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North American Soccer League

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North American Soccer League
Sport fotbal
Țară/regiune Statele Unite ale AmericiiCanada
Confederație CONCACAF
Înființat(ă) în 7 decembrie 1967; acum 56 ani, 6 luni și 24 zile (1967-12-07)[1]
Desființat(ă) în martie 28, 1985; acum 39 ani, 3 luni și 3 zile (1985-03-28)
Echipe 24
Nivelul în piramidă 1
Cupe locale U.S. Open Cup
Canadian Championship
Competiții internaționale Liga Campionilor CONCACAF
Periodicitate anuală
Participanți 24  Modificați la Wikidata
Campion Chicago Sting
Cele mai multe trofee New York Cosmos (5)
Site oficial http://www.mlssoccer.com
Pentru ediția actuală, vedeți :
North American Soccer League 1984

În diferite momente, cluburile canadiene au concurat în primul nivel al fotbalului american, fie în locul sau alături de o ligă canadiană de top. În prezent, trei cluburi canadiene concurează în Major League Soccer.

National Association Football League (1895–1921)[modificare | modificare sursă]

Year Winner Runners-up
1895 Centreville A.C. Kearny Scots
1895–96 no records exist
1896–97 Centreville A.C. Brooklyn Wanderers
1897–98 Paterson True Blues Kearny Scots
1898–99 Paterson True Blues Kearny Arlington
1906–07 West Hudson A.A. Kearny Scots
1907–08 Newark FC Paterson Rangers
1908–09 East Newark Clark A.A.
West Hudson A.A.[1]
1909–10 West Hudson A.A. Jersey A.C.
1910–11 Jersey A.C. Paterson Wilberforce
1911–12 West Hudson A.A. Paterson Wilberforce
1912–13 West Hudson A.A. Paterson True Blues
1913–14 Brooklyn F.C. West Hudson A.A.
1914–15 West Hudson A.A. Jersey A.C.
1915–16 Harrison Alley Boys Kearny Scots
1916–17 Jersey A.C. Kearny Scots
1917–18 Paterson F.C. Bethlehem Steel F.C.
1918–19 Bethlehem Steel F.C. Philadelphia Merchant Ship
1919–20 Bethlehem Steel F.C. Erie A.A.
1920–21 Bethlehem Steel F.C. New York F.C.
  • ^Note 12 – Clark and West Hudson finished tied and were declared co-champions.

American Soccer League I (1921–1933)[modificare | modificare sursă]

Liga Americană de Fotbal a fost cea mai proeminentă ligă de fotbal din Statele Unite la începutul secolului al XX-lea.[2] Unele surse moderne consideră că a fost o ligă profesionistă majoră.[3]

Year Winner (tot) Runners-up Top scorer
1921–22 Philadelphia F.C. New York F.C. Harold Brittan
1922–23 J. & P. Coats F.C. Bethlehem Steel F.C. Daniel McNiven
1923–24 Fall River F.C. Bethlehem Steel Archie Stark
1924–25 Fall River F.C. (2) Bethlehem Steel Archie Stark
1925–26 Fall River F.C. (3) New Bedford Whalers Andy Stevens
1926–27 Bethlehem Steel Boston S.C. Davey Brown
1927–28 Boston S.C. New Bedford Whalers Andy Stevens
1928–29 Fall River F.C. (4) Brooklyn Wanderers Werner Nilsen
János Nehadoma
1929 Fall River F.C. (5) Providence F.C. Bill Paterson
1930 Fall River F.C. (6) New Bedford Whalers Jerry Best
1931 New York Giants New Bedford Whalers Bob McIntyre
1932 New Bedford Whalers Hakoah All-Stars Bert Patenaude
1932–33 Fall River F.C. Pawtucket Rangers

American Soccer League II (1933–1975)[modificare | modificare sursă]

Year Winner (tot) Runners-up Top scorer MVP
1933–34 Kearny Irish (1) New York Americans Archie Stark
Razzo Carroll
not awarded
1934–35 Philadelphia German-Americans (1) New York Americans Millard Lang
1935–36 New York Americans (1) Baltimore Canton Alex Rae
1936–37 Kearny Scots (1) Brooklyn Hispano Charlie Ernst
1937–38 Kearny Scots (2) Brooklyn St. Mary's Celtic Fabri Salcedo
1938–39 Kearny Scots (3) Philadelphia German-Americans Bert Patenaude
1939–40 Kearny Scots (4) Baltimore S.C. Charlie Ernst
1940–41 Kearny Scots (5) Philadelphia German-Americans Fabri Salcedo
1941–42 Philadelphia Americans (2) Brookhattan John Nanoski
1942–43 Brooklyn Hispano (1) Brookhattan Chappie Sheppell
1943–44 Philadelphia Americans (3) Brooklyn Wanderers Tommy Marshall
1944–45 Brookhattan (1) Philadelphia Americans John Nanoski Steve Rozbora
1945–46 Baltimore Americans (1) Brooklyn Hispano Fabri Salcedo Ray McFaul
1946–47 Philadelphia Americans (4) Brooklyn Wanderers Bill Fisher Servile Mervine
1947–48 Philadelphia Americans (5) Kearny Scots Nicholas Kropfelder John O'Connell
1948–49 Philadelphia Nationals (1) New York Americans Pito Villanon John O'Connell
1949–50 Philadelphia Nationals (2) Kearny Celtic Joe Gaetjens Joe Maca
1950–51 Philadelphia Nationals (3) Kearny Celtic Nicholas Kropfelder John Donald
1951–52 Philadelphia Americans (6) Kearny Scots Dick Roberts Benny McLaughlin
1952–53 Philadelphia Nationals (4) Newark Portuguese Pito Villanon Pito Villanon
1953–54 New York Americans (2) Brookhattan Jack Calder Cyril Hannaby
1954–55 Uhrik Truckers (7) Brooklyn Hispano John Ferris John Ferris
1955–56 Uhrik Truckers (8) Elizabeth Falcons Gene Grabowski Jack Hynes
1956–57 New York Hakoah-Americans (1) Uhrik Truckers George Brown John Oliver
1957–58 New York Hakoah-Americans (2) Ukrainian Nationals Lloyd Monsen Walter Kudenko
1958–59 New York Hakoah-Americans (3) Ukrainian Nationals Pasquale Pepe Yuriy Kulishenko
1959–60 Colombo (1) New York Hakoah Mike Noha Andy Racz
1960–61 Ukrainian Nationals (1) Falcons S.C. Herman Niss Mike Noha
1961–62 Ukrainian Nationals (2) Inter-Brooklyn Italians Peter Millar Peter Millar
1962–63 Ukrainian Nationals (3) Inter S.C. Ismael Ferreyra Peter Millar
1963–64 Ukrainian Nationals (4) Boston Metros Walter Chyzowych Abbie Wolanow
1964–65 Hartford S.C (1) Newark Portuguese Herculiano Riguerdo Alberto Falak
1965–66 Roma S.C. (1) Newark Ukrainian Sitch Walter Chyzowych Walter Chyzowych
1966–67 Baltimore St. Gerards (1) Newark Ukrainian Sitch Jorge Benitez Myron Worobec
1967–68 Ukrainian Nationals (5) New York Inter Ivan Paleto Robert Waugh
1968 Washington Darts (1) Rochester Lancers Gerry Browne
1969 Washington Darts (2) Syracuse Scorpions Jim Lefkos Robert Waugh
1970 Philadelphia Ukrainians (6) Philadelphia Spartans Juan Paletta
Willie Mfum
Albert Trik
1971 New York Greeks (1) Boston Astros Charles Duccilli Bob Hatzos
1972 Cincinnati Comets (1) New York Greeks Charles Duccilli Ringo Cantillo
1973 New York Apollo (2) Cincinnati Comets Eddy Roberts Helio Barbosa
1974 Rhode Island Oceaneers (1) New York Apollo Ringo Cantillo Ringo Cantillo
1975 New York Apollo (3), Boston Astros (1) co-champions José Neto José Neto

În ciuda faptului că fiecare a primit statutul de afiliat FIFA în 1913, atât Statele Unite, cât și Canada nu au avut până de curând un sistem de fotbal consistent, cu mai multe divizii. În consecință, determinarea campionilor a fost uneori problematică. Statele Unite nu au avut o ligă cu adevărat națională de top până când United Soccer Association, aprobată de FIFA, și „haiducul” National Professional Soccer League, care avea un contract de televiziune, au fuzionat în noiembrie 1967 pentru a forma Liga de Fotbal Nord-Americană (NASL). ). NASL a considerat cele două ligi premergătoare înainte de fuziune ca parte a istoriei sale.

United Soccer Association (1967)[modificare | modificare sursă]

Year Champions Runners-up Regular season Runners-up Leading goalscorer(s) Goals
1967 Los Angeles Wolves Washington Whips Washington Whips Los Angeles Wolves Italia Roberto Boninsegna (Chicago Mustangs) 10

National Professional Soccer League (1967)[modificare | modificare sursă]

Year Champions Runners-up Regular season Runners-up Leading goalscorer(s) Goals
1967 Oakland Clippers Baltimore Bays Oakland Clippers Baltimore Bays Spania Yanko Daucik (Toronto Falcons) 20
  • Oakland a câștigat, de asemenea, Cupa Comisarului NPSL la nouă zile după ce a câștigat finala NPSL.[4]

North American Soccer League (1968–1984)[modificare | modificare sursă]

Year Champions (tot) Runners-up Reg Season (tot) Runners-up Leading goalscorer(s) Goals
1968 Atlanta Chiefs San Diego Toros San Diego Toros Oakland Clippers Polonia John Kowalik (Chicago Mustangs) 30
1969 N/A[2] N/A[3] Kansas City Spurs Atlanta Chiefs Africa de Sud Kaizer Motaung (Atlanta Chiefs) 16
1970 Rochester Lancers Washington Darts Washington Darts Atlanta Chiefs Grecia Kirk Apostolidis (Dallas Tornado) 16
1971 Dallas Tornado Atlanta Chiefs Rochester Lancers Atlanta Chiefs Statele Unite ale Americii Carlos Metidieri (Rochester Lancers) 19
1972 New York Cosmos St. Louis Stars New York Cosmos St. Louis Stars Insulele Bermude Randy Horton (New York Cosmos) 9[5]
1973 Philadelphia Atoms Dallas Tornado Dallas Tornado Philadelphia Atoms Trinidad și Tobago Warren Archibald (Miami Toros)
Statele Unite ale Americii Ilija Mitic (Dallas Tornado)
12
1974 Los Angeles Aztecs Miami Toros Los Angeles Aztecs Miami Toros Statele Unite ale Americii Paul Child (San Jose Earthquakes) 15
1975 Tampa Bay Rowdies Portland Timbers Portland Timbers Tampa Bay Rowdies Trinidad și Tobago Steve David (Miami Toros) 23
1976 Toronto Metros-Croatia Minnesota Kicks Tampa Bay Rowdies New York Cosmos Africa de Sud Derek Smethurst (Tampa Bay Rowdies) 20
1977 Cosmos (2)# Seattle Sounders Ft. Lauderdale Strikers Dallas Tornado Trinidad și Tobago Steve David (Los Angeles Aztecs) 26
1978 Cosmos (3)# Tampa Bay Rowdies Cosmos (2) Vancouver Whitecaps Italia Giorgio Chinaglia (Cosmos) 34
1979 Vancouver Whitecaps Tampa Bay Rowdies New York Cosmos (3) Houston Hurricane Italia Giorgio Chinaglia (New York Cosmos) 26
1980 New York Cosmos (4) Ft. Lauderdale Strikers New York Cosmos (4) Seattle Sounders Italia Giorgio Chinaglia (New York Cosmos) 32
1981 Chicago Sting New York Cosmos New York Cosmos (5) Chicago Sting Italia Giorgio Chinaglia (New York Cosmos) 29
1982 New York Cosmos (5) Seattle Sounders New York Cosmos (6) Seattle Sounders Argentina Ricardo Alonso (Jacksonville Tea Men) 21
1983 Tulsa Roughnecks Toronto Blizzard New York Cosmos (7) Vancouver Whitecaps Paraguay Roberto Cabanas (New York Cosmos) 25
1984 Chicago Sting (2) Toronto Blizzard Chicago Sting San Diego Sockers Iugoslavia Steve Zungul (Golden Bay Earthquakes) 20
  • ^Note 4 – Sezonul 1969 nu a prezentat play-off; titlul de ligă a fost acordat echipei cu cele mai multe puncte în sezon.
  • # New York Cosmos a renunțat la „New York” din numele sezoanelor 1977 și 1978, apoi a revenit la numele complet în sezonul 1979.’’

Major League Soccer (1996–prezent)[modificare | modificare sursă]

Year MLS Cup (Total) Runners-up Supporters' Shield (Total) Runners-up Leading goalscorer(s) Goals
1996 D.C. United Los Angeles Galaxy Tampa Bay Mutiny Los Angeles Galaxy Statele Unite ale Americii Roy Lassiter (Tampa Bay Mutiny) 27
1997 D.C. United (2) Colorado Rapids D.C. United Kansas City Wizards Bolivia Jaime Moreno (D.C. United) 16
1998 Chicago Fire D.C. United Los Angeles Galaxy D.C. United Trinidad și Tobago Stern John (Columbus Crew) 26
1999 D.C. United (3) Los Angeles Galaxy D.C. United (2) Los Angeles Galaxy Statele Unite ale Americii Jason Kreis (Dallas Burn)
Statele Unite ale Americii Roy Lassiter (D.C. United)
Trinidad și Tobago Stern John (Columbus Crew)
18
2000 Kansas City Wizards Chicago Fire Kansas City Wizards Chicago Fire Senegal Mamadou Diallo (Tampa Bay Mutiny) 26
2001 San Jose Earthquakes Los Angeles Galaxy Miami Fusion Chicago Fire Honduras Alex Pineda Chacon (Miami Fusion) 19
2002 Los Angeles Galaxy New England Revolution Los Angeles Galaxy (2) San Jose Earthquakes Guatemala Carlos Ruiz (Los Angeles Galaxy) 24
2003 San Jose Earthquakes (2) Chicago Fire Chicago Fire San Jose Earthquakes Guatemala Carlos Ruiz (Los Angeles Galaxy)
Statele Unite ale Americii Taylor Twellman (New England Revolution)
15
2004 D.C. United (4) Kansas City Wizards Columbus Crew Kansas City Wizards Statele Unite ale Americii Brian Ching (San Jose Earthquakes)
Statele Unite ale Americii Eddie Johnson (Dallas Burn)
12
2005 Los Angeles Galaxy (2) New England Revolution San Jose Earthquakes New England Revolution Statele Unite ale Americii Taylor Twellman (New England Revolution) 17
2006 Houston Dynamo New England Revolution D.C. United (3) FC Dallas Statele Unite ale Americii Jeff Cunningham (Real Salt Lake) 16
2007 Houston Dynamo (2) New England Revolution D.C. United (4) Chivas USA Brazilia Luciano Emilio (D.C. United) 20
2008 Columbus Crew New York Red Bulls Columbus Crew (2) Houston Dynamo Statele Unite ale Americii Landon Donovan (Los Angeles Galaxy) 20
2009 Real Salt Lake Los Angeles Galaxy Columbus Crew (3) Los Angeles Galaxy Statele Unite ale Americii Jeff Cunningham (FC Dallas) 17
2010 Colorado Rapids FC Dallas Los Angeles Galaxy (3) Real Salt Lake Statele Unite ale Americii Chris Wondolowski (San Jose Earthquakes) 18
2011 Los Angeles Galaxy (3) Houston Dynamo Los Angeles Galaxy (4) Seattle Sounders FC Canada Dwayne De Rosario (D.C. United)
Statele Unite ale Americii Chris Wondolowski (San Jose Earthquakes)
16
2012 Los Angeles Galaxy (4) Houston Dynamo San Jose Earthquakes (2) Sporting Kansas City Statele Unite ale Americii Chris Wondolowski (San Jose Earthquakes) 27
2013 Sporting Kansas City (2) Real Salt Lake New York Red Bulls Sporting Kansas City Brazilia Camilo (Vancouver Whitecaps FC) 22
2014 Los Angeles Galaxy (5) New England Revolution Seattle Sounders FC Los Angeles Galaxy Anglia Bradley Wright-Phillips (New York Red Bulls) 27
2015 Portland Timbers Columbus Crew SC New York Red Bulls (2) FC Dallas Italia Sebastian Giovinco (Toronto FC)
Sierra Leone Kei Kamara (Columbus Crew SC)
22
2016 Seattle Sounders FC Toronto FC FC Dallas Colorado Rapids Anglia Bradley Wright-Phillips (New York Red Bulls) 24
2017 Toronto FC Seattle Sounders FC Toronto FC New York City FC Ungaria Nemanja Nikolić (Chicago Fire) 24
2018 Atlanta United FC Portland Timbers New York Red Bulls (3) Atlanta United FC Venezuela Josef Martínez (Atlanta United FC) 31
2019 Seattle Sounders FC (2) Toronto FC Los Angeles FC New York City FC Mexic Carlos Vela (Los Angeles FC) 34
2020 Columbus Crew SC (2) Seattle Sounders FC Philadelphia Union Toronto FC Uruguay Diego Rossi (Los Angeles FC) 14
2021 New York City FC Portland Timbers New England Revolution Colorado Rapids Argentina Valentín Castellanos (New York City FC) 19
2022 Los Angeles FC Philadelphia Union Los Angeles FC (2) Philadelphia Union Germania Hany Mukhtar (Nashville SC) 23
2023 Columbus Crew (3) Los Angeles FC FC Cincinnati Orlando City SC Gabon Denis Bouanga (Los Angeles FC) 20

Referințe[modificare | modificare sursă]

  1. ^ „Another soccer war?”. Steve Holroyd. Society for American Soccer History (SASH). . Accesat în . 
  2. ^ Phillips, Brian (). „How soccer almost became a major American sport in the 1920s”. Slate Magazine. Accesat în . 
  3. ^ Desbordes, Michel (). Marketing and football : an international perspective. Taylor & Francis. p. 369. ISBN 9781136380648. 
  4. ^ Meyers, Jeff (). „Clippers Down Stars, Win Cup”. St. Louis Post-Dispatch. p. 5C. Accesat în – via newspapers.com. 
  5. ^ „The Year in American Soccer - 1972”. Arhivat din original la . Accesat în . 

Vezi și[modificare | modificare sursă]