Americani albi

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Americani albi
White American
WhiteAmerican.jpg

1: Marilyn Monroe · Ronald Reagan · Mariska Hargitay · Edgar Allan Poe · Mother Seton
2: Ben Franklin · Amelia Earhart · John F. Kennedy · Elizabeth Kortright Monroe · Samuel Alito
3: Evelyn Nesbit · Norman Rockwell · Susanna Hoffs  · Cotton Mather · Danica Patrick
4: Robert E. Lee · Greta Garbo · Eddie Vedder · Charles Lindbergh · Andy García[1]

5: Maria Mitchell · José Francisco Chaves · Mary Higgins Clark[2] · Dan Marino · Susan B. Anthony
Populație totală

245,499,216
77,6 % din populația Statelor Unite ale Americii (Estimare; 2013)[3]

Regiuni cu populație semnificativă
Statele Unite Toate regiunile Statelor Unite
Limbi vorbite
Engleză, spaniolă, germană, italiană, franceză, suedeză, portugheză, rusă, română
Religii
Predominant Protestanți, important procentaj de catolici, mormoni și atei
Grupuri înrudite sau legate cultural
Germani, englezi, irlandezi, scoțieni, italieni, francezi, polonezi, suedezi, norvegieni, ruși

Americani albi (în engleză White American) este un termen generic utilizat oficial de Biroul Recensământului Statelor Unite ale Americii, Biroul de Management, Buget și alte agenții guvernamentale pentru a desemna cetățenii americani sau rezidenți străini, descendenți ai popoarelor indigene din Europa, Orientul Mijlociu și Africa de Nord. Americanii albi sunt majoritari în patruzeci și nouă de state din cincizeci, cu Hawaii ca excepție. Districtul Columbia, care nu este un stat, are, de asemenea, o minoritate albă (38,5%). Non-spaniolii albi sunt majoritari în patruzeci și șase state, cu excepția Hawaii, New Mexico, California și Texas, după cum și în Districtul Columbia. Aceste patru state sunt „majoritar minoritare”.

Subcultură[modificare | modificare sursă]

Repartiția americanilor albi după principalele origini etnice: germani americani (17,1%), irlandezi americani (12,0%), englezi americani (9,0%), italieni americani (5,9%), francezi americani (4,0%), polonezi americani (3,0%), scoțieni americani (1,9%), olandezi americani (1,6%), norvegieni americani (1,5%) și suedezi americani (1,4%), constituie 65% din populația „albă” a Statelor Unite. Alte etnii europene sunt românii, lituanienii, letonii, iugoslavii, grecii, ungurii, portughezii, cehii, slovacii, dar și australienii și neozeelandezii. Putem adăuga la aceastǎ categorie și strămoșii spaniolilor, inclusiv Isleños din Louisiana și Hispanos din sud-vestul țării, majoritatea albilor spanioli sunt catalogați imediat ca fiind mexicani, portoricani și de origini cubaneze.

Potrivit datelor oferite de ACS din 2008, există 1,573,530 arabi americani, reprezentând 0,5% din populația americană. Cel mai mare subgrup sunt, libanezii americani cu 501,907, aproape o treime din populația arabilor americani. Peste un sfert dintre arabii americani au susținut că au două rânduri de strămoși, unii arabi, iar ceilalți non-arabi. Asirienii au fost, de asemenea, pe lista recensământului din Statele Unite ca asirieni/caldeeni/sirieni.

Românii americani potrivit recensǎmântului din 2000, erau 367,310 de americani au indicat ca primul lor strămoș este român, în timp ce 462,526 de persoane declară că au mai mulți strămoși români. Potrivit American FactFinder, în 2009 în Statele Unite erau 518,653 de români americani, preponderent în Illinois, California, Michigan, Florida, New York și Ohio.

Demografie[modificare | modificare sursă]

An
(Recensământ)
Populație  % din totalul
(populației)
 % creștere
1790 3,172,006 80.7%
1800 4,306,446 81.1% 35,7%
1810 5,862,073 81.0% 36,1%
1820 7,866,797 81.6% 34,2%
1830 10,532,060 81.9% 33,9%
1840 14,189,705 83.2% 34,7%
1850 19,553,068 84.3% 34,8%
1860 26,922,537 85.6% 37,7%
1870 33,589,377 87.1% 24,7%
1880 43,402,970 86.5% 29,2%
1890 55,101,258 87.5% 27,0%
1900 66,809,196 87.9% 21,2%
1910 81,731,957 88.9% 22,3%
1920 94,820,915 89.7% 16,0%
1930 110,286,740 89.8% 16,3%
1940 118,214,870 89.8% 7,2%
1950 134,942,028 89.5% 14,1%
1960 158,831,732 88.6% 17,7%
1970 177,748,975 87.5% 11,9%
1980 188,371,622 83.1% 6,0%
1990 199,686,070 80.3% 6,0%
2000 211,460,626 75.1% 5,9%
2010 223,553,265 72.4% 5,7%

Populația după stat (2000→2010)[modificare | modificare sursă]

Procentajul albilor în Statele Unite după stat:

      sub 50 %

      50 - 60 %

      60 - 70 %

      70 - 80 %

      80 - 90 %

      peste 90 %

Evoluția populației albe după stat (în baza recensămintelor din 2000 și 2010)[4]
Stat Pop. 2000 % 2000 Pop. 2010 % 2010 creș/desc. %
2000→10
Alabama Alabama 3,162,808 71.1% 3,275,394 68.5% +3.56%
Alaska Alaska 434,534 69.3% 473,576 66.7% +8.98%
Arizona Arizona 3,873,611 75.5% 4,667,121 73.0% +20.48%
Arkansas Arkansas 2,138,598 80.0% 2,245,229 77.0% +4.99%
California California 20,170,059 79.7% 21,453,934 74.0% +6.36%
Carolina de Nord Carolina de Nord 5,804,656 72.1% 6,528,950 68.5% +12.48%
Carolina de Sud Carolina de Sud 2,695,560 67.2% 3,060,000 66.2% +13.52%
Colorado Colorado 3,560,005 82.8% 4,089,202 81.3% +14.86%
Connecticut Connecticut 2,780,355 81.6% 2,772,410 77.6% -0.28%
Dakota de Nord Dakota de Nord 593,181 92.4% 605,449 90.0% +2.07%
Dakota de Sud Dakota de Sud 669,404 88.7% 699,392 85.9% +4.48%
Delaware Delaware 584,773 74.6% 618,617 68.9% +5.79%
Washington, D.C. Districtul Columbia 176,101 30.8% 231,471 38.5% +31.44%
Florida Florida 12,465,029 78.0% 14,109,162 75.0% +13.19%
Georgia (U.S. state) Georgia 5,327,281 65.1% 5,787,440 59.7% +8.64%
Hawaii Hawaii 294,102 24.3% 336,599 24.7% +14.45%
Idaho Idaho 1,177,304 91.0% 1,396,487 89.1% +18.62%
Illinois Illinois 9,125,471 73.5% 9,177,877 71.5% +0.57%
Indiana Indiana 5,320,022 87.5% 5,467,906 84.3% +2.78%
Iowa Iowa 2,748,640 93.9% 2,781,561 91.3% +1.20%
Kansas Kansas 2,313,944 86.1% 2,391,044 83.8% +3.33%
Kentucky Kentucky 3,640,889 90.1% 3,809,537 87.8% +4.63%
Louisiana Louisiana 2,856,161 63.9% 2,836,192 62.6% -0.70%
Maine Maine 1,236,014 96.9% 1,264,971 95.2% +2.34%
Maryland Maryland 3,391,308 64.0% 3,359,284 58.2% -0.94%
Massachusetts Massachusetts 5,367,286 84.5% 5,265,236 80.4% -1.90%
Michigan Michigan 7,966,053 80.2% 7,803,120 78.9% -2.04%
Minnesota Minnesota 4,400,282 89.4% 4,524,062 85.3% +2.81%
Mississippi Mississippi 1,746,099 61.4% 1,754,684 59.1% +0.49%
Missouri Missouri 4,748,083 84.9% 4,958,770 82.8% +4.44%
Montana Montana 817,229 90.6% 884,961 89.4% +8.29%
Nebraska Nebraska 1,533,261 89.6% 1,572,838 86.1% +2.58%
Nevada Nevada 1,501,886 75.2% 1,786,688 66.2% +18.96%
New Hampshire New Hampshire 1,186,851 96.0% 1,236,050 92.3% +4.14%
New Jersey New Jersey 6,104,705 72.6% 6,029,248 68.6% -1.23%
New Mexico New Mexico 1,214,253 66.8% 1,407,876 68.4% +15.95%
New York New York 12,893,689 67.9% 12,740,974 65.7% -1.18%
Ohio Ohio 9,645,453 85.0% 9,539,437 82.7% -1.10%
Oklahoma Oklahoma 2,628,434 76.2% 2,706,845 72.2% +2.98%
Oregon Oregon 2,961,623 86.6% 3,204,614 83.6% +8.20%
Pennsylvania Pennsylvania 10,484,203 85.4% 10,406,288 81.9% -0.74%
Rhode Island Rhode Island 891,191 85.0% 856,869 81.4% -3.85%
Tennessee Tennessee 4,563,310 80.2% 4,921,948 77.6% +7.86%
Texas Texas 14,799,505 71.0% 17,701,552 70.4% +19.61%
Utah Utah 1,992,975 89.2% 2,379,560 86.1% +19.40%
Vermont Vermont 589,208 96.8% 596,292 95.3% +1.20%
Virginia Virginia 5,120,110 72.3% 5,486,852 68.6% +7.16%
Virginia de Vest Virginia de Vest 1,718,777 95.0% 1,739,988 93.9% +1.23%
Washington (stat) Washington 4,821,823 81.8% 5,196,362 77.3% +7.77%
Wisconsin Wisconsin 4,769,857 88.9% 4,902,067 86.2% +2.77%
Wyoming Wyoming 454,670 92.1% 511,279 90.7% +12.45%
Statele Unite Statele Unite ale Americii 211,460,626 75.1% 223,553,265 72.4% +5.72%

Populația după stat (2010→2013)[modificare | modificare sursă]

Evoluția populației albe după stat (în baza datelor estimative din 2010 și 2013)[3]
Stat Pop. 2010 % 2010 Pop. 2013 % 2013 creș/desc. %
2010→13
creș/desc. (numerică)
2010→13
Alabama Alabama 3,365,425 70.3% 3,376,295 69.8% +0.32% +10,870
Alaska Alaska 485,997 68.1% 494,719 67.3% +1.79% +8,722
Arizona Arizona 5,429,851 84.7% 5,565,411 84.0% +2.49% +135,560
Arkansas Arkansas 2,346,407 80.3% 2,363,121 79.8% +0.71% +16,714
California California 27,678,983 74.1% 28,173,949 73.5% +1.79% +494,966
Carolina de Nord Carolina de Nord 6,912,472 72.3% 7,062,508 71.7% +2.17% +150,036
Carolina de Sud Carolina de Sud 3,171,229 68.4% 3,263,392 68.3% +2.90% +92,163
Colorado Colorado 4,465,053 88.4% 4,634,609 88.0% +3.80% +169,556
Connecticut Connecticut 2,952,603 82.5% 2,933,928 81.6% -0.63% -18,675
Dakota de Nord Dakota de Nord 610,242 90.5% 648,179 89.6% +6.21% +37,937
Dakota de Sud Dakota de Sud 708,005 86.7% 725,386 85.8% +2.45% +17,381
Delaware Delaware 646,441 71.8% 657,881 71.0% +1.77% +11,440
Washington, D.C. Districtul Columbia 253,564 41.9% 280,509 43.4% +10.64% +26,945
Florida Florida 14,833,841 78.7% 15,265,943 78.1% +2.91% +432,102
Georgia (U.S. state) Georgia 6,153,863 63.3% 6,240,915 62.4% +1.41% +87,052
Hawaii Hawaii 349,753 25.6% 372,841 26.5% +6.60% +23,088
Idaho Idaho 1,478,766 94.1% 1,510,243 93.7% +2.13% +31,477
Illinois Illinois 10,034,061 78.1% 10,015,344 77.7% -0.19% -18,717
Indiana Indiana 5,641,248 86.9% 5,672,753 86.3% +0.56% +31,505
Iowa Iowa 2,841,357 93.1% 2,857,316 92.4% +0.56% +15,959
Kansas Kansas 2,504,757 87.6% 2,519,904 87.1% +0.60% +15,147
Kentucky Kentucky 3,869,778 89.0% 3,888,217 88.4% +0.47% +18,439
Louisiana Louisiana 2,908,698 64.0% 2,938,226 63.5% +1.01% +29,528
Maine Maine 1,268,435 95.5% 1,264,756 95.2% -0.29% -3,679
Maryland Maryland 3,545,434 61.3% 3,585,495 60.5% +1.13% +40,061
Massachusetts Massachusetts 5,532,689 84.2% 5,570,903 83.2% +0.69% +38,214
Michigan Michigan 7,941,251 80.4% 7,921,617 80.0% -0.25% -19,634
Minnesota Minnesota 4,625,220 87.1% 4,670,097 86.1% +0.97% +44,877
Mississippi Mississippi 1,789,909 60.2% 1,788,861 59.8% -0.06% -1,048
Missouri Missouri 5,042,733 84.1% 5,059,407 83.7% +0.33% +16,674
Montana Montana 892,108 90.0% 908,671 89.5% +1.85% +16,563
Nebraska Nebraska 1,651,257 90.2% 1,675,733 89.7% +1.48% +24,476
Nevada Nevada 2,106,514 77.9% 2,139,777 76.7% +1.58% +33,263
New Hampshire New Hampshire 1,248,001 94.8% 1,247,187 94.2% -0.06% -814
New Jersey New Jersey 6,548,108 74.4% 6,534,546 73.4% -0.21% -13,562
New Mexico New Mexico 1,725,119 83.5% 1,729,711 82.9% +0.26% +4,592
New York New York 13,904,789 71.7% 13,931,689 71.2% +0.19% +26,900
Ohio Ohio 9,667,803 83.7% 9,630,034 83.2% -0.39% -37,769
Oklahoma Oklahoma 2,854,856 75.9% 2,901,689 75.3% +1.64% +46,833
Oregon Oregon 3,406,912 88.8% 3,464,243 88.1% +1.68% +57,331
Pennsylvania Pennsylvania 10,663,386 83.9% 10,629,648 83.2% -0.31% -33,738
Rhode Island Rhode Island 909,789 86.4% 900,339 85.6% -1.04% -9,450
Tennessee Tennessee 5,062,290 79.6% 5,139,359 79.1% +1.52% +77,069
Texas Texas 20,459,444 81.0% 21,240,620 80.3% +3.82% +781,176
Utah Utah 2,556,216 92.1% 2,658,182 91.6% +3.99% +101,966
Vermont Vermont 598,446 95.6% 596,755 95.2% -0.28% -1,691
Virginia Virginia 5,738,081 71.5% 5,851,796 70.8% +1.98% +113,715
Virginia de Vest Virginia de Vest 1,747,111 94.2% 1,740,103 93.8% -0.40% -7,008
Washington (stat) Washington 5,544,577 82.2% 5,659,216 81.1% +2.07% +114,639
Wisconsin Wisconsin 5,036,446 88.5% 5,057,257 88.0% +0.41% +20,811
Wyoming Wyoming 529,497 93.8% 539,936 82.6% +1.97% +10,439
Statele Unite Statele Unite ale Americii 242,238,815 78.3% 245,499,216 77.6% +1.34% +3,260,401

Populația după regiuni[modificare | modificare sursă]

Legendă
Diziuni total – 9 divizii în 50 de state (+ DC)
Regiuni total – 4 regiuni (câte 2 ori 3 divizii fiecare)
50 de state + Districtul Columbia
Divizii și regiuni așa cum sunt definite de U.S. Census Bureau
Evoluția populației albe după divizii și regiuni[3]
Stat 2013
pop.
2010
pop.
2010-
2013
schimb.
Geog.
sort
 Massachusetts 5,570,903 5,532,689 +0.69% NEng
 Connecticut 2,933,928 2,952,603 -0.63% NEng
 Maine 1,264,756 1,268,435 -0.29% NEng
 New Hampshire 1,247,187 1,248,001 -0.06% NEng
 Rhode Island 900,339 909,789 -1.04% NEng
 Vermont 596,755 598,446 -0.28% NEng
       New England 12,513,868 12,509,963 +0.03% NEast
 New York 13,931,689 13,904,789 +0.19% NEng
 Pennsylvania 10,629,648 10,663,386 -0.31% NEng
 New Jersey 6,534,546 6,548,108 -0.21% NEng
       Mid-Atlantic 31,095,883 31,116,283 -0.06% NEast
       Northeast 43,609,751 43,626,246 -0.04% USA
 Florida 15,265,943 14,833,841 +2.91% SAtl
 Carolina de Nord 7,062,508 6,912,472 +2.17% SAtl
 Georgia 6,240,915 6,153,863 +1.41% SAtl
 Virginia 5,851,796 5,738,081 +1.98% SAtl
 Maryland 3,585,495 3,545,434 +1.13% SAtl
 Carolina de Sud 3,263,392 3,171,229 +2.90% SAtl
 Virginia de Vest 1,740,103 1,747,111 -0.40% SAtl
 Delaware 657,881 646,441 +1.77% SAtl
 District of Columbia 280,509 253,564 +10.64% SAtl
       South Atlantic 43,948,542 43,002,036 +2.20% South
 Tennessee 5,139,359 5,062,290 +1.52% ESC
 Kentucky 3,888,217 3,869,778 +0.47% ESC
 Alabama 3,376,295 3,365,425 +0.32% ESC
 Mississippi 1,788,861 1,789,909 -0.06% ESC
       East South Central 14,192,732 14,087,402 +0.75% South
 Texas 21,240,620 20,459,444 +3.82% WSC
 Louisiana 2,938,226 2,908,698 +1.01% WSC
 Oklahoma 2,901,689 2,854,856 +1.64% WSC
 Arkansas 2,363,121 2,346,407 +0.71% WSC
       West South Central 29,443,656 28,569,405 +3.06% South
       South 87,584,930 85,658,843 +2.25% USA
 Illinois 10,015,344 10,034,061 -0.19% ENC
 Ohio 9,630,034 9,667,803 -0.39% ENC
 Michigan 7,921,617 7,941,251 -0.25% ENC
 Indiana 5,672,753 5,641,248 +0.56% ENC
 Wisconsin 5,057,257 5,036,446 +0.41% ENC
       East North Central 38,297,005 38,320,809 -0.06% MWest
 Missouri 5,059,407 5,042,733 +0.33% WNC
 Minnesota 4,670,097 4,625,220 +0.97% WNC
 Iowa 2,857,316 2,841,357 +0.56% WNC
 Kansas 2,519,904 2,504,757 +0.60% WNC
 Nebraska 1,675,733 1,651,257 +1.48% WNC
 Dakota de Sud 725,386 708,005 +2.45% WNC
 Dakota de Nord 648,179 610,242 +6.21% WNC
       West North Central 18,156,022 17,983,571 +0.95% MWest
       Midwest 56,453,027 56,304,380 +0.26% USA
 Arizona 5,565,411 5,429,851 +2.49% Mtn
 Colorado 4,634,609 4,465,053 +3.80% Mtn
 Utah 2,658,182 2,556,216 +3.99% Mtn
 Nevada 2,139,777 2,106,514 +1.58% Mtn
 New Mexico 1,729,711 1,725,119 +0.26% Mtn
 Idaho 1,510,243 1,478,766 +2.13% Mtn
 Montana 908,671 892,108 +1.85% Mtn
 Wyoming 539,936 529,497 +1.97% Mtn
       Mountain 19,686,540 19,182,961 +2.62% West
 California 28,173,949 27,678,983 +1.79% Pac
 Washington 5,659,216 5,544,577 +2.07% Pac
 Oregon 3,464,243 3,406,912 +1.68% Pac
 Alaska 494,719 485,997 +1.79% Pac
 Hawaii 372,841 349,753 +6.60% Pac
       Pacific 38,164,968 37,466,222 +1.86% West
       West 57,851,508 56,649,183 +2.12% USA
 50 de state și DC 245,499,216 242,238,815 +1.34%

Vezi și[modificare | modificare sursă]

Referințe[modificare | modificare sursă]

  1. ^ Hernandez, Roger (25 mai 2011). „Decline of the "White non-Hispanic" No Big Deal”. Huffington Post. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/roger-hernandez/decline-of-the-white-non_b_120579.html. 
  2. ^ Mary Higgins Clark, Kitchen Privileges, pp. 16–17.
  3. ^ a b c Annual Estimates of the Resident Population by Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin for the United States, States, and Counties: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 American FactFinder
  4. ^ 2010 Demographic Profile. Population by Race, ethnicity, sex/age

Legǎturi externe[modificare | modificare sursă]