Comitatul Middlesex, Massachusetts

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Acest articol se referă la Comitatul Middlesex, din statul american Massachusetts. Pentru alte comitate omonime, vedeți Comitatul Middlesex (dezambiguizare).


Comitatul Middlesex, Massachusetts
Middlesex County
, Massachusetts
Comitat
Middlesex South Registry of Deeds, Cambridge MA.jpg
Middlesex South Registry of Deeds
Map of Massachusetts highlighting Middlesex County.svg
Localizare în statul Massachusetts
Map of USA MA.svg
Localizare în SUA a statului Massachusetts
Țara Statele Unite ale Americii Statele Unite ale Americii
Stat  Massachusetts
Reședință Nici unul; anterior Cambridge și Lowell)
Guvernul comitatului a fost desființat în 1997
Fondat 10 mai 1643
Suprafață
 • Total 847 mi2 (2,193.7 km2)
 • Pământ 818 mi2 (2,118.6 km2)
 • Apă 29 mi2 (75.1 km2), 3.5%
Populație
 • (2010) 1.503.085
 • Densitate 709,7 loc./km² (1.838 loc./mi²)
Districte congresionale 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th
Fus orar Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Comitatul Middlesex, conform originalului Middlesex County este un comitat aflat în partea de nord-vest a statului american Massachusetts. Este cel mai populat comitat al statului Massachusetts. Conform recensământului din 2000, populația era de 1.465.396. Centrul populației statului se găsește în Middlesex County, în orașul Natick. [1] Comitatul are două sedii în orașele Cambridge și Lowell. GR6 Guvernul comitatului a fost desființat de către stat, dar delimitarea pe hartă continuă să descrie limitele de acțiune juridică precum și alte limitări administrative.

Comitatul a fost creat de către Curtea de justiţie a coloniei Massachusetts la 10 mai 1643, când se ordonase "ca întreaga colonie aflată sub această jurisdicție să fie împărțită în patru subdiviziuni." (Conform originalului din limba engleză, "that the whole Massachusetts Bay Colony within this jurisdiction be divided into four sheires"). Inițial, comitatul Middlesex a conținut Charleston, Cambridge, Watertown, Sudbury, Concord, Woburn, Medford și Reading.[2]

Legi și guvernare[modificare | modificare sursă]

Like an increasing number of Massachusetts counties, Middlesex County exists today only as a historical geographic region, and has no county government. All former county functions were assumed by state agencies in 1997. The sheriff and some other regional officials with specific duties are still elected locally to perform duties within the county region, but there is no county council or commissioner. However, communities are now granted the right to form their own regional compacts for sharing services. See also: League of Women Voters page on Massachusetts counties.

Format:Infobox Mass Town Govt

Geografie[modificare | modificare sursă]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 848 sq mi (2,195 km²). 823 sq mi (2,133 km²) of it is land and 24 sq mi (62 km² ) of it (2.84%) is water.

The MetroWest region comprises much of the southern portion of the county.

Comitate înconjurătoare[modificare | modificare sursă]

Zone naturale protejate[modificare | modificare sursă]

Demografie[modificare | modificare sursă]

Evoluția numărului populației
Recensământ Pop.
1790 42.769
1800 46.928 9.7%
1810 52.789 12.5%
1820 61.472 16.4%
1830 77.961 26.8%
1840 106.611 36.7%
1850 161.383 51.4%
1860 216.354 34.1%
1870 274.353 26.8%
1880 317.830 15.8%
1890 431.167 35.7%
1900 565.696 31.2%
1910 669.915 18.4%
1920 778.352 16.2%
1930 934.924 20.1%
1940 971.390 3.9%
1950 1.064.569 9.6%
1960 1.238.742 16.4%
1970 1.397.268 12.8%
1980 1.367.034 −2.2%
1990 1.398.468 2.3%
2000 1.465.396 4.8%
2010 1.503.085 2.6%
Est. 2013 1.552.802 3.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[3]
1790-1960[4] 1900-1990[5]
1990-2000[6] 2010-2013

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 1,465,396 people, 561,220 households, and 360,864 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,780/sq mi (687/km²). There were 576,681 housing units at an average density of 700 per square mile (270/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 85.88% White, 3.36% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 6.26% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 2.07% from other races, and 2.24% from two or more races. 4.55% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 20.0% were of Irish, 15.7% Italian and 8.0% English ancestry according to Census 2000. 79.6% spoke English, 4.3% Spanish, 2.7% Portuguese, 1.6% Italian, 1.6% Chinese or Mandarin and 1.5% French as their first language. Middlesex county is the most-Irish county in the entire country[2]

There were 561,220 households out of which 30.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.30% were married couples living together, 9.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.70% were non-families. 27.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the county the population was spread out with 22.50% under the age of 18, 9.00% from 18 to 24, 33.40% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 12.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 93.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $60,821, and the median income for a family was $74,194. Males had a median income of $49,460 versus $36,288 for females. The per capita income for the county was $31,199. About 4.30% of families and 6.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.20% of those under age 18 and 7.10% of those age 65 or over.

Politica comitatului[modificare | modificare sursă]

Presidential Election Results 1960-2004
An Partidul Democrat Partidul Republican
2004 63.99% 440,862 34.52% 237,815
2000 61.49% 404,043 30.27% 198,914
1996 63.41% 398,190 27.06% 169,926
1992 49.89% 343,994 28.10% 193,703
1988 54.57% 361,563 43.82% 193,703
1984 50.26% 325,065 49.42% 319,604
1980 42.46% 270,751 40.30% 256,999
1976 55.94% 359,919 40.42% 260,044
1972 55.91% 345,343 43.56% 269,064
1968 64.11% 370,310 32.60% 188,304
1964 76.25% 439,790 23.36% 134,729
1960 59.01% 356,130 40.78% 246,126

Localități[modificare | modificare sursă]

Most municipalities in Middlesex County have a town form of government; the remainder are cities, and are so designated on this list. Villages listed below are census or postal divisions, but have no separate corporate existence from the cities and towns in which they are located.

Vezi și[modificare | modificare sursă]

Referințe[modificare | modificare sursă]

  1. ^ [1]Government Census Information
  2. ^ Davis, William T. Bench and Bar of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, p. 44. The Boston History Company, 1895.
  3. ^ U.S. Decennial Census”. United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/prod/www/decennial.html. Accesat la 16 septembrie 2014. 
  4. ^ Historical Census Browser”. University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. Accesat la 16 septembrie 2014. 
  5. ^ Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990”. United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ma190090.txt. Accesat la 16 septembrie 2014. 
  6. ^ Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000”. United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. Accesat la 16 septembrie 2014. 

Note[modificare | modificare sursă]

Legături externe[modificare | modificare sursă]


Coordonate: 42°29′N 71°23′W / 42.49°N 71.39°V / 42.49; -71.39