Bleach (album)

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Bleach
Nirvana-Bleach.jpg
Album de studio de Nirvana
Lansare 15 iunie 1989
Înregistrare dec. 1988 – ian. 1989 în Seattle, Washington
Gen Grunge
Casă de discuri Sub Pop
Producător Jack Endino

Bleach este primul album de studio al trupei grunge Nirvana. A fost lansat în 1989 prin casa de discuri independentă Sub Pop.

Recepție[modificare | modificare sursă]

Recenzii profesionale
Punctaje totale
Source Rating
Metacritic 85/100[1]
Punctajul recenziei
Sursa Punctajul
About.com 4/5 stele[2]
Allmusic 3.5/5 stele[3]
The A.V. Club A-[4]
BBC Music (favorable)[5]
Drowned in Sound (7/10)[6]
Kerrang! 3/5 stele[7]
NME (8/10)[8]
Pitchfork Media (8.5/10)[9]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide 4/5 stele[10]

Melodii[modificare | modificare sursă]

Toate cântecele, în afară de Love Buzz, au fost compuse de Kurt Cobain.

1989 vinil
  1. "Blew" – 2:55
  2. "Floyd the Barber" – 2:18
  3. "About a Girl" – 2:48
  4. "School" – 2:42
  5. "Love Buzz" (Robbie van Leeuwen) – 3:35
  6. "Paper Cuts" – 4:06
  7. "Negative Creep" – 2:56
  8. "Scoff" – 4:10
  9. "Swap Meet" – 3:03
  10. "Mr. Moustache" – 3:24
  11. "Sifting" – 5:22
1992 reemitere CD
  1. "Big Cheese" (Cobain, Krist Novoselic) – 3:42 (originally the B-side of the "Love Buzz" single)
  2. "Downer" – 1:43

(Note: the U.K. version of Bleach didn't feature "Love Buzz" until the 1992 reissue, "Big Cheese" featuring in its place.)

2009 relansare (Pine Street Theatre live performance recorded February 9, 1990 – Portland, Oregon)
  1. "Intro" – 0:53
  2. "School" – 2:36
  3. "Floyd the Barber" – 2:17
  4. "Dive" (Cobain, Novoselic) – 3:42
  5. "Love Buzz" (van Leeuwen) – 2:58
  6. "Spank Thru" – 2:59
  7. "Molly's Lips" (Eugene Kelly, Frances McKee) – 2:16
  8. "Sappy" – 3:19
  9. "Scoff" – 3:53
  10. "About a Girl" – 2:28
  11. "Been a Son" – 2:01
  12. "Blew" – 4:32

Personal[modificare | modificare sursă]


Personal sumplimentar

Clasamente[modificare | modificare sursă]

Clasamente (1992) Poziții de top
Australian Albums Chart[12] 34
Austrian Albums Chart[12] 26
Belgium Albums Chart (Wallonia)[12] 23
Finnish Albums Chart[13] 24
German Albums Chart[14] 24
Japanese Albums Chart[15] 46
New Zealand Albums Chart[16] 30
UK Albums Chart[17] 33
US Billboard 200[18] 89

Certificări[modificare | modificare sursă]

Regiune Certificări Vânzări
Canada (Music Canada)[19] Gold 50,000^
France (SNEP)[20] 2× Gold 200.000*
Poland (ZPAV)[21] Gold 50.000*
United Kingdom (BPI)[22] Platinum 300.000^
United States (RIAA)[23] Platinum 1.000.000^

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone
xunspecified figures based on certification alone

Istoric lansări[modificare | modificare sursă]

An Tip Record Catalog Ref
1989 Compact Disc Sub Pop Records SP34B [3]
Cassette SP34A
LP record SP34
1992 Compact Disc Geffen Records 24433
1995 1929
2005 LP record Phantom Records TUPLP6
Compact Disc Warner Music Group 9878700342
2008 LP record 7840034 [24]
2009 Sub Pop Records 70834
Compact Disc
Rhino Entertainment 5186561462 [25]

Referințe și note[modificare | modificare sursă]

  1. ^ Bleach: Deluxe Edition - Nirvana”. Metacritic. http://www.metacritic.com/music/bleach-deluxe-edition/nirvana. 
  2. ^ Carew, Anthony "Definitive Albums: Nirvana 'Bleach' (1989)". About.com. Retrieved 2010-07-18.
  3. ^ a b Stephen Thomas Erlewine [Bleach (album) la Allmusic "allmusic ((( Bleach > Overview )))"]. Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-07-04.
  4. ^ Modell, Josh (2009-11-03). "Nirvana -Bleach (Deluxe)". The A.V. Club. Retrieved 2010-07-17.
  5. ^ Leaver, Anthony "Nirvana Bleach Review". BBC. 2007-04-23. Retrieved 2010-07-18.
  6. ^ Mark Powell (2009-11-06). "Nirvana - Bleach (Deluxe Edition)". Drowned In Sound. Retrieved 2010-07-17.
  7. ^ Brannigan, Paul. "Nirvana – Bleach: Deluxe Edition (Rhino) KKK. Reissue of the grunge legends' ugly birth". Kerrang!. 2009-11-04.
  8. ^ Eroare la citare: Etichetă <ref> invalidă; niciun text nu a fost furnizat pentru ref-urile numite NME
  9. ^ Berman, Stuart "Nirvana: Bleach [Deluxe Edition] / Live at Reading". Pitchfork Media. 2009-11-11. Retrieved 2010-07-17.
  10. ^ Eroare la citare: Etichetă <ref> invalidă; niciun text nu a fost furnizat pentru ref-urile numite rolling_stone_review
  11. ^ a b True, 2007. p. 124
  12. ^ a b c Nirvana – Bleach (Nirvana album)”. Swiss Charts. http://swisscharts.com/showitem.asp?interpret=Nirvana&titel=Bleach&cat=a. Accesat la 5 iulie 2009. 
  13. ^ Eroare la citare: Etichetă <ref> invalidă; niciun text nu a fost furnizat pentru ref-urile numite Pennanen
  14. ^ Chartverfolgung - NIRVANA - BLEACH” (în German). Musicline.de. http://www.musicline.de/de/chartverfolgung_summary/title/NIRVANA/BLEACH/longplay. Accesat la 29 septembrie 2010. 
  15. ^ Album Chart-Book Complete Edition 1970–2005. Orikonmāketingupuromōshon (2006). ISBN 4-87131-077-9.
  16. ^ Scapolo, Dean (2001). New Zealand Music Charts, 1975–2000: Albums. ISBN 0-908876-34-3.
  17. ^ Roberts, David, ed. (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums. 19th edition. HIT Entertainment. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.
  18. ^ [Bleach (album) la Allmusic "allmusic ((( Bleach > Charts & Awards )))"]. Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-07-18.
  19. ^ Canadian album certifications – Nirvana – Bleach”. Music Canada. http://www.musiccanada.com/GPSearchResult.aspx?st=Bleach&sa=Nirvana&smt=0. 
  20. ^ French album certifications – Nirvana – Bleach” (în French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. http://www.disqueenfrance.com/fr/pag-259165-CERTIFICATIONS.html?year=1997&type=11. 
  21. ^ Polish album certifications – Nirvana – Bleach” (în Polish). Polish Producers of Audio and Video (ZPAV). http://www.zpav.pl/rankingi/wyroznienia/zlote/index.php. 
  22. ^ British album certifications – Nirvana – Bleach”. British Phonographic Industry. http://www.bpi.co.uk/certified-awards.aspx.  Enter Bleach in the field Search. Select Title in the field Search by. Select album in the field By Format. Click Go
  23. ^ American album certifications – Nirvana – Bleach”. Recording Industry Association of America. http://www.riaa.com/goldandplatinumdata.php?artist=%22Bleach%22.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
  24. ^ Stephen Thomas Erlewine [Bleach (album) la Allmusic "allmusic ((( Bleach (Deluxe Edition) > Overview )))"]. Allmusic. Retrieved 2010-07-18.
  25. ^ [Bleach (album) la Allmusic "allmusic ((( Bleach > Overview )))"]. Allmusic . Retrieved 2010-07-18.

Bibliografie[modificare | modificare sursă]

Legături externe[modificare | modificare sursă]