In Utero (album)

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In Utero
In Utero (Nirvana) album cover.jpg
studio de Nirvana
Lansare 13 septembrie 1993 (1993-09-13)
Înregistrare 12–26 februarie 1993[1] at Pachyderm Studio, Cannon Falls, Minnesota
Limbă Engleză
Gen Grunge, alternative rock
Durată 48:49
Casă de discuri DGC
Producător Steve Albini
Cronologie – Nirvana
Incesticide
(1992)
In Utero
(1993)
MTV Unplugged in New York
(1994)
Alte informații
Single-uri de pe In Utero
  1. Heart-Shaped Box
    Lansare: 30 august 1993 (1993-08-30)
  2. All Apologies"/"Rape Me
    Lansare: 6 decembrie 1993 (1993-12-06)

In Utero este al treilea și ultimul album de studio al formației grunge americane Nirvana, lansat pe 13 septembrie 1993 la DGC Records.

Release and reception[modificare | modificare sursă]

Recenzii profesionale
Punctaje totale
Source Rating
Metacritic 88/100[2]
Punctajul recenziei
Sursa Punctajul
Allmusic 5/5 stele[3]
Pitchfork Media (10/10)[4]
Rolling Stone 4.5/5 stele[5]
NME.com 8/10[6]
Billboard 86/100[7]

Lista pieselor[modificare | modificare sursă]

Toate piesele au fost scrise de Kurt Cobain cu excepția celor notate.

  1. "Serve the Servants" – 3:36
  2. "Scentless Apprentice" (Cobain, Dave Grohl, Krist Novoselic) – 3:48
  3. "Heart-Shaped Box" – 4:41
  4. "Rape Me" – 2:50
  5. "Frances Farmer Will Have Her Revenge on Seattle" – 4:09
  6. "Dumb" – 2:32
  7. "Very Ape" – 1:56
  8. "Milk It" – 3:55
  9. "Pennyroyal Tea" – 3:37
  10. "Radio Friendly Unit Shifter" – 4:51
  11. "tourette's" – 1:35
  12. "All Apologies" – 3:51
Bonus track on non-American pressings
  1. "Gallons of Rubbing Alcohol Flow Through the Strip" (Cobain, Grohl, Novoselic) – 7:28




Personal[modificare | modificare sursă]

Nirvana
Personal adițional

Vânzări și poziționări[modificare | modificare sursă]

Single-uri[modificare | modificare sursă]

Year Single Peak positions
US Air
[28]
US Main
[29]
US Mod
[29]
AUS
[9]
BEL
[30]
FRA
[31]
IRE
[32]
NLD
[11]
NZ
[15]
SWE
[17]
UK
[19]
1993 "Heart-Shaped Box" 4 1 21 31 37 6 36 9 16 5
"All Apologies"/"Rape Me" 45 4 1 43 20 20 32 32
"—" denotes releases that did not chart.

Certificări[modificare | modificare sursă]

Regiune Certificări Vânzări
Australia (ARIA)[33] 2× Platinum 140.000^
Austria (IFPI Austria)[34] Gold 7,500x
Brazil (ABPD)[35] Gold 40,000*
Canada (Music Canada)[36] 6× Platinum 600,000^
France (SNEP)[37] Platinum 300.000*
Germany (BVMI)[38] Gold 100,000^
Japan (RIAJ)[39] Platinum 200.000^
Poland (ZPAV)[40] Gold 50.000*
Spain (PROMUSICAE)[41] Platinum 100.000^
Sweden (GLF)[42] Gold 50.000^
United Kingdom (BPI)[43] Platinum 300.000^
United States (RIAA)[44] 5× Platinum 5.000.000^

*cifrele de vânzări sunt bazate pe un singur certificat
^cifrele cargo sunt bazate pe un singur certificat
xcifrele nespecificate sunt bazate pe un singur certificat

Referințe și note[modificare | modificare sursă]

  1. ^ Willman, Chris (12 septembrie 2013). „Nirvana’s ‘In Utero’ Turns 20: The Drama Over Kurt Cobain’s Last Musical Testament | Stop The Presses! - Yahoo Music”. Music.yahoo.com. http://music.yahoo.com/blogs/stop-the-presses/nirvana-utero-turns-20-drama-over-kurt-cobain-192427945.html. Accesat la 22 octombrie 2013. 
  2. ^ In Utero [20th Anniversary Edition - Nirvana]”. Metacritic. http://www.metacritic.com/music/in-utero-20th-anniversary-edition/nirvana. 
  3. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas "Album: Nirvana 'In Utero' (1993)". Allmusic.com. Retrieved 2013-09-22.
  4. ^ Berman, Stuart (24 septembrie 2013). „Nirvana: In Utero: Album Reviews. http://m.pitchfork.com/reviews/albums/18517-nirvana-in-utero-20th-anniversary-edition/. Accesat la 13 ianuarie 2014. 
  5. ^ Fricke, David(1993-09-16). "Nirvana -In Utero". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2013-09-22.
  6. ^ Mulvey, John(1993-09-04). "Nirvana -In Utero". NME.com. Retrieved 2013-09-22.
  7. ^ Graff, Gary(2013-09-13). "Nirvana's 'In Utero' At 20: Classic Track-By-Track Review". Billboard. Retrieved 2013-09-22.
  8. ^ Eakin, Marah (13 august 2013). „Nirvana's Upcoming In Utero Reissue to Feature Previously Unreleased Material and '2013 mixes'”. A.V. Club. http://www.avclub.com/articles/upcoming-in-utero-reissue-to-feature-previously-un,101539/. 
  9. ^ a b Discography Nirvana. Australian-charts.com. Retrieved on January 23, 2009.
  10. ^ Nirvana - In Utero (Album). Austriancharts.at (in Austrian German). Retrieved on November 19, 2008.
  11. ^ a b Discografie Nirvana. Dutchcharts.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved on January 23, 2009.
  12. ^ InfoDisc : Le Détail des Albums de chaque Artiste. Infodisc.fr. Retrieved on October 10, 2012. NB user has to select "Nirvana" from the drop down list.
  13. ^ Chartverfolgung / Nirvana / Longplay. Musicline.de (in German). Retrieved on November 19, 2008.
  14. ^ Archívum. Mahasz (in Hungarian). Retrieved on November 20, 2008. NB user needs to enter "In Utero" in "Eloadó/cím", select "dal/album cím", and click "Keresés".
  15. ^ a b Discography Nirvana. Charts.org.nz. Retrieved on January 4, 2010.
  16. ^ Nirvana - In Utero (Album). Norwegiancharts.com. Retrieved on November 20, 2008.
  17. ^ a b Nirvana in Swedish Charts. Swedishcharts.com. Retrieved on November 20, 2008.
  18. ^ Nirvana - In Utero (Album). Swisscharts.com. Retrieved on November 20, 2008.
  19. ^ a b Roberts, David (ed.). British Hit Singles & Albums. 19th edition. HIT Entertainment, 2006. ISBN 978-1-904994-10-7, p. 396
  20. ^ Eroare la citare: Etichetă <ref> invalidă; niciun text nu a fost furnizat pentru ref-urile numite Uno
  21. ^ Nirvana - In Utero (Album). Ultratop.be (in French). Retrieved on November 20, 2008.
  22. ^ "Nirvana – In Utero". Australiancharts.com. Hung Medien.
  23. ^ "Nirvana – In Utero" (In French). Ultratop.be. Hung Medien.
  24. ^ "Nirvana – In Utero" (In Dutch). Ultratop.be. Hung Medien.
  25. ^ "Nirvana – In Utero". Portuguesecharts.com. Hung Medien.
  26. ^ "Nirvana – In Utero". Spanishcharts.com. Hung Medien.
  27. ^ a b "Nirvana Album & Song Chart History" Billboard 200 for Nirvana. Prometheus Global Media.
  28. ^ Nirvana US Bilboard Hot 100 Airplay Charts. billboard.com. Retrieved on September 22, 2012.
  29. ^ a b Nirvana - Billboard Singles. Allmusic. Retrieved on November 13, 2010.
  30. ^ Nirvana Belgiam Ultratop Charts. ultratop.be/nl. Retrieved on September 18, 2012.
  31. ^ Nirvana Dans Les Charts Français. Lescharts.com (in French). Retrieved on November 20, 2008.
  32. ^ Search the Charts. IrishChart.ie. Retrieved on November 20, 2008. NB user needs to enter "Nirvana" in "Search by artist" and click "search". Arhivat la June 3, 2009 - mdy la WebCite
  33. ^ „ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 1996 Albums”. Australian Recording Industry Association. 
  34. ^ Austrian album certifications – Nirvana – In Utero” (în German). IFPI Austria. http://www.ifpi.at/?section=goldplatin.  Enter Nirvana in the field Interpret. Enter In Utero in the field Titel. Select album in the field Format. Click Suchen
  35. ^ Brazilian album certifications – Nirvana – In Utero” (în Portuguese). Associação Brasileira dos Produtores de Discos. http://abpd.org.br/certificados_interna.asp?sArtista=Nirvana&tmidia=1. 
  36. ^ Canadian album certifications – Nirvana – In Utero”. Music Canada. http://www.musiccanada.com/GPSearchResult.aspx?st=In+Utero&sa=Nirvana&smt=0. 
  37. ^ French album certifications – Nirvana – In Utero” (în French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. http://www.disqueenfrance.com/fr/pag-259165-CERTIFICATIONS.html?year=1995&type=12. 
  38. ^ Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (Nirvana; 'In Utero')” (în German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. http://www.musikindustrie.de/gold_platin_datenbank/?action=suche&strTitel=In+Utero&strInterpret=Nirvana&strTtArt=alben&strAwards=checked. 
  39. ^ RIAJ > The Record > April 2000 > Certified Awards (February 2000)” (în Japanese). Recording Industry Association of Japan. http://www.riaj.or.jp/issue/record/2000/200004.pdf. Accesat la 2 august 2013. 
  40. ^ Polish album certifications – Nirvana – In Utero” (în Polish). Polish Producers of Audio and Video (ZPAV). http://www.zpav.pl/rankingi/wyroznienia/zlote/index.php. 
  41. ^ Solo Exitos 1959–2002 Ano A Ano: Certificados 1991–1995”. Solo Exitos 1959–2002 Ano A Ano. http://www.mediafire.com/view/vqzno2c0fe48zam. 
  42. ^ Guld- och Platinacertifikat − År 1987−1998” (în Swedish) (PDF). IFPI Sweden. http://www.ifpi.se/wp-content/uploads/guld-platina-1987-1998.pdf. 
  43. ^ British album certifications – Nirvana – In Utero”. British Phonographic Industry. http://www.bpi.co.uk/certified-awards.aspx.  Enter In Utero in the field Search. Select Title in the field Search by. Select album in the field By Format. Click Go
  44. ^ American album certifications – Nirvana – In Utero”. Recording Industry Association of America. http://www.riaa.com/goldandplatinumdata.php?artist=%22In+Utero%22.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH

Bibliografie[modificare | modificare sursă]

  • Azerrad, Michael. Come as You Are: The Story of Nirvana. Doubleday, 1994. ISBN 0-385-47199-8
  • Cameron, Keith. "This Is Pop". Mojo. May 2001.
  • Cross, Charles R. Heavier Than Heaven: A Biography of Kurt Cobain. Hyperion, 2001. ISBN 0-7868-8402-9
  • DeRogatis, Jim. Milk It!: Collected Musings on the Alternative Music Explosion of the 90's. Da Capo, 2003. ISBN 0-306-81271-1
  • Gaar, Gillian G. In Utero. Continuum, 2006. ISBN 0-8264-1776-0
  • Rocco, John (editor). The Nirvana Companion: Two Decades of Commentary. Schirmer, 1998. ISBN 0-02-864930-3

Legături externe[modificare | modificare sursă]