ^ Population Census of 2011”. Statistics Estonia. http://pub.stat.ee/px-web.2001/I_Databas/Population_census/PHC2011/01Demographic_and_ethno_cultural_characteristics/04Ethnic_nationality_Languages_Dialects/04Ethnic_nationality_Languages_Dialects.asp. Accesat la 24 ianuarie 2015.  Select "Azerbaijani" under "Ethnic nationality".
  34. ^ Population by national and/or ethnic group, sex and urban/rural residence”. United Nations Statistics Division. http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/dyb/dybcensus/V2_table4.xls. Accesat la 17 ianuarie 2012. 
  35. ^ Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents, 1 January 2013. http://www.ssb.no/en/befolkning/statistikker/innvbef/aar/2013-04-25?fane=tabell&sort=nummer&tabell=109861. 
  36. ^ 2006 Australian Census. NB According to the 2006 census, 290 people living in Australia identified themselves as of Azeri ancestry, although the Australian-Azeri community is estimated to be larger. . Retrieved 1 April 2008.
  37. ^ http://www.bahai.az/ Azerbaidjan Bahai
  38. ^ http://az.wikipedia.org/wiki/B%C9%99hailik Azerbaidjan Bahai
  39. ^ Azerbaijan. https://books.google.com/books?id=NCez3ZuV3NoC&pg=PA79&dq=Zoroastrianism+in+Azerbaijan&hl=en&sa=X&ei=Unn3Ud7VKqzv4QT2wIHoBQ&ved=0CFoQ6AEwCQ#v=onepage&q=Zoroastrianism%20in%20Azerbaijan&f=false. Accesat la 18 martie 2015. 
  40. ^ Today.Az - Covering Azerbaijan inside and outside. http://www.today.az/news/society/50636.html. Accesat la 18 martie 2015. 
  41. ^ 5,000 Azerbaijanis adopted Christianity” (în Russian). Day.az. 7 iulie 2007. http://news.day.az/society/85160.html. Accesat la 30 ianuarie 2012. 
  42. ^ Christian Missionaries Becoming Active in Azerbaijan” (în Azerbaijani). Tehran Radio. 19 iunie 2011. http://azeri.irib.ir/tehliller/item/148029-xristian-missioner-t%C9%99riq%C9%99tl%C9%99r-ar-da-aktivl%C9%99sir?tmpl=component&print=1. Accesat la 12 august 2012.