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A doua epistolă a lui Petru

De la Wikipedia, enciclopedia liberă
Portretul Sfântului Petru, realizat de Petr Jan Brandl în anul 1724, Galeria Națională din Praga, Republica Cehă.

A doua epistolă catolică a lui Petru (sau A Doua Epistolă Sobornicească a Sfântului Apostol Petru) este o carte a Noului Testament.

Opinia critică majoritară este că a fost scrisă sub nume fals.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19] Majoritatea bibliștilor resping ideea că Petru ar fi scris ceva din Biblie.[4][5][6]

Referințe[modificare | modificare sursă]

  1. ^ Ehrman, Bart D. (). „2. Forgeries in the Name of Peter. "Petrine" Writings in the New Testament. 2 Peter.”. Forged: Writing in the Name of God—Why the Bible’s Authors Are Not Who We Think They Are (în engleză) (ed. First Edition. EPub Edition.). New York: HarperCollins e-books. p. 82. ISBN 978-0-06-207863-6. Arhivat din original la . Accesat în . 
  2. ^ The Epistles of Peter, from Catholic Resources by Felix Just, S.J.
  3. ^ Moyise, Steve (). The Old Testament in the New. A&C Black. p. 116. ISBN 978-0-567-08199-5. 
  4. ^ a b Stephen L. Harris (). Understanding the Bible. Mayfield. p. 388. ISBN 978-1-55934-083-0. Most scholars believe that 1 Peter is pseudonymous (written anonymously in the name of a well-known figure) and was produced during postapostolic times. 
  5. ^ a b Stephen L. Harris (). Understanding the Bible: a reader's guide and reference. Mayfield Pub. Co. p. 295. ISBN 978-0-87484-472-6. Virtually no authorities defend the Petrine authorship of 2 Peter, which is believed to have been written by an anonymous churchman in Rome about 150 C.E. 
  6. ^ a b Dale Martin 2009 (lecture). "24. Apocalyptic and Accommodation" pe YouTube. Yale University. Accessed 22 July 2013. Lecture 24 (transcript) Arhivat în , la Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ „Introducing the Book of 2 Peter”. The Bart Ehrman Blog. . Accesat în . 
  8. ^ „The Situation Behind the ("Forged") Book of 1 Peter”. The Bart Ehrman Blog. . Accesat în . 
  9. ^ „The So-Called First Letter of Peter”. The Bart Ehrman Blog. . Accesat în . 
  10. ^ Keener, Craig S. (). 1 Peter: A Commentary. Baker Publishing Group. p. unpaginated. ISBN 978-1-4934-2931-8. Accesat în . Here I venture to a somewhat contrarian opinion, while aware that many colleagues whom I esteem highly do not share it. 
  11. ^ Charles, Daryl; Thatcher, Tom; Longman, Tremper; Garland, David E. (). 1 and 2 Peter, 1, 2, and 3 John, Jude. The Expositor's Bible Commentary. Zondervan Academic. p. unpaginated. ISBN 978-0-310-53209-5. Accesat în . Despite the overwhelming consensus of biblical scholarship in rejecting Petrine authorship [...] 
  12. ^ Dunn, James D.G. (). Beginning from Jerusalem: Christianity in the Making, Volume 2. Eerdmans. p. unpaginated. ISBN 978-1-4674-6061-3. Accesat în . the consensus of modern scholarship is that this letter cannot cannot have been written by Peter himself 
  13. ^ Matera, Frank J. (). New Testament Theology: Exploring Diversity and Unity. Presbyterian Publishing Corporation. p. 373. ISBN 978-0-664-23044-9. Accesat în . In recent years, however, the emerging consensus is that the letter had its origin in a Petrine circle that revered the teaching and memory of Peter.2 
  14. ^ Bock, Darrell L.; Glaser, Mitch (). The People, the Land, and the Future of Israel: Israel and the Jewish People in the Plan of God. Kregel Publications. p. 136. ISBN 978-0-8254-4362-6. Accesat în . Most scholars flat out reject Petrine authorship of 2 Peter, while a goodly number doubt 1 Peter. 
  15. ^ Laine Hamilton, Stephanie (). „Peter (d. mid-60s CE)”. În Hendrix, Scott E.; Okeja, Uchenna. The World's Greatest Religious Leaders: How Religious Figures Helped Shape World History [2 volumes]. ABC-CLIO. p. 526. ISBN 978-1-4408-4138-5. Accesat în . However, authentic Petrine authorship is widely disputed, with most scholars agreeing that Peter likely did not actually write either of the letters named for him in the New Testament—especially II Peter. 
  16. ^ Holman Bible Publishers (). „1 Peter”. KJV Apologetics Study Bible (în engleză). B&H Publishing Group. p. unpaginated. ISBN 978-1-5359-3476-3. Accesat în . Almost all non-evangelical scholars claim Peter did not write the letter, and some who identify themselves as evangelicals agree. 
  17. ^ Craddock, Fred B. (). „Introduction to First Peter”. First and Second Peter, and Jude. Westminster Bible companion. Presbyterian Publishing Corporation. p. 13. ISBN 978-0-664-25265-6. Accesat în . Arguing for or against Petrine authorship has lost its importance for most students of this letter. 
  18. ^ Ehrman, Bart D. (). Forgery and Counter-forgery: The Use of Literary Deceit in Early Christian Polemics. OUP USA. p. 240. ISBN 978-0-19-992803-3. Accesat în . It is widely held today that the book was not written by Simon Peter. Boring claims that this is the general opinion among critical scholars, outside the ranks of those who disallow forgery in the New Testament on general principle.5 
  19. ^ Case, Brendan W.; Glass, William; Campbell, Douglas A. (). Least of the Apostles: Paul and His Legacies in Earliest Christianity. Pickwick Publications. p. 166. ISBN 978-1-6667-3133-0. Accesat în . Although most scholars seem to suspect that both 1 and 2 Peter are pseudonymous, 1 Peter receives more kindness from interpreters in general. 

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