Imperiul Spaniol

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Imperiul Spaniol
Imperio español
Drapelul Imperiului Spaniol Stema Imperiului Spaniol
Drapelul Imperiului Spaniol Stema Imperiului Spaniol
Imperio Español Completo.svg
Populație
Populație  
 - Recensământ 1790 60.000.000 Modificați la Wikidata
Limbi oficiale Spaniolă
Guvernare
Sistem politic monarhie Modificați la Wikidata
Religie oficială Romano-catolicism
Capitala Madrid
Economie
PIB (PPC)  
PIB (nominal)  
Monedă Real
Coduri și identificatori

Imperiul Spaniol a fost unul dintre cele mai întinse imperii din istorie și unul dintre primele imperii globale. Primul pas în crearea acestui imperiu a fost făcut în mod involuntar de către Cristofor Columb în 1492.

Imperiul spaniol în decursul istoriei sale.


Bibliografie[modificare | modificare sursă]

  • Anderson, James Maxwell (), The History of Portugal, Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood, ISBN 978-0-313-31106-2 .
  • Archer, Christon; et al. (), World History of Warfare, Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, ISBN 978-0-8032-4423-8  .
  • Brown, Jonathan; Elliott, John Huxtable (), A Palace for a King. The Buen Retiro and the Court of Philip IV, New Haven: Yale University Press, ISBN 978-0-300-02507-1 .
  • Kamen, Henry (), Empire: How Spain Became a World Power, 1492–1763, New York: HarperCollins, ISBN 0-06-093264-3 .
  • Lach, Donald F.; Van Kley, Edwin J. (), Asia in the Making of Europe, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, ISBN 978-0-226-46734-4 .
  • Lockhart, James; Schwartz, Stuart B. (), Early Latin America: A History of Colonial Spanish America and Brazil, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-0-521-29929-9 .
  • Armstrong, Edward (1902). The emperor Charles V. New York: The Macmillan Company
  • Black, Jeremy (1996). The Cambridge illustrated atlas of warfare: Renaissance to revolution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-47033-1
  • Braudel, Fernand (1972). The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Philip II, trans. Siân Reynolds. New York: Harper & Row. ISBN 0-06-090566-2
  • Fernand Braudel, The Perspective of the World (part iii of Civilization and Capitalism) 1979, translated 1985.
  • Brown, Jonathan (1998). Painting in Spain : 1500–1700. New Haven: Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-06472-1
  • Dominguez Ortiz, Antonio (1971). The golden age of Spain, 1516–1659. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-297-00405-0
  • Edwards, John (2000). The Spain of the Catholic Monarchs, 1474–1520. New York: Blackwell. ISBN 0-631-16165-1
  • Harman, Alec (1969). Late Renaissance and Baroque music. New York: Schocken Books.
  • Kamen, Henry (1998). Philip of Spain. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-07800-5
  • Kamen, Henry (2005). Spain 1469–1714. A Society of Conflict (third ed.) London and New York: Pearson Longman. ISBN 0-582-78464-6
  • Parker, Geoffrey (1997). The Thirty Years' War (second ed.). New York: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-12883-8
  • Parker, Geoffrey (1972). The Army of flanders and the Spanish road, 1567–1659; the logistics of Spanish victory and defeat in the Low Countries' Wars.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-08462-8
  • Parker, Geoffrey (1977). The Dutch revolt. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-8014-1136-X
  • Parker, Geoffrey (1978). Philip II. Boston: Little, Brown. ISBN 0-316-69080-5
  • Parker, Geoffrey (1997). The general crisis of the seventeenth century. New York: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-16518-0
  • Ramsey, John Fraser (1973) Spain: the rise of the first world power. University of Alabama Press. ISBN 0-8173-5704-1, ISBN 978-0-8173-5704-7
  • Stradling, R. A. (1988). Philip IV and the government of Spain. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-32333-9
  • Thomas, Hugh (2004). Rivers of Gold: The Rise of the Spanish Empire 1490–1522 Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 0-297-64563-3
  • Thomas, Hugh (1997). The Slave Trade; The History of the Atlantic Slave Trade 1440–1870. London: Papermac. ISBN 0-333-73147-6
  • Various (1983). Historia de la literatura espanola. Barcelona: Editorial Ariel
  • Wright, Esmond, ed. (1984). History of the World, Part II: The last five hundred years (third ed.). New York: Hamlyn Publishing. ISBN 0-517-43644-2.

Legături externe[modificare | modificare sursă]