Frederik Pohl

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Frederik Pohl

Frederik George Pohl, Jr. (26 noiembrie 19192 septembrie 2013) a fost un scriitor american de literatură științifico-fantastică, editor și fan, cu o carieră de peste 70 de ani. A câștigat National Book Award în 1980 cu romanul Jem. Alte romane cunoscute sunt The Space Merchants (co-autor Cyril M. Kornbluth) și Poarta.

Între anii 1959 și 1969, Pohl a fost editorul revistelor Galaxy și if, câștigând premiul Hugo pentru aceasta din urmă trei ani la rând. Operele sale i-au adus și ele patru premii Hugo și numeroase premii Nebula. În 1993 a fost desemnat SFWA Grand Master.

În 2010, Pohl a câștigat premiul Hugo pentru "Best Fan Writer",[1] pe baza celor scrise pe blogul său, "The Way the Future Blogs".

Bibliografie[modificare | modificare sursă]

Serii[modificare | modificare sursă]

Trilogia Undersea (cu Jack Williamson)[modificare | modificare sursă]

  1. Undersea Quest (1954)
  2. Undersea Fleet (1956)
  3. Undersea City (1958)

Heechee[modificare | modificare sursă]

  1. Gateway (1977) - premiul Nebula, 1977;[2] premiile Hugo, Campbell și Locus SF, 1978 [3]
ro. Poarta - editura Pygmalion 1996 și editura Nemira 2008, traducere Mihai-Dan Pavelescu
  1. Beyond the Blue Event Horizon (1980) - nominalizat la premiile Nebula și British SF, 1980; nominalizat la premiile Hugo și Locus, 1981
ro. Dincolo de orizontul albastru - editura Nemira 2009, traducere Mihai-Dan Pavelescu
  1. Heechee Rendezvous (1984) - nominalizat la premiul Locus SF, 1985 [4]
ro. Întâlnire cu Heechee - editura Nemira 2009, traducere Mihai-Dan Pavelescu
  1. Annals of the Heechee (1987)
ro. Consemnările Heechee - editura Nemira 2013, traducere Mihnea Columbeanu
  1. The Gateway Trip (1990)
  2. The Boy Who Would Live Forever: A Novel of Gateway (2004) - nominalizat la premiul Campbell, 2005 [5]

Trilogia Eschaton[modificare | modificare sursă]

  1. The Other End of Time (1996)
  2. The Siege of Eternity (1997)
  3. The Far Shore of Time (1999)

Marte[modificare | modificare sursă]

  1. Man Plus (1976) - premiul Nebula, 1976;[6] nominalizat la premiile Hugo, Campbell și Locus, 1977[2]
ro. Proiectul Omul Plus - editura Pygmalion 2003, traducere Florin Mircea Tudor
  1. Mars Plus (1994) (cu Thomas T. Thomas)

Saga of Cuckoo (cu Jack Williamson)[modificare | modificare sursă]

  1. Farthest Star (1975)
  2. Wall Around A Star (1983)

Trilogia Starchild (cu Jack Williamson)[modificare | modificare sursă]

  1. The Reefs of Space (1964)
  2. Starchild (1965)
  3. Rogue Star (1969)

Space Merchants[modificare | modificare sursă]

  1. The Space Merchants (1953) (cu Cyril M. Kornbluth)
ro.: Neguțătorii spațiului[7]
  1. The Merchants' War (1984)
  2. Venus, Inc. (1985) - ediție antologică al celor 2 romane (publicată de SFBC)

Romane independente[modificare | modificare sursă]

ro.: Era Gladiatorilor[7]
  • Preferred Risk (1955) (cu Lester Del Rey) - publicat ca aparținând lui "Edson McCann" (când Galaxy-Simon și Schuster au considerat că nici un competitor nu era suficient de bun pentru a câștiga concursul inițiat de ei, Pohl și Del Rey au fost rugați să scrie această carte pentru locul întâi)
  • Slave Ship (1956)
  • Presidential Year (1958) (cu Cyril M. Kornbluth)
  • Wolfbane (1959) (cu Cyril M. Kornbluth)
ro.: Semnul Lupului[7]
  • Drunkard's Walk (1960)
ro.: Plimbare de bețiv[7]
  • A Plague of Pythons (1964) - apărut și cu titlul Demon in the Skull
  • The Age of the Pussyfoot (1965)
  • Jem (1979) - nominalizat la premiul Nebula, 1979;[8] nominalizat la premiile Hugo și Locus SF, 1980 [9]
  • The Cool War (1981)
  • Syzygy (1981)
  • Starburst (1982)
  • The Years of the City (1984) - premiul Campbell, 1985 [4] (o culegere de nuvele legate, dintre care două au fost publicate anterior, plus o introducere:
    • "Introduction"
    • "When New York Hit the Fan", 1984 (originală)
    • "The Greening of Bed-Stuy", 1984
    • "The Blister", 1984
    • "Second-Hand Sky", 1984 (originală)
    • "Gwenanda and the Supremes", 1984 (originală)
  • Black Star Rising (1985)
  • The Coming of the Quantum Cats (1986)
  • Terror (1986)
  • Chernobyl (1987)
  • Land's End (1988) (cu Jack Williamson)
  • The Day The Martians Came (1988) - șapte povestiri publicate anterior, plus trei noi și materialul de legătură dintre ele
  • Narabedla Ltd. (1988)
  • Homegoing (1989)
  • The World at the End of Time (1990)
  • Outnumbering the Dead (1990)
  • Stopping at Slowyear (1991)
  • The Singers of Time (1991) (cu Jack Williamson)
  • Mining the Oort (1992)
  • The Voices of Heaven (1994)
  • O Pioneer! (1998)
  • The Last Theorem (2008) (cu Arthur C. Clarke)
ro. Ultima teoremă - editura Nemira 2010
  • All the Lives He Led (2011)

Culegeri de povestiri[modificare | modificare sursă]

  • Alternating Currents (1956)
    • "Happy Birthday, Dear Jesus" (originală)
    • "The Ghost Maker", 1954
    • "Let the Ants Try", 1949
    • "Pythias", 1955
    • "The Mapmakers", 1955
    • "Rafferty’s Reasons", 1955
    • "Target One", 1955
    • "Grandy Devil", 1955
    • "The Tunnel Under the World", 1955
    • "What to Do Until the Analyst Comes [“Everybody’s Happy But Me!”]", 1956
  • The Case Against Tomorrow (1957)
    • "The Midas Plague", 1954
    • "The Census Takers", 1956
    • "The Candle Lighter", 1955
    • "The Celebrated No-Hit Inning", 1956
    • "Wapshot’s Demon", 1956
    • "My Lady Green Sleeves", 1957
  • Tomorrow Times Seven (1959)
    • "The Haunted Corpse", 1957
    • "The Middle of Nowhere", 1955
    • "The Gentle Venusian [“The Gentlest Unpeople”]", 1958
    • "The Day of the Boomer Dukes", 1956
    • "Survival Kit", 1957
    • "The Knights of Arthur", 1958
    • "To See Another Mountain", 1959
  • The Man Who Ate the World (1960)
    • "The Man Who Ate the World", 1956
    • "The Wizards of Pung's Corners", 1959
    • "The Waging of the Peace", 1959
    • "The Snowmen", 1959
    • "The Day the Icicle Works Closed", 1959
  • Turn Left At Thursday (1961)
    • "Mars by Moonlight", 1958
    • "The Richest Man in Levittown [“The Bitterest Pill”]", 1959
    • "The Seven Deadly Virtues", 1958
    • "The Martian in the Attic", 1960
    • "Third Offense", 1958 [apărută inițial sub pseudoniomul Charles Satterfield]
    • "The Hated", 1958
    • "I Plinglot, Who You?", 1959
  • The Wonder Effect (1962) (cu Cyril M. Kornbluth)
    • "Introduction"
    • "Critical Mass", 1962
    • "A Gentle Dying", 1961
    • "Nightmare with Zeppelins", 1958
    • "Best Friend", 1941 [ca S. D. Gottesman]
    • "The World of Myrion Flowers", 1961
    • "Trouble in Time", 1940 [ca S. D. Gottesman]
    • "The Engineer", 1956
    • "Mars-Tube", 1941 [ca S. D. Gottesman]
    • "The Quaker Cannon", 1961
  • The Abominable Earthman (1963)
    • "The Abominable Earthman", 1961
    • "We Never Mention Aunt Nora", 1958 [ca Paul Flehr]
    • "A Life and a Half", 1959
    • "Punch", 1961
    • "The Martian Star-Gazers", 1962
    • "Whatever Counts", 1959
    • "Three Portraits and a Prayer", 1962
  • Digits and Dastards (1966)
    • "The Children of Night", 1964
    • "The Fiend", 1964
    • "Earth Eighteen", 1964
    • "Father of the Stars", 1964
    • "The Five Hells of Orion", 1962
    • "With Redfern on Capella XII", 1965 (ca Charles Satterfield)
    • "How to Count on Your Fingers", 1956
    • "On Binary Digits and Human Habits", 1962
  • The Frederik Pohl Omnibus (1966) [republicată în 1979 ca Survival Kit, o ediție prescurtată]
    • "The Man Who Ate the World", 1956 (nu apare în Survival Kit)
    • "The Seven Deadly Virtues", 1958
    • "The Day the Icicle Works Closed", 1960 (nu apare în Survival Kit)
    • "The Knights of Arthur", 1958
    • "Mars by Moonlight", 1958
    • "The Haunted Corpse", 1957
    • "The Middle of Nowhere", 1955
    • "The Day of the Boomer Dukes", 1956
    • "The Snowmen", 1959 (nu apare în Survival Kit)
    • "The Wizards of Pung’s Corners [seria Jack Tighe]", 1958 (nu apare în Survival Kit)
    • "The Waging of the Peace [seria Jack Tighe]", 1959 (nu apare în Survival Kit)
    • "Survival Kit", 1957
    • "I Plinglot, Who You?", 1959
  • Day Million (1970)
    • "Day Million", 1966
    • "The Deadly Mission of Phineas Snodgrass", 1962
    • "The Day the Martians Came [“The Day After the Day the Martians Came”]", 1967
    • "The Schematic Man", 1969
    • "Small Lords", 1957
    • "Making Love [“Lovemaking”]", 1966
    • "Way Up Yonder", 1959 [ca Charles Satterfield]
    • "Speed Trap", 1967
    • "It’s a Young World", 1941
    • "Under Two Moons", 1965
  • The Gold at the Starbow's End (1972)
    • "The Gold at the Starbow's End", 1972
    • "Sad Solarian Screenwriter Sam", 1972
    • "Call Me Million", 1970
    • "Shaffery among the Immortals", 1972
    • "The Merchants of Venus", 1972 (în seria Heechee)
  • The Best of Frederik Pohl (1975)
    • Introduction: "A Variety of Excellence", de Lester del Rey
    • "The Tunnel Under the World", 1954
    • "Punch", 1961
    • "Three Portraits and a Prayer", 1962
    • "Day Million", 1966
    • "Happy Birthday, Dear Jesus", 1956
    • "We Never Mention Aunt Nora", 1958
    • "Father of the Stars", 1964
    • "The Day the Martians Came", 1967
    • "The Midas Plague", 1954
    • "The Snowmen", 1959
    • "How to Count on Your Fingers", 1956
    • "Grandy Devil", 1955
    • "Speed Trap", 1967
    • "The Richest Man in Levittown", 1959 (apărută inițial cu titlul "The Bitterest Pill")
    • "The Day the Icicle Works Closed", 1959
    • "The Hated", 1961
    • "The Martian in the Attic", 1960
    • "The Census Takers", 1955
    • "The Children of Night", 1964
    • Afterword: "What the Author Has to Say About All This"
  • In The Problem Pit (1976)
    • "Introduction: Science-Fiction Games", 1974
    • "In the Problem Pit", 1973
    • "Let the Ants Try", 1949
    • "To See Another Mountain", 1959
    • "The Deadly Mission of Phineas Snodgrass", 1962 (cunoscută și ca The Time Machine of Phineas Snodgrass)
    • "Golden Ages Gone Away", 1972
    • "Rafferty's Reasons", 1955
    • "I Remember a Winter", 1972
    • "The Schematic Man", 1968
    • "What to Do Until the Analyst Comes", 1955 (cunoscută și ca Everybody's Happy But Me!)
    • "Some Joys Under the Star", 1973
    • "The Man Who Ate the World", 1956
    • "SF: The Game-Playing Literature", 1971 (cunoscută și ca The Game-Playing Literature)
  • The Early Pohl (1976):
    • "Elegy for a Dead Planet: Luna", 1937 (ca Elton Andrews) [prima poezie publicată de el]
    • "The Dweller in the Ice", 1940 (ca James MacCreigh)
    • "The King's Eye", 1940 (ca James MacCreigh)
    • "It's a Young World", 1940 (ca James MacCreigh)
    • "Daughters of Eternity", 1940 (ca James MacCreigh)
    • "Earth, Farewell!", 1940 (ca James MacCreigh)
    • "Conspiracy on Callisto", 1943 (ca James MacCreigh)
    • "Highwayman of the Void", 1943 (scrisă sub numele lui Dirk Wylie)
    • "Double-Cross", 1943 (ca James MacCreigh)
  • Critical Mass (1977) (cu Cyril M. Kornbluth)
    • "Introduction" (Pohl)
    • "The Quaker Cannon", 1961
    • "Mute Inglorious Tam", 1974
    • "The World of Myrion Flowers", 1961
    • "The Gift of Garigolli", 1974
    • "A Gentle Dying", 1961
    • "A Hint of Henbane", 1961
    • "The Meeting", 1972
    • "The Engineer", 1956
    • "Nightmare with Zeppelins", 1958
    • "Critical Mass", 1962
    • "Afterword" (Pohl)
  • Survival Kit (1979) (prescurtare a ediției The Frederik Pohl Omnibus, 1966)
    • "The Seven Deadly Virtues", 1958
    • "The Knights of Arthur", 1958
    • "Mars by Moonlight", 1958
    • "The Haunted Corpse", 1957
    • "The Middle of Nowhere", 1955
    • "The Day of the Boomer Dukes", 1956
    • "Survival Kit", 1957
    • "I Plinglot, Who You?", 1959
  • Before the Universe (1980) (cu Cyril M. Kornbluth)
    • "Mars-Tube", 1941
    • "Trouble in Time", 1940
    • "Vacant World", 1940
    • "Best Friend", 1941
    • "Nova Midplane", 1940
    • "The Extrapolated Dimwit", 1942
  • Planets Three, 1982 (culegere de trei nuvele scrise sub pseudonimul James MacCreigh):
    • "Figurehead", 1951 (apărută inițila ca "The Genius Beasts" de MacCreigh)
    • "Red Moon of Danger", 1951 (apărută inițila ca "Danger Moon" de MacCreigh)
    • "Donovan Had a Dream", 1947
  • Midas World (1983)
    • "The Fire-Bringer" (originală)
    • "The Midas Plague", 1954
    • "Servant of the People", 1983
    • "The Man Who Ate the World", 1956
    • "Farmer on the Dole", 1982
    • "The Lord of the Skies", 1983
    • "The New Neighbors", 1983
  • Pohlstars (1984) [edițiile ulterioare de la Gollancz au omis ultima povestire]
    • "The Sweet, Sad Queen of the Grazing Isles" [originală]
    • "The High Test", 1983
    • "Spending a Day at the Lottery Fair", 1983
    • "Second Coming", 1983
    • "Enjoy, Enjoy", 1974
    • "Growing Up in Edge City", 1975
    • "We Purchased People", 1974
    • "Rem the Rememberer", 1974
    • "The Mother Trip", 1975
    • "A Day in the Life of Able Charlie", 1976
    • "The Way It Was", 1977
    • "The Wizard-Masters of Peng-Shi Angle (né The Wizards of Pung's Corners)", povestire originală din 1958, rescrisă în 1984.
  • BiPohl (1987) [ediție omnibus de 2 romane]
    • Drunkard's Walk
    • Age of the Pussyfoot
  • Our Best: The Best of Frederik Pohl and C.M. Kornbluth (1987) (cu Cyril M. Kornbluth)
    • "Introduction" (Pohl)
    • "The Stories of the Sixties" (Pohl)
    • "Critical Mass", 1962
    • "The World of Myrion Flowers", 1961
    • "The Engineer", 1956
    • "A Gentle Dying", 1961
    • "Nightmare with Zeppelins", 1958
    • "The Quaker Cannon", 1961
    • "The 60/40 Stories" (Pohl)
    • "Trouble in Time", 1940 [ca S. D. Gottesman]
    • "Mars-Tube", Astonishing Stories septembrie ’41 [ca S. D. Gottesman]
    • "Epilogue to The Space Merchants" (Pohl)
    • "Gravy Planet" (fragment din varianta serializată, care nu apare în carte)
    • "The Final Stories" (Pohl)
    • "Mute Inglorious Tam", 1974
    • "The Gift of Garigolli", 1974
    • "The Meeting", 1972
    • "Afterword" (Pohl)
  • Platinum Pohl (2005)
    • "Introduction" (de James Frenkel)
    • "The Merchants of Venus", 1972 (în seria Heechee)
    • "The Things That Happen", 1985
    • "The High Test", 1983
    • "My Lady Green Sleeves", 1957
    • "The Kindly Isle", 1984
    • "The Middle of Nowhere", 1955
    • "I Remember a Winter", 1972
    • "The Greening of Bed-Stuy", 1984
    • "To See Another Mountain", 1959
    • "The Mapmakers", 1955
    • "Spending a Day at the Lottery Fair", 1983
    • "The Celebrated No-Hit Inning", 1956
    • "Some Joys Under the Star", 1973
    • "Servant of the People", 1983
    • "Waiting for the Olympians", 1988
    • "Criticality", 1984
    • "Shaffery Among the Immortals", 1972
    • "The Day the Icicle Works Closed", 1960
    • "Saucery", 1986
    • "The Gold at the Starbow’s End", 1972
    • "Growing Up in Edge City", 1975
    • "The Knights of Arthur", 1958
    • "Creation Myths of the Recently Extinct", 1994
    • "The Meeting", 1972 (cu C. M. Kornbluth)
    • "Let the Ants Try", 1949
    • "Speed Trap", 1967
    • "The Day the Martians Came [“The Day After the Day the Martians Came”]", 1967
    • "Day Million", 1966
    • "The Mayor of Mare Tranq", 1996
    • "Fermi and Frost", 1985
    • "Afterword: Fifty Years and Counting"

Non-ficțiune[modificare | modificare sursă]

  • Tiberius (1960) (scris sub pseudonimul Ernst Mason)
  • Practical Politics 1972 (1971)
  • Science Fiction Studies in Film (1980) (cu Frederik Pohl IV)
  • Our Angry Earth (1991) (cu Isaac Asimov)
  • Chasing Science: Science as Spectator Sport (2000)

Autobiografie[modificare | modificare sursă]

  • The Way the Future Was (1978)

Opere despre Pohl[modificare | modificare sursă]

Note[modificare | modificare sursă]

  1. ^ Votul premiului Hugo 2010, până pe 31 iulie 2010
  2. ^ a b 1977 Award Winners & Nominees”. Worlds Without End. http://www.worldswithoutend.com/books_year_index.asp?year=1977. Accesat la 25 iulie 2009. 
  3. ^ Science Fiction & Fantasy Books by Award: 1978 Award Winners & Nominees”. Worlds Without End. http://www.worldswithoutend.com/books_year_index.asp?year=1978. Accesat la 25 iulie 2009. 
  4. ^ a b Science Fiction & Fantasy Books by Award: 1985 Award Winners & Nominees”. Worlds Without End. http://www.worldswithoutend.com/books_year_index.asp?year=1985. Accesat la 28 martie 2009. 
  5. ^ Science Fiction & Fantasy Books by Award: 2005 Award Winners & Nominees”. Worlds Without End. http://www.worldswithoutend.com/books_year_index.asp?year=2005. Accesat la 28 martie 2009. 
  6. ^ Science Fiction & Fantasy Books by Award: 1976 Award Winners & Nominees”. Worlds Without End. http://www.worldswithoutend.com/books_year_index.asp?year=1976. Accesat la 28 martie 2009. 
  7. ^ a b c d Traducerea titlului în limba română se bazează pe biografia lui Frederik Pohl realizată de Alexandru Mironov și Mihai Bădescu în antologia Povestiri ciberrobotice, Editura Științifică și Enciclopedică, 1986, pagina 118-119
  8. ^ Science Fiction & Fantasy Books by Award: 1979 Award Winners & Nominees”. Worlds Without End. http://www.worldswithoutend.com/books_year_index.asp?year=1979. Accesat la 25 iulie 2009. 
  9. ^ Science Fiction & Fantasy Books by Award: 1980 Award Winners & Nominees”. Worlds Without End. http://www.worldswithoutend.com/books_year_index.asp?year=1980. Accesat la 25 iulie 2009. 
  10. ^ Table of contents for Gateways, "More About Gateways"