Lafayette, Indiana

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Lafayette, Indiana
—  Oraș  —
City of Lafayette
Lafayette
Lafayette
Drapel
Drapel
Poreclă: "Star City"
Lafayette, Indiana is located in SUA
Lafayette, Indiana
Lafayette, Indiana
Lafayette, Indiana (SUA)
Poziția geografică
Coordonate: Coordonate: 40°25′2″N 86°52′43″V / 40.41722°N 86.87861°V / 40.41722; -86.8786140°25′2″N 86°52′43″V / 40.41722°N 86.87861°V / 40.41722; -86.87861

Țară SUA
Stat Indiana
Comitat Tippecanoe
Townships Fairfield, Perry, Sheffield, Wea
Înființat 1825
Fondator William Digby

Guvernare
 - Primar Tony Roswarski (D)

Suprafață
 - Total 71.85 km²
 - Pământ 71.85 km²
 - Apă km²
Altitudine 211 m.d.m.

Populație (2010)[1]
 - Oraș 67140 locuitori
 - Densitate 934,5 loc./km²
 - Metropolitană 201.789

Fus orar EST (-5)
 - Ora de vară (DST) EDT (-4)
Cod poștal 47901, 47904, 47905, 47909
Prefix telefonic 765

Site web: http://www.lafayette.in.gov

Poziția localității Lafayette, Indiana
Poziția localității Lafayette, Indiana

Lafayette este o localitate, municipalitate și sediul comitatului, Tippecanoe, statul Indiana, Statele Unite ale Americii.[4]

Lafayette este localitatea centrală a zonei metropolitane omonime, Lafayette, Indiana, care cuprinde trei comitate ale statului, Benton, Carroll și Tippecanoe.

Conform 2010 United States Census, populația orașului Lafayette era de 67.140 locuitori, cu circa 19% mai mult față de cei 56.397 din 2000.[5]

Demografie[modificare | modificare sursă]

Evoluția numărului populației
Recensământ Pop.
1850 6.129
1860 9.387 53.2%
1870 13.506 43.9%
1880 14.860 10.0%
1890 16.243 9.3%
1900 18.116 11.5%
1910 20.081 10.8%
1920 22.486 12.0%
1930 26.240 16.7%
1940 28.798 9.7%
1950 35.558 23.5%
1960 42.330 19.0%
1970 44.955 6.2%
1980 43.011 −4.3%
1990 43.764 1.8%
2000 56.397 28.9%
2010 67.140 19.0%
Est. 2014 70.654 [6] 5.2%
Sursa: US Census Bureau

History[modificare | modificare sursă]

General Lafayette, 1792
Wabash River, looking North. View from the John T. Meyers pedestrian bridge, which links the cities of Lafayette and West Lafayette

When European explorers arrived at the area around what is now Tippecanoe County, it was inhabited by a tribe of Miami Indians known as the Ouiatenon or Weas. In 1717, the French government established Fort Ouiatenon across the Wabash River and three miles (5 km) south of present-day Lafayette. The fort became the center of trade for fur trappers, merchants and Indians. An annual reenactment and festival known as Feast of the Hunters' Moon takes place there each autumn.[7]

The town of Lafayette was platted in May 1825 by William Digby, a trader. It was designated as the county seat of the newly formed Tippecanoe County the following year. Like many frontier towns, Lafayette was named for General Lafayette, a French soldier who significantly aided George Washington's Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. Lafayette toured the United States in 1824 and 1825.

In its earliest days, Lafayette was a shipping center on the Wabash River. In 1838, Henry Leavitt Ellsworth, the first United States Patent Commissioner, published a booklet titled Valley of the Upper Wabash, Indiana, with Hints on Its Agricultural Advantages, to promote settlement of the region. By 1845, Ellsworth had purchased 93.000 acres (Eroare de expresie: operand lipsă pentru * ) of farmland in and around Lafayette and moved there from Connecticut to supervise land sales.[8] By 1847 Ellsworth was distributing broadsides looking for farmers to purchase his farmland.[9] He became president of the Tippecanoe County Agricultural Society in April 1851 – despite some local resentment over what was called "the Yale Crowd" – but he was defeated the same year when he ran for the Indiana House of Representatives.[10] Ellsworth Street and Ellsworth Historic District are named for the early real estate developer.[11]

The Wabash and Erie Canal in the 1840s stimulated trade and affirmed Lafayette's regional prominence. railroads arrived in the town in the 1850s, connecting it with other major markets. The Monon Railroad connected Lafayette with other sections of Indiana.

Lafayette was the site of the first official air mail delivery in the United States, which took place on August 17, 1859, when John Wise piloted a balloon starting on the Lafayette courthouse grounds. Wise hoped to reach New York; however, weather conditions forced the balloon down near Crawfordsville, Indiana, and the mail reached its final destination by train. In 1959, the U.S. Postal Service issued a 7¢ airmail stamp commemorating the centennial of the event.[12]

Geography[modificare | modificare sursă]

Lafayette is located at 40°24′38″N 86°52′29″W / 40.410585°N 86.874681°V / 40.410585; -86.874681 (40.410585, -86.874681)[13] and lies in Fairfield and Wea Townships. Elevation at the court house is 550 feet (168 m), but city elevations range from a little over 500 feet (152,4 m) at the Wabash River to approximately 700 feet (210 m) in the areas of Murdock Park and Columbian Park.

According to the 2010 census, Lafayette has a total area of 27,74 square miles (71,85 km²), all land.[2]

Climate and weather[modificare | modificare sursă]

In recent years, temperatures in Lafayette have ranged from an average low of 17 °F (Eroare de expresie: operand lipsă pentru * ) in January to a high of 86 °F (Eroare de expresie: operand lipsă pentru * ) in July, although a record low of -33 °F (Eroare de expresie: operand lipsă pentru * ) was recorded in January 1985 and again in January 1994; and a record high of 105 °F (Eroare de expresie: operand lipsă pentru * ) was recorded in June 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1,58 inci (Eroare de expresie: operand lipsă pentru * ) in February to 4,24 inci (Eroare de expresie: operand lipsă pentru * ) in June.[14]

Clima[modificare | modificare sursă]

Date climatice pentru Lafayette, Indiana
Luna Ian Feb Mar Apr Mai Iun Iul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Anual
Maxima istorică °F (°C) 69
(21)
74
(23)
82
(28)
89
(32)
93
(34)
104
(40)
106
(41)
98
(37)
102
(39)
92
(33)
80
(27)
71
(22)
106
(41)
Maxima medie °F (°C) 31.6
(−0,2)
36.9
(2,7)
48.5
(9,2)
60.7
(15,9)
72.3
(22,4)
81.4
(27,4)
84.5
(29,2)
82.5
(28,1)
76.9
(24,9)
64.8
(18,2)
49.9
(9,9)
36.9
(2,7)
60.58
(15.88)
Minima medie °F (°C) 14.3
(−9,8)
18.3
(−7,6)
28.7
(−1,8)
38.7
(3,7)
49.7
(9,8)
58.9
(14,9)
62.4
(16,9)
60.4
(15,8)
52.6
(11,4)
41.3
(5,2)
31.7
(−0,2)
20.5
(−6,4)
39.79
(4.33)
Minima istorică °F (°C) −33
(−36)
−23
(−31)
−15
(−26)
4
(−16)
24
(−4)
36
(2)
42
(6)
36
(2)
26
(−3)
19
(−7)
−2
(−19)
−25
(−32)
−33
(−36)
Precipitații inches (mm) 1.91
(48.5)
1.73
(43.9)
2.98
(75.7)
3.26
(82.8)
4.18
(106.2)
4.38
(111.3)
3.91
(99.3)
3.73
(94.7)
2.78
(70.6)
2.44
(62)
3.04
(77.2)
2.56
(65)
36,90
(937,3)
Zăpadă inches (cm) 6.5
(16.5)
4.8
(12.2)
2.9
(7.4)
0.7
(1.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.3
(0.8)
0.8
(2)
5.2
(13.2)
21,2
(53,8)
Nr. de zile cu precipitații (≥ 0.01 in) 9.6 7.7 10.2 10.9 10.6 10.4 8.9 8.4 7.6 8.3 9.8 10.1 112,5
Nr. mediu de zile cu ninsoare (≥ 0.1 in) 5.3 3.3 1.7 0.3 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 0.9 3.5 15,1
Sursa nr. 1: The Weather Channel (January record high)[15]
Sursa nr. 2: NOAA[16]

Transport[modificare | modificare sursă]

Sagamore Parkway

Aeroporturi

Autostrăzi

Referințe[modificare | modificare sursă]

  1. ^ American FactFinder”. United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/index.xhtml. Accesat la 11 decembrie 2012. 
  2. ^ a b G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1”. United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_SF1/G001/1600000US1840788. Accesat la 29 iulie 2015. 
  3. ^ USGS detail on Lafayette. http://geonames.usgs.gov/pls/gnispublic/f?p=gnispq:3:::NO::P3_FID:437501. Accesat la 21 septembrie 2007. 
  4. ^ Find a County”. National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Accesat la 7 iunie 2011. 
  5. ^ Lafayette (city), Indiana – QuickFacts”. United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/18/1840788.html. Accesat la 19 aprilie 2012. 
  6. ^ Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014. http://www.census.gov/popest/data/cities/totals/2014/SUB-EST2014.html. Accesat la 4 iunie 2015. 
  7. ^ Feast of the Hunters' Moon”. Tippecanoe County Historical Association. http://www.tcha.mus.in.us/feast.htm. Accesat la 1 iunie 2009. 
  8. ^ A Day in the Life of Tippecanoe County, Tippecanoe County Historical Association
  9. ^ Guide to the Henry Leavitt Ellsworth Papers, Yale University Library
  10. ^ A Day in the Life of Tippecanoe County, Tippecanoe County Historical Association
  11. ^ During the period of Ellsworth's residence in Lafayette, two of his children came to national attention. His son Henry William Ellsworth was confirmed as United States chargé d'affaires at Stockholm, Sweden, in January 1846; and Ellsworth's daughter Annie suggested the words of the first telegraph message sent by her father's friend Samuel F. B. Morse in May 1844.
  12. ^ First Air Mail Flight
  13. ^ US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990”. United States Census Bureau. 12 februarie 2011. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Accesat la 23 aprilie 2011. 
  14. ^ Monthly Averages for Lafayette, Indiana”. The Weather Channel. http://www.weather.com/weather/wxclimatology/monthly/graph/USIN0340. Accesat la 27 ianuarie 2011. 
  15. ^ Monthly Averages for Lafayette, IN (47905)”. The Weather Channel. http://www.weather.com/weather/wxclimatology/monthly/47905. Accesat la 19 noiembrie 2011. 
  16. ^ Climatology of the United States No. 20: LAFAYETTE 8 S, IN 1971–2000”. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. http://cdo.ncdc.noaa.gov/climatenormals/clim20/in/124715.pdf. Accesat la 19 noiembrie 2011. 

Legături externe[modificare | modificare sursă]

Commons
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