Muzică electronică

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O tânără reproduce muzică electronică

Muzica electronică este un termen general pentru orice muzică produsă cu instrumente electronice cum ar fi sintetizatoarele sau computerele. De regulă, termenul este folosit pentru muzica ce se caracterizează printr-o sonoritate specific electronică, și mai puțin pentru cazurile unde instrumente acustice sunt simulate prin aparatură.

Genuri de muzică electronică[modificare | modificare sursă]

Vezi și[modificare | modificare sursă]

Bibliografie[modificare | modificare sursă]

  • Aitken, Stuart (), „Charanjit Singh on How He Invented Acid House … by Mistake”, The Guardian, London (10 May) 
  • Anderson, Jason (), "Slaves to the Rhythm: Kanye West Is the Latest to Pay Tribute to a Classic Drum Machine" (28 November), CBC News website, accesat în  
  • Angus, Robert (), „History of Magnetic Recording, Part One”, Audio Magazine (August): 27–33 
  • Ankeny, Jason (n.d.), "Yellow Magic Orchestra: Biography", Allmusic.com 
  • Ankeny, Jason (), "Kraftwerk: Biography", Allmusic.com .
  • Anonymous (n.d.(1)), "Inventing the Wire Recorder", Recording History: The History of Recording Technology (www.recording-history.org), accesat în 5 June 2011  Verificați datele pentru: |date= (ajutor).
  • Anonymous (n.d.(2)), „Synthpop”, Allmusic  Verificați datele pentru: |date= (ajutor). (archive on 10 March 2011)
  • Anonymous (), Liner notes to The Varese Album, Columbia Records, MG 31078 
  • Anonymous (), „Artists and Producers Strive for Inroads Overseas”, Billboard (26 May): J–14, J–31 
  • Anonymous (), „Theremin”, BBC h2g2 encyclopaedia project (2 April), accesat în  . Guide ID: A520831 (Edited).
  • Anonymous (), „1935 AEG Magnetophon Tape Recorder”, Mix: Professional Audio and Music Production (mixonline.com), accesat în  
  • Bassingthwaighte, Sarah Louise (), „Electroacoustic Music for the Flute”, DMA dissertation, Seattle: University of Washington, accesat în  
  • Bayly, Richard (1982–83), „Ussachevsky on Varèse: An Interview 24 aprilie 1979 at Goucher College”, Perspectives of New Music, 21 (no. 1 (Fall–Winter 1982) and no. 2 (Spring–Summer 1983)): 145–51, doi:10.2307/832872  Verificați datele pentru: |date= (ajutor)
  • Begault, Durand R (), 3-D Sound for Virtual Reality and Multimedia, Boston: Academic Press, 1994, ISBN 978-0-12-084735-8 . (Online reprint, NASA Ames Research Center Technical Memorandum facsimile 2000.
  • Brick, Howard (), Age of Contradiction: American Thought and Culture in the 1960s, Ithaca: Cornell University Press., ISBN 0-8014-8700-5  (Originally published: New York: Twayne, 1998)
  • Bush, John (n.d.(a)), "Tomita: Biography", Billboard.com website, accesat în 5 June 2011  Verificați datele pentru: |date= (ajutor)
  • Bush, John (n.d.(b)), "Snowflakes Are Dancing: Electronic Performances of Debussy's Tone Paintings, Isao Tomita", Allmusic.com  Verificați datele pentru: |date= (ajutor)
  • Bush, John (), "Song Review: 'Blue Monday'", Allmusic website 
  • Busoni, Ferruccio (), Sketch of a New Esthetic of Music, translated by Dr. Th. Baker and originally published in 1911 by G. Schirmer. Reprinted in Three Classics in the Aesthetic of Music: Monsieur Croche the Dilettante Hater, by Claude Debussy; Sketch of a New Esthetic of Music, by Ferruccio Busoni; Essays before a Sonata, by Charles E. Ives, New York: Dover Publications, Inc., pp. 73–102 
  • Bussy, Pascal (), Kraftwerk: Man, Machine and Music (ed. 3rd), London: SAF, ISBN 0-946719-70-5 
  • Chadabe, Joel (), Electric Sound: The Past and Promise of Electronic Music, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall 
  • Chadabe, Joel (), „Electronic Music and Life”, Organised Sound, 9 (1): 3–6 
  • Chowning, John (), „The Synthesis of Complex Audio Spectra by Means of Frequency Modulation”, Journal of the Audio Engineering Society, 21 (7): 526–34 .
  • Collins, Nick (), „Generative Music and Laptop Performance”, Contemporary Music Review, 22 (4): 67–79, doi:10.1080/0749446032000156919 .
  • Crab, Simon (), "The Hammond Novachord (1939)", 120 Years of Electronic Music website, accesat în  
  • Dobrian, Christopher (), "Current Research Projects", accesat în  .
  • Donhauser, Peter (), Elektrische Klangmaschinen, Vienna: Boehlau .
  • Doornbusch, Paul (), The Music of CSIRAC, Australia's First Computer Music, with accompanying CD recording, Australia: Common Ground Publishers, ISBN 1-86335-569-3 .
  • Eimert, Herbert (), „What Is Electronic Music?”, Die Reihe, 1 (English edition): 1–10 .
  • Eimert, Herbert (), „How Electronic Music Began”, Musical Times, 113 (1550 (April)): 347–349, doi:10.2307/954658 . (First published in German in Melos 39 (January–February 1972): 42–44.)
  • Emmerson, Simon (), The Language of Electroacoustic Music, London: Macmillan .
  • Emmerson, Simon, ed. (), Music, Electronic Media, and Culture, Aldershot (Hants.), Burlington (VT): Ashgate, ISBN 0-7546-0109-9 
  • Emmerson, Simon (), Living Electronic Music, Aldershot (Hants.), Burlington (VT): Ashgate, ISBN 0-7546-5546-6, (cloth) (pbk) 
  • Engel, Friedrich Karl (), "Walter Weber's Technical Innovation at the Reichs-Rundfunk-Gesellschaft" (PDF), Richardhess.com, accesat în  
  • Engel, Friedrich Karl; and Peter Hammar (), "A Selected History of Magnetic Recording" (PDF), further editing by Richard L. Hess, Richardhess.com, accesat în  
  • Frankenstein, Alfred (), „Space-Sound Continuum in Total Darkness”, San Francisco Chronicle (October 17)  (Excerpt exist on History of Experimental Music in Northern California)
  • Fujii, Koichi (), „Chronology of Early Electroacoustic Music in Japan: What Types of Source Materials Are Available?”, Organised Sound, 9: 63–77, doi:10.1017/S1355771804000093 
  • Gard, Stephen (), Nasty Noises: 'Error' as a Compositional Element, Sydney Conservatorium of Music, Sydney eScholarship Repository 
  • Glinsky, Albert (), Theremin: Ether Music and Espionage, Music in American Life, foreword by Robert Moog., Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, ISBN 0-252-02582-2 
  • Gluck, Robert J (), „Fifty Years of Electronic Music in Israel”, Organised Sound, 10 (2): 163–80, doi:10.1017/S1355771805000798 .
  • Griffiths, Paul (), Modern Music and After: Directions Since 1945, Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-816578-1, (cloth) (pbk) 
  • Hammar, Peter (), „John T. Mullin: The Man Who Put Bing Crosby on Tape”, Mix Online (1 October), accesat în  
  • Harris, Craig (n.d.), Tom Dissevelt: Biography, Allmusic.com 
  • Hertelendy, Paul (), Spatial Sound's Longest Running One-Man Show (Dec.7,2008), artssf.com, accesat în  
  • Holmes, Thomas B (), Electronic and Experimental Music: Pioneers in Technology and Composition (ed. Second), London: Routledge Music/Songbooks, ISBN 0-415-93643-8, (cloth) (pbk) 
  • Holmes, Thom (), Electronic and Experimental Music: Technology, Music, and Culture (ed. third), London and New York: Routledge, ISBN 0-415-95781-8, (cloth); (pbk); ISBN 0-203-92959-4 (ebook) .
  • Johnson, Steven (), The New York Schools of Music and Visual Arts: John Cage, Morton Feldman, New York: Routledge, ISBN 0-415-93694-2 
  • Krause, Manfred (), „AES Convention 112 (April)”, The Legendary 'Magnetophon' of AEG, Audio Engineering Society E-Library., paper number 5605.  Abstract.
  • Kurtz, Michael (), Stockhausen: A Biography, translated by Richard Toop., London: Faber and Faber, ISBN 0-571-14323-7 
  • Jenkins, Mark (), Analog Synthesizers: Understanding, Performing, Buying: From the Legacy of Moog to Software Synthesis, Amsterdam: Elsevier, ISBN 978-0-240-52072-8 .
  • Lebrecht, Norman (), The Companion to 20th-Century Music, Da Capo Press., ISBN 0-306-80734-3, (pbk) 
  • Loy, Gareth (), „About Audium - A Conversation with Stanley Shaff”, Computer Music Journal, 9 (2 (Summer)): 41–48, doi:10.2307/3679656 .
  • Luening, Otto (), „Some Random Remarks About Electronic Music”, Journal of Music Theory, 8 (1 (Spring)): 89–98, doi:10.2307/842974 .
  • Luening, Otto (), „An Unfinished History of Electronic Music”, Music Educators Journal, 55 (3 (November)): 42–49, 135–42, 145, doi:10.2307/3392376 .
  • Maginnis, Tom (n.d.), [Muzică electronică la AllMusic. Accesat la 30 December 2011. The Man Who Dies Every Day: Ultravox: Song Review] Verificați valoarea |url= (ajutor), Allmusic.com . (archive at webcitation.org)
  • Mattis, Olivia (), „Mathews, Max V(ernon)”, The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, edited by Stanley Sadie and John Tyrell, London: Macmillan .
  • Montanaro, Larisa Katherine (), „A Singer's Guide to Performing Works for Voice and Electronics” (PDF), DMA thesis, Austin: The University of Texas at Austin .
  • Morawska-Büngeler, Marietta (), Schwingende Elektronen: Eine Dokumentation über das Studio für Elektronische Musik des Westdeutschen Rundfunk in Köln 1951–1986, Cologne-Rodenkirchen: P. J. Tonger Musikverlag .
  • Norman, Katharine (), Sounding Art: Eight Literary Excursions through Electronic Music, Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd, ISBN 0-7546-0426-8 
  • Orton, Richard; and Hugh Davies (n.d.), „Ondes martenot”, Grove Music Online, Oxford Music Online (Subscription access), accesat în  .
  • Ozab, David (), Beyond the Barline: One Down, Two to Go (May), ATPM (About This Particular Macintosh) website, accesat în  
  • Peyser, Joan (), The Music of My Time, White Plains, N.Y.: Pro/AM Music Resources Inc.; London: Kahn and Averill, ISBN 9780912483993 
  • Rappaport, Scott (), „Digital Arts and New Media Grad Students Collaborate Musically across Three Time Zones”, UC Santa Cruz Currents Online (2 April) .
  • Reid, Gordon (), „The History Of Roland Part 1: 1930–1978”, Sound on Sound (November), accesat în  
  • Rhea, Tom (), „The RCA Synthesizer & Its Synthesists”, Contemporary Keyboard, GPI Publications, 6 (10 (October)), pp. 64ff, accesat în  Format:Full
  • Roads, Curtis (), The Computer Music Tutorial, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, ISBN 0-262-18158-4, (cloth) (pbk) 
  • Rosen, Jody (), „Researchers Play Tune Recorded before Edison”, New York Times (27 March) .
  • Russ, Martin (), Sound Synthesis and Sampling (ed. third), Amsterdam and Boston: Elsevier; Oxford and Burlington: Focal, ISBN 0-240-52105-6 .
  • Russcol, Herbert (), The Liberation of Sound: An Introduction to Electronic Music, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall .
  • Russolo, Luigi (), „L'arte dei rumori: manifesto futurista”, Manifesti del movimento futurista 14, Milano: Direzione del movimento futurista . English version as „The Art of Noise: Futurist Manifesto 1913”, A Great Bear Pamphlet 18 (1967), translated by Robert Filliou, New York: Something Else Press . Second English version as „The Art of Noises”, Monographs in Musicology no. 6 (1986), translated from the Italian with an introduction by Barclay Brown, New York: Pendragon Press, ISBN 0-918728-57-6 .
  • Scaruffi, Piero (), A History of Rock Music 1951–2000, New York: iUniverse, ISBN 0-595-29565-7 .
  • Schutterhoef, Arie van (), Sogitec 4X, Knorretje, een Nederlandse Wiki over muziek, geluid, soft- en hardware., accesat în  
  • Schwartz, Elliott (), Electronic Music, New York: Praeger .
  • Snell, Karen Crocker (), „The Man Behind The Sound”, Santa Clara Magazine, Santa Clara University (Summer), accesat în  
  • Snyder, Jeff (n.d.), Pierre Schaeffer: Inventor of Musique Concrete, accesat în mai 2002 .
  • Sofer, Danny; and Doug Lynner (), „Pat Gleeson interview”, Synapse: the Electronic Music Magazine, 1 (5 (January–February)): 21–24, 35 .
  • Stevenson, Joseph (), Tomita: Biography, Allmusic website 
  • Stockhausen, Karlheinz (), Texte zur Musik, 3, edited by Dieter Schnebel. DuMont Dokumente., Cologne: DuMont Buchverlag, ISBN 3-7701-0493-5 
  • Stockhausen, Karlheinz (), Texte zur Musik, 1970–1977, 4, edited by Christoph von Blumröder. DuMont Dokumente., Cologne: DuMont Buchverlag, ISBN 3-7701-1078-1 
  • Tal, Josef; and Shlomo Markel (), Musica Nova in the Third Millennium, Tel-Aviv: Israel Music Institute, ISBN 965-90565-0-8 . Also published in German, as Musica Nova im dritten Millenium, Tel-Aviv: Israel Music Institute., ISBN 965-90565-0-8 
  • Tyson, Jeff (n.d.), "How Movie Sound Works", Entertainment.howstuffworks.com, accesat în  
  • Ungeheuer, Elena (), Wie die elektronische Musik "erfunden" wurde...: Quellenstudie zu Werner Meyer-Epplers musikalischem Entwurf zwischen 1949 und 1953, Kölner Schriften zur neuen Musik 2., Mainz and New York: Schott, ISBN 3-7957-1891-0 .
  • Unterberger, R (), „Progressive rock”, All Music Guide to Rock: the Definitive Guide to Rock, Pop, and Soul, in V. Bogdanov, C. Woodstra and S. T. Erlewine, eds, (ed. 3rd), Milwaukee, WI: Backbeat Books, ISBN 0-87930-653-X .
  • Vercoe, Barry (), „Forward”, The Csound Book: Perspectives in Software Synthesis, Sound Design, Signal Processing, and Programming, edited by Richard Boulanger, Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, pp. xxvii–xxx, ISBN 0-262-52261-6 .
  • Vine, Richard (), „Tadao Kikumoto Invents the Roland TB-303”, The Guardian, London (14 June), accesat în  
  • Watson, Scott (), „A Return to Modernism”, Music Education Technology Magazine (February) .
  • Weidenaar, Reynold (), Magic Music from the Telharmonium: The Story of the First Music Synthesizer, Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, Inc., ISBN 0-8108-2692-5 .
  • Xenakis, Iannis (), Formalized Music: Thought and Mathematics in Composition, Harmonologia Series, No 6 (ed. revised, expanded), Stuyvesant, NY: Pendragon Press, ISBN 978-1576470794 
  • Yabsley, Alex (), "Back to the 8 Bit: A Study of Electronic Music Counter-Culture" (February 3), Gamemusic4all.com, accesat în  
  • Zimmer, Dave (), Crosby, Stills and Nash: The Authorized Biography, Photography by Henry Diltz, New York: Da Capo Press., ISBN 0-306-80974-5 
  • Zussman, John Unger (), „Jazzing It Up at the NCC: Hancock and Apple II Make Music Together”, InfoWorld, 4 (26 (5 July)): 1, 5 
  • Cheam, Ivan (), Electronic Music Tracks Review 

Further reading[modificare | modificare sursă]

  • Bogdanov, Vladimir (), Chris Woodstra, Stephen Thomas Erlewine, and John Bush, ed., The All Music Guide to Electronica: The Definitive Guide to Electronic Music, AMG Allmusic Series, San Francisco: Backbeat Books, ISBN 0-87930-628-9 
  • Best of Electronic Music Podcasts/Eurock Live
  • A. Patterson Light & Sound by Mikhail Chekalin, itunes.apple.com Best of Electronic Music
  • Cummins, James (), Ambrosia: About a Culture - An Investigation of Electronica Music and Party Culture, Toronto, ON: Clark-Nova Books, ISBN 978-0-9784892-1-2 
  • Dorschel, Andreas, Gerhard Eckel, and Deniz Peters (eds.) (2012). Bodily Expression in Electronic Music: Perspectives on Reclaiming Performativity. Routledge Research in Music 2. London and New York: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-89080-9.
  • Heifetz, Robin J., ed. (), On The Wires of Our Nerves: The Art of Electroacoustic Music, Cranbury, NJ: Associated University Presses, ISBN 0-8387-5155-5 
  • Kahn, Douglas (), Noise, Water, Meat: A History of Sound in the Arts, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, ISBN 0-262-11243-4, New edition 2001, 
  • Kettlewell, Ben (), Electronic Music Pioneers, [N.p.]: Course Technology, Inc., ISBN 1-931140-17-0 
  • Licata, Thomas, ed. (), Electroacoustic Music: Analytical Perspectives, Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, ISBN 0-313-31420-9 
  • Macan, Edward L (), Rocking the Classics: English Progressive Rock and the Counterculture, Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-509887-0 .
  • Manning, Peter (), Electronic and Computer Music (ed. Revised and expanded), Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-514484-8, (cloth) (pbk) 
  • Prendergast, Mark (), The Ambient Century: From Mahler to Trance: The Evolution of Sound in the Electronic Age, Forward by Brian Eno., New York: Bloomsbury, ISBN 9780747542131, (hardcover eds.) ISBN 1-58234-323-3 (paper) .
  • Reynolds, Simon (), Energy Flash: A Journey Through Rave Music and Dance Culture, London: Pan Macmillan, ISBN 0-330-35056-0  (US title, Generation Ecstasy: Into the World of Techno and Rave Culture, Boston: Little, Brown, 1998 ISBN 0-316-74111-6; New York: Routledge, 1999 ISBN 0-415-92373-5 )
  • Schaefer, John (), New Sounds: A Listener's Guide to New Music, New York: Harper Collins, ISBN 0-06-097081-2 
  • Shanken, Edward A. (), Art and Electronic Media, London: Phaidon, ISBN 978-0-7148-4782-5 
  • Shapiro, Peter, ed. (), Modulations: a History of Electronic Music: Throbbing Words on Sound, New York: Caipirinha Productions, ISBN 1-891024-06-X 
  • Sicko, Dan (), Techno Rebels: The Renegades of Electronic Funk, New York: Billboard Books, ISBN 0-8230-8428-0 
  • Wells, Thomas (), The Technique of Electronic Music, New York: Schirmer Books; London: Collier Macmillan, ISBN 978-0-02-872830-8 

Legături externe[modificare | modificare sursă]

Commons
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