Bangkok

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Bangkok
กรุงเทพมหานคร
—  Capitala Thailandei  —
În sens orar: Si Lom–Sathon business district, Wat Arun, Giant Swing, Victory Monument, and Wat Phra Kaeo
În sens orar: Si LomSathon business district, Wat Arun, Giant Swing, Victory Monument, and Wat Phra Kaeo
Drapel
Drapel
Coordonate: Coordonate: 13°45′N 100°28′E / 13.750°N 100.467°E / 13.750; 100.46713°45′N 100°28′E / 13.750°N 100.467°E / 13.750; 100.467

Țară Tailanda Thailanda
Regiune Thailanda Centrală
Atestat sec. XV
Fondator Regele Rama I

Guvernare
 - Guvernator Sukhumbhand Paribatra

Suprafață [1]
 - Capitala Thailandei 1568,737 km²
Altitudine 1,5 m.d.m.

Populație (2010)[2]
 - Capitala Thailandei 8.280.925 locuitori
 - Metropolitană 14.565.547

Fus orar ICT (UTC+7)
Prefix telefonic 02

Site web: www.bangkok.go.th

Localizare în Thailanda
Localizare în Thailanda

Bangkok (กรุงเทพฯ, กรุงเทพมหานคร sau Krung Thep în thailandeză) este capitala și cel mai mare oraș al Thailandei, cu o populație de 8.538.610 de locuitori. Orașul este printre cele mai populare destinații de turism din lume, statiune balneoclimaterica cu iesire la golful Thailandei, și în ultimii ani a devenit un centru economic și social care să rivalizeze Hong Kong și Singapore.

Nume[modificare | modificare sursă]

Bangkok
Bangkok

Deși cunoscut pe scurt ca Krung Thep în thailandeză, orașul are printre cele mai lungi nume din lume pentru o localitate:

กรุงเทพมหานคร อมรรัตนโกสินทร์ มหินทรายุธยามหาดิลก ภพนพรัตน์ ราชธานีบุรีรมย์ อุดมราชนิเวศน์ มหาสถาน อมรพิมาน อวตารสถิต สักกะทัตติยะ วิษณุกรรมประสิทธิ์
Krung Thep Mahanakhon Amon Rattanakosin Mahinthara Ayuthaya Mahadilok Phop Noppharat Ratchathani Burirom Udomratchaniwet Mahasathan Amon Piman Awatan Sathit Sakkathattiya Witsanukam Prasit

Clima[modificare | modificare sursă]

Date climatice pentru Bangkok Metropolis
Luna Ian Feb Mar Apr Mai Iun Iul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Anual
Maxima medie °C (°F) 32.5
(90,5)
33.3
(91,9)
34.3
(93,7)
35.4
(95,7)
34.4
(93,9)
33.6
(92,5)
33.2
(91,8)
32.9
(91,2)
32.8
(91,0)
32.6
(90,7)
32.4
(90,3)
31.7
(89,1)
33,3
(91.9)
Media zilnică °C (°F) 27.6
(81,7)
28.9
(84,0)
30.1
(86,2)
31.2
(88,2)
30.5
(86,9)
29.9
(85,8)
29.5
(85,1)
29.2
(84,6)
28.9
(84,0)
28.7
(83,7)
28.1
(82,6)
26.9
(80,4)
29.13
(84.43)
Minima medie °C (°F) 22.6
(72,7)
24.4
(75,9)
25.9
(78,6)
26.9
(80,4)
26.3
(79,3)
26.1
(79,0)
25.7
(78,3)
25.5
(77,9)
25.0
(77,0)
24.8
(76,6)
23.9
(75,0)
22.0
(71,6)
24,9
(76.8)
Minima istorică °C (°F) 9.9
(49,8)
14.0
(57,2)
15.7
(60,3)
20.0
(68,0)
21.1
(70,0)
21.1
(70,0)
21.8
(71,2)
21.8
(71,2)
21.1
(70,0)
18.3
(64,9)
15.0
(59,0)
10.5
(50,9)
9,9
(49.8)
Precipitații mm (inches) 13.3
(0.524)
20.0
(0.787)
42.1
(1.657)
91.4
(3.598)
247.7
(9.752)
157.1
(6.185)
175.1
(6.894)
219.3
(8.634)
334.3
(13.161)
292.1
(11.5)
49.5
(1.949)
6.3
(0.248)
1.648,2
(64,89)
Umiditate [%] 68 72 72 72 75 74 75 76 79 78 70 66 73
Nr. mediu de zile ploioase (≥ 1 mm) 1 3 3 6 16 16 18 20 21 17 6 1 128
Ore însorite 272.8 251.4 269.7 258.0 217.0 177.0 170.5 161.2 156.0 198.4 234.0 263.5 2.629,5
Sursa nr. 1: High/low temps, humidity (1981–2010): RID;[3] Rainy days (1961–1990): TMD[4] Rainfall (1981-2010): RID[5]
Sursa nr. 2: Pogodaiklimat.ru(High/Low Record)[6] Sunshine hours: NOAA[7][8][9]

Referințe[modificare | modificare sursă]

  1. ^ Thavisin et al. (eds) 2006, p. 24. Reproduced in Geography of Bangkok”. BMA website. http://www.bangkok.go.th/th/page/index.php?&153-Geography_of_Bangkok&l=en. Accesat la 8 septembrie 2007. 
  2. ^ Table 1 Population by sex, household type and household by type, average size of private household by region and area: 2010”. Statistic tables, NSO website. National Statistics Office. http://service.nso.go.th/nso/nso_center/project/table/files/C-pop/2553/000/00_C-pop_2553_000_010000_00100.xls. Accesat la 18 septembrie 2012. 
  3. ^ ปริมาณการใช้น้ำของพืชอ้างอิงโดยวิธีของ Penman Monteith (Reference Crop Evapotranspiration by Penman Monteith)”. Office of Water Management and Hydrology, Royal Irrigation Department. http://water.rid.go.th/hwm/cropwater/CWRdata/ETo/ETo_PenMon_2554.pdf. Accesat la 9 iunie 2014. 
  4. ^ 30 year Average (1961-1990) - BANGKOK METROPOLIS”. Thai Meteorological Department. Arhivat din original la 14 aprilie 2010. http://web.archive.org/web/20100414060908/http://www.tmd.go.th/en/province_stat.php?StationNumber=48455. Accesat la 9 iunie 2014. 
  5. ^ แผนการบริหารจัดการน้ำและการเพาะปลูกพืชฤดูแล้งในเขตชลประทาน ปี 2556/2557. http://water.rid.go.th/flood/planfile/plan57.pdf. Accesat la 10 iunie 2014. 
  6. ^ Climate of Bangkok” (în Russian). Weather and Climate (Погода и климат). http://www.pogodaiklimat.ru/climate2/48455.htm. Accesat la 8 octombrie 2014. 
  7. ^ Climate Normals for Bangkok”. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. ftp://ftp.atdd.noaa.gov/pub/GCOS/WMO-Normals/RA-II/TH/48455.TXT. Accesat la 9 iunie 2014. 
  8. ^ Thai Meteorological Department. „Extreme minimum temperature during winter season in Thailand 60-year period (1951–2010)”. TMD website. http://www.tmd.go.th/programs/uploads/tempstat/min_stat_latest_en.pdf. 
  9. ^ Thai Meteorological Department. „Extreme Maximum Temperature during Summer in Thailand 58 years period: 1951–2008”. TMD website. http://www.tmd.go.th/programs/uploads/tempstat/max_stat_latest_en.pdf. 

Bibliografie[modificare | modificare sursă]

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