Nantucket, Massachusetts

De la Wikipedia, enciclopedia liberă
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Nantucket, Massachusetts
—  Town  —
Town & County of Nantucket, Massachusetts
Nantucket, Massachusetts (SUA)
Poziția geografică în Statele Unite ale Americii
Coordonate: 41°17′00″N 70°04′58″V41°17′00″N 70°04′58″V

ȚaraStatele Unite

 - Total272.6 km²

Populație (2010)
 - Total10,172 locuitori
 - Densitate82,2 loc./km²

Fus orarEastern (-5)
 - Ora de vară (DST)Eastern (-4)
Cod poștal02554

Prezență online
GeoNames Modificați la Wikidata

Location in Nantucket County in Massachusetts
Location in Nantucket County in Massachusetts

Nantucket (pronunție AFI, |ˌ|n|æ|n|ˈ|t|ʌ|k|ɨ|t ) este o insulă situată la circa 48 de km sud de Cape Cod, statul Massachusetts, Statele Unite ale Americii. Împreună cu micile insule Tuckernuck și Muskeget, constituie atât târgul omonim (Nantucket, Massachusetts) cât și comitatul omonim, comitatul Nantucket, cu care coincide teritorial și administrativ formând o entitate consolidată comitat-localitate (conform originalului, consolidated city-county).

O parte a localității este desemnată ca un loc desemnat pentru recenzare, Nantucket CDP (CDP este acronimul pentru expresia din limba engleză census designated place). Zona Surfside de pe insula Nantucket este punctul cel mai sudic al statului Massachusetts.

Canopache, meaning "place of peace", is the Wampanoag Native American name for the island.

Nantucket is a tourist destination and summer colony. The population of the island soars from about 10,000 to 50,000[1] during the summer months, due to tourists and summer residents. According to Forbes Magazine, in 2006, Nantucket had the highest median property value of any Massachusetts ZIP code.[2]

The Nantucket Historic District, comprising all of Nantucket Island, was added to the National Register of Historic Places on December 13, 1966. In doing so the National Park Service paid particular note to the settlements of Nantucket and Siasconset. The island features one of the highest concentrations of pre-Civil War structures in the United States. It also has the oldest operating windmill in the United States (since 1746). It was the setting for the hit NBC sitcom Wings.

Originea numelui[modificare | modificare sursă]

Istoric[modificare | modificare sursă]

Începuturi[modificare | modificare sursă]

Istoria vânătoarelor de balene în Nantucket[modificare | modificare sursă]

Istorie târzie[modificare | modificare sursă]

From 1900 to 1918, Nantucket was one of the few places in the United States which successfully fought encroachment of the automobile. Clinton Folger was the mail carrier for Nantucket. Because cars were forbidden by the town, he towed his car to the state highway for driving to Siasconset.[3]

Geologie și geografie[modificare | modificare sursă]

Coatue[modificare | modificare sursă]

Hummock Pond[modificare | modificare sursă]

Miacomet Pond[modificare | modificare sursă]

Popsquatchet Hills[modificare | modificare sursă]

Squam Swamp[modificare | modificare sursă]

Climat[modificare | modificare sursă]

Date climatice pentru Nantucket
Luna Ian Feb Mar Apr Mai Iun Iul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Anual
Maxima medie °F (°C) 38
Minima medie °F (°C) 25
Precipitații inches (mm) 3.61
Sursă: The Weather Channel[4]

Demografie[modificare | modificare sursă]

Evoluția numărului populației
An Pop.   ±%  
1850 8.452 —    
1860 6.094 −27.9%
1870 4.123 −32.3%
1880 3.727 −9.6%
1890 3.268 −12.3%
1900 3.006 −8.0%
1910 2.962 −1.5%
1920 2.797 −5.6%
1930 3.678 +31.5%
1940 3.401 −7.5%
1950 3.484 +2.4%
1960 3.559 +2.2%
1970 3.774 +6.0%
1980 5.087 +34.8%
1990 6.012 +18.2%
2000 9.520 +58.3%
2001* 9.742 +2.3%
2002* 10.076 +3.4%
2003* 10.305 +2.3%
2004* 10.536 +2.2%
2005* 10.608 +0.7%
2006* 10.803 +1.8%
2007* 11.060 +2.4%
2008* 11.272 +1.9%
2009* 11.322 +0.4%
2010 10.172 −10.2%
The cobblestone Main Street in historic Downtown Nantucket
There is also a census-designated place called Nantucket, with a 2000 population of 3,830, which is located within the Town of Nantucket.

Guvern[modificare | modificare sursă]

Sankaty Head lighthouse at the eastern end of Nantucket Island, Massachusetts ca. November 2000
Presidential elections results
Year Republican Democratic
2008 30.8% 1,863 67.3% 4,073
2004 35.6% 2,040 63.0% 3,608
2000 33.0% 1,624 58.3% 2,874
1996 29.4% 1,222 59.0% 2,453
1992 27.5% 1,158 48.3% 2,037
1988 39.4% 1,469 59.2% 2,209
1984 53.5% 1,697 45.9% 1,456
1980 40.5% 1,149 36.6% 1,040
1976 53.3% 1,399 42.5% 1,115
1972 59.6% 1,418 40.0% 952
1968 55.3% 991 41.5% 744
1964 32.8% 587 67.0% 1,197
1960 63.5% 1,219 36.4% 698
Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of October 13, 2010[5]
Party Number of Voters Percentage
  Democratic 2,283 28.79%
  Republican 1,251 15.77%
  Unaffiliated 4,351 54.86%
  Minor Parties 46 0.58%
Total 7,931 100%

Educație[modificare | modificare sursă]

Artă și cultură[modificare | modificare sursă]

Theodore Robinson's painting Nantucket, 1882

The island is well known as a center for both visual and performing arts.

Transporturi[modificare | modificare sursă]

Nantucket is served by Nantucket Memorial Airport, a three-runway airport on the south side of the island. The airport, whose three call letters are ACK, is one of the busiest in the Commonwealth and often logs more take-offs and landings on a summer day than Boston's Logan airport. This is due in part to the large number of private/corporate planes used by wealthy summer inhabitants, and in part to the 10-seat Cessna 402s used by several commercial air carriers to serve the island community. The airport is currently[Când?] undergoing an expansion.[necesită citare]

Dezastre[modificare | modificare sursă]

The Argo Merchant ran aground on December 15, 1976. A silvery oil slick can be seen coming from the center holds in the foreground.

National Register of Historic Places[modificare | modificare sursă]

Brant Point Light in Nantucket Harbor

Rezidenți notabili[modificare | modificare sursă]

  • Russell Baker, former New York Times columnist, had a summer home on the island.
  • Bill Belichick, current head coach of the New England Patriots, owns several homes in 'Sconset.
  • Peter Benchley, author of Jaws, Beast and other novels, lived on the island.
  • A. J. Cronin, novelist, resided on the island.
  • Bob Diamond, CEO of Barclays, owns a summer house near Brant Point.
  • Bill Frist, physician, author and former United States Senator, has a home on the island.
  • Lou Gerstner, former chairman and CEO of IBM, owns a house on the island.
  • Charles Geschke, co-founder of Adobe Systems, spends summers on the island.
  • Frank Gifford and Kathie Lee Gifford have a house on the island.
  • Robert Greenhill, the investment banker and chairman of Greenhill & Co, has a home on the island
  • David Halberstam, Pulitzer Prize winning journalist and historian, had a summer home on the island.
  • James H. Cromartie, internationally renowned hard-edge realist and historical artist who resides year-round on the island.
  • Kerry Hallam, artist of international reputation who released Nantucket Notables, a collection of watercolor sketches of Nantucket's residents, lives in a cottage off Bartlett Road.[6]
  • Dorothy Hamill, American figure skater, has a home on the island.
  • John Kerry and his wife Teresa Heinz spend summers at their residence on Brant Point.
  • Charles Herlinger, a multi-millionaire private equity investor and former CEO of Hitachi, owns a home on the island near Cliff Road
  • Tommy Hilfiger, retail giant of the eponymous clothing label, owns a summer home on the island. The country house was featured in the MTV reality show Rich Girls, which starred his daughter Ally.
  • Wayne Huizenga, billionaire entrepreneur and sports team owner, is a part-time resident.
  • Judith Ivey, actress, has a home in the village of Siasconset.
  • Seward Johnson, sculptor, has a summer residence on Brant Point.
  • Frances Karttunen, academic linguist, historian and Mesoamericanist scholar, grew up and resides on the island
  • Frank Lorenzo, former aviation executive, has a home on the north shore of the island.
  • Rowland Hussey Macy, founder of Macy's, was born on the island and learned the retail business in a small shop on Main Street (which is marked by a plaque).
  • Chris Matthews, political commentator and MSNBC anchor, has a home near Tom Nevers.
  • Lucretia Coffin Mott was born in 1793 on Nantucket. Mott was an American Quaker minister, abolitionist, social reformer, and proponent of women's rights. She is credited as the first American "feminist" in the early 19th century but was, more accurately, the initiator of women's political advocacy.
  • Maria Mitchell, native of Nantucket, first American female professional astronomer and a Vassar professor (of astronomy) is buried in Prospect Hill.
  • Cyrus Peirce, first principal of Nantucket High School and later first president of what is now Framingham State College, married Nantucket native, Harriet Coffin. They are both buried in Prospect Hill Cemetery. Cyrus Peirce Middle School is named for him.
  • Roger Penske, billionaire founder of Penske Racing, spends summers at his waterfront compound in Wauwinet.
  • Nathaniel Philbrick, best selling author of In the Heart of the Sea: The Tragedy of the Whaleship Essex and The Mayflower.
  • Steven M. Rales, billionaire chairman of Danaher Corporation, spends summers on the island.
  • Fred Rogers, Mr. Rogers of Mr. Rogers' Neighborhood (PBS television), lived in Madaket.[7]
  • Ned Rorem, Pulitzer Prize winning composer of classical music, owns a home on the island.
  • David M. Rubenstein, billionaire co-founder of the Carlyle Group, spends summers at Abrams Point.
  • Tim Russert, late host of NBC's Meet the Press, owned a home on the island.
  • Richard Mellon Scaife, billionaire businessman and publisher, has a home near Wauwinet.
  • Eric Schmidt, billionaire chairman of Google, and wife Wendy have a home on Cliff Road.
  • John Shea, actor, has a home on the village of Siasconset
  • Frank Stallone, actor/musician, is currently building a multi-million dollar estate in Surfside.
  • Barry Sternlicht, chairman of Starwood Capital Group and founder of Starwood Hotels & Resorts, has a home near Eel Point.
  • Jerry Stiller and Anne Meara have a home at Children's Beach.
  • Louis Susman, U.S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom, has a home on the north shore of the island.
  • Joseph Gardner Swift, a Nantucket native, was the first graduate of the United States Military Academy; he attained the rank of Brigadier General.
  • Bruce Taylor, founder of Xcaliber International, one of the largest tobacco manufacturers in the U.S. owns a home on Polpis Road.
  • Jack Welch, retired General Electric CEO, has an estate on the east side of the island near 'Sconset.
  • Bob Wright, chairman of NBC Universal, and Suzanne Wright are founders of 'Autism Speaks' and have a home on Medouie Creek.

Vedeți și[modificare | modificare sursă]

Note[modificare | modificare sursă]

Title page of the first U.S. edition of Moby-Dick, 1851.
  • Bond, C. Lawrence, Native Names of New England Towns and Villages, privately published by C. Lawrence Bond, Topsfield, Massachusetts, 1991.
  • Philbrick, Nathaniel, In The Heart of the Sea: The Tragedy of the Whaleship Essex, Penguin, NY, NY, 2000.

Bibliografie[modificare | modificare sursă]

  • Macy, William Francis (). The story of old Nantucket; a brief history of the island and its people from its discovery down to the present day. Nantucket: The Inquirer and mirror press. 
  • Tower, W.S. (). A History of the American Whale Fishery. University of Philadelphia. 

Referințe[modificare | modificare sursă]

Legături externe[modificare | modificare sursă]

Wikimedia Commons conține materiale multimedia legate de Nantucket, Massachusetts