Lista laureaților Premiului Wolf pentru agricultură

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Premiul Wolf pentru agricultură, conform originalului, [The] Wolf Prize in Agriculture este conferit o dată pe an de către Fundația Wolf (Wolf Foundation). Acest premiu este unul din cele șase Premii Wolf acordate de către fundație începând cu 1978.

Celelalte Premii Wolf stabilite de către fundație sunt acordate pentru arte, chimie, fizică, matematică și medicină.

Premiul Wolf pentru agricultură este câteodată considerat un fel de echivalent al Premiului Nobel pentru agricultură, conform, "Nobel Prize in Agriculture"[1].

Laureați[2][modificare | modificare sursă]

An Nume Naționalitate Motivul acordării premiului
1978 George F. Sprague Statele Unite ale Americii Statele Unite pentru cercetarile sale remarcabile pe ameliorarea genetică a porumbului pentru bunăstarea umană.
John C. Walker Statele Unite ale Americii Statele Unite pentru cercetarile sale in patologia plantelor, dezvoltarea de soiuri rezistente la boli ale plantelor alimentare majore.
1979 Jay L. Lush Statele Unite ale Americii Statele Unite for his outstanding and pioneering contributions to the application of genetics to livestock improvement;
Kenneth Blaxter Regatul Unit Regatul Unit for his fundamental contributions to the science and practice of ruminant nutrition and livestock production.
1980 Karl Maramorosch Polonia Polonia / Statele Unite ale Americii Statele Unite for his pioneering and wide-ranging studies on interactions between insects and disease agents in plants.
1981 John O. Almquist Statele Unite ale Americii Statele Unite for his significant contributions to the application of artificial insemination to livestock improvement.
Henry A. Lardy Statele Unite ale Americii Statele Unite for his pioneering research on storage and preservation of spermatozoa thus enabling artificial insemination to become a universal practice.
Glenn W. Salisbury Statele Unite ale Americii Statele Unite for his outstanding achievements in basic and applied research on artificial insemination.
1982 Wendell L. Roelofs Statele Unite ale Americii Statele Unite for his fundamental chemical and biological research on pheromones and their practical use in insect control.
1983/4 Don Kirkham
Cornelis T. de Wit
Statele Unite ale Americii Statele Unite
 Olanda
for their innovative contributions to the quantitative understanding of soil-water and other environmental interactions influencing crop growth and yield.
1984/5 Robert H. Burris Statele Unite ale Americii Statele Unite for his pioneering fundamental research on the mechanisms of biological nitrogen fixation and its application in crop production.
1986 Ralph Riley
Ernest R. Sears
Regatul Unit Regatul Unit
Statele Unite ale Americii Statele Unite
for their fundamental research in cytogenetics of wheat, providing the basis for genetic improvement of cereal grains.
1987 Theodor O. Diener Statele Unite ale Americii Statele Unite for his discovery and pioneering fundamental research on viroids and his applied work on viroid detection in crops.
1988 Charles Thibault
Ernest John Christopher Polge
Franţa Franța ;
Regatul Unit Regatul Unit
for pioneering work in reproductive physiology including cell preservation, fertilization processes, egg biology and embryo manipulations for domestic animal improvement.
1989 Peter M. Biggs
Michael Elliott
Regatul Unit Regatul Unit
Regatul Unit Regatul Unit
" ... pentru remarcabile contribuții la bazele științifice și traducerea plină de succes în practică a acestora în domeniile sănății aniumalelor și a protecției recoltelor."
1990 Jozef Stefaan Schell Belgia Belgia for his pioneering work in genetic transformation of plants, thereby opening up new horizons in basic plant science and breeding.
1991 Shang Fa Yang  Taiwan / Statele Unite ale Americii Statele Unite for his remarkable contributions to the understanding of the mechanism of biosynthesis, mode of action and applications of the plant hormone, Ethylene.
1992 No award
1993 John E. Casida Statele Unite ale Americii Statele Unite for his pioneering studies on the mode of action of insecticides, design of safer pesticides and contributions to the understanding of nerve and muscle function in insects.
1994/5 Carl B. Huffaker
Perry L. Adkisson
Statele Unite ale Americii Statele Unite
Statele Unite ale Americii Statele Unite
for their contributions to the development and implementation of environmentally beneficial integrated pest management systems for the protection of agricultural crops.
1995/6 Morris Schnitzer
Frank J. Stevenson
Canada Canada
Statele Unite ale Americii Statele Unite
for their pioneering contributions to our understanding of the chemistry of soil organic matter and its application to agriculture.
1996/7 Neal L. First Statele Unite ale Americii Statele Unite for his pioneering research in the reproductive biology of livestock.
1998 Ilan Chet
Baldur R. Stefansson
Israel Israel
Canada Canada
for their contributionsto the environmentally safe development of world agriculture through innovative approaches in breeding and bio-control.
1999 No award
2000 Gurdev S. Khush India India for his extraordinary contribution to theoretical research in plant genetics, evolution and breeding especially of rice, with regard to food production and alleviation of hunger.
2001 Roger N. Beachy
James E. Womack
Statele Unite ale Americii Statele Unite
Statele Unite ale Americii Statele Unite
for the use of recombinant DNA technology, to revolutionize plant and animal sciences, paving the way for applications to neighboring fields.
2002/3 R. Michael Roberts
Fuller W. Bazer
Regatul Unit Regatul Unit / Statele Unite ale Americii Statele Unite;
Statele Unite ale Americii Statele Unite
for discoveries of Interferon-tau and other pregnancy-associated proteins, which clarified the biological mystery of signaling between embryo and mother to maintain pregnancy, with profound effects on the efficiency of animal production systems, as well as human health and well-being.
2004 Yuan Longping
Steven D. Tanksley
uChina China
Statele Unite ale Americii Statele Unite
for innovative development of hybrid rice and discovery of the genetic basis of heterosis in this important food staple.
2005 No award
2006/7 Ronald L. Phillips
Michel A. J. Georges
Statele Unite ale Americii Statele Unite
Belgia Belgia
for groundbreaking discoveries in genetics and genomics, laying the foundations for improvements in crop and livestock breeding, and sparking important advances in plant and animal sciences.
2008 John A. Pickett
James H. Tumlinson
W. Joe Lewis
Regatul Unit Regatul Unit
Statele Unite ale Americii Statele Unite
Statele Unite ale Americii Statele Unite
for their remarkable discoveries of mechanisms governing plant-insect and plant-plant interactions. Their scientific contributions on chemical ecology have fostered the development of integrated pest management and significantly advanced agricultural sustainability.
2010 David Baulcombe Regatul Unit Regatul Unit
2011 Harris A. Lewin
James R. Cook
Statele Unite ale Americii Statele Unite
Statele Unite ale Americii Statele Unite
2013 Jared M. Diamond
Joachim Messing
Statele Unite ale Americii Statele Unite
Statele Unite ale Americii Statele Unite
Two exceptional scientists that have made complementary, seminal contributions to fundamental challenges facing agriculture, namely the domestication and effective utilization of diverse biophysical resources to develop sustainable agricultural production systems and crops and for innovations in recombinant DNA cloning that revolutionized agriculture and deciphering the genetic codes of crop plants.
2014 Jorge Dubcovsky
Leif Andersson
Statele Unite ale Americii Statele Unite
Suedia Suedia
For providing groundbreaking contributions to plant and animal sciences, respectively, by using modern technologies of genomic research.
For providing groundbreaking contributions to plant and animal sciences, respectively, by using modern technologies of genomic research.

Referințe[modificare | modificare sursă]

  1. ^ National Research Council: "National Research Initiative: A Vital Competitive Grants Program in Food, Fiber and Natural-resources Research", page 155, National Academies Press, 2000
  2. ^ Wolf Prize Recipients in Agriculture

Legături externe[modificare | modificare sursă]


Premiile Fundației Wolf - Ricardo Wolf
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