Lafayette, Indiana

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Lafayette, Indiana
—  Oraș  —
City of Lafayette
Downtown Lafayette și Riehle Plaza & CityBus depot în august 2011.
Downtown Lafayette și Riehle Plaza & CityBus depot în august 2011.
Drapel
Drapel
Poreclă: "Star City"
Lafayette, Indiana se află în SUA
Lafayette, Indiana
Lafayette, Indiana
Lafayette, Indiana (SUA)
Poziția geografică
Coordonate: Coordonate: 40°25′2″N 86°52′43″V / 40.41722°N 86.87861°V / 40.41722; -86.8786140°25′2″N 86°52′43″V / 40.41722°N 86.87861°V / 40.41722; -86.87861

ȚarăSUA
StatIndiana
ComitatTippecanoe
TownshipsFairfield, Perry, Sheffield, Wea
Înființat1825
FondatorWilliam Digby
Numit dupăGilbert du Motier de La Fayette

Guvernare
 - PrimarTony Roswarski (D)

Suprafață
 - Total71.85 km²
 - Pământ71.85 km²
 - Apăkm²
Altitudine211 m.d.m.

Populație (2010)[1]
 - Oraș67140 locuitori
 - Densitate934,5 loc./km²
 - Metropolitană201.789

Fus orarEST (-5)
 - Ora de vară (DST)EDT (-4)
Cod poștal47901, 47904, 47905, 47909
Prefix telefonic765

Prezență online
http://www.lafayette.in.gov
GeoNames Modificați la Wikidata

Poziția localității Lafayette, Indiana
Poziția localității Lafayette, Indiana

Lafayette este o localitate, municipalitate și sediul comitatului, Tippecanoe, statul Indiana, Statele Unite ale Americii.[4]

Lafayette este localitatea centrală a zonei metropolitane omonime, Lafayette, Indiana, care cuprinde trei comitate ale statului, Benton, Carroll și Tippecanoe.

Conform 2010 United States Census, populația orașului Lafayette era de 67.140 locuitori, cu circa 19% mai mult față de cei 56.397 din 2000.[5]

Demografie[modificare | modificare sursă]

Evoluția numărului populației
Recensământ Pop.
18506.129
18609.38753.2%
187013.50643.9%
188014.86010.0%
189016.2439.3%
190018.11611.5%
191020.08110.8%
192022.48612.0%
193026.24016.7%
194028.7989.7%
195035.55823.5%
196042.33019.0%
197044.9556.2%
198043.011−4.3%
199043.7641.8%
200056.39728.9%
201067.14019.0%
Est. 201470.654[6]5.2%
Sursa: US Census Bureau

History[modificare | modificare sursă]

General Lafayette, 1792
Wabash River, looking North. View from the John T. Meyers pedestrian bridge, which links the cities of Lafayette and West Lafayette

When European explorers arrived at the area around what is now Tippecanoe County, it was inhabited by a tribe of Miami Indians known as the Ouiatenon or Weas. In 1717, the French government established Fort Ouiatenon across the Wabash River and three miles (5 km) south of present-day Lafayette. The fort became the center of trade for fur trappers, merchants and Indians. An annual reenactment and festival known as Feast of the Hunters' Moon takes place there each autumn.[7]

The town of Lafayette was platted in May 1825 by William Digby, a trader. It was designated as the county seat of the newly formed Tippecanoe County the following year. Like many frontier towns, Lafayette was named for General Lafayette, a French soldier who significantly aided George Washington's Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. Lafayette toured the United States in 1824 and 1825.

In its earliest days, Lafayette was a shipping center on the Wabash River. In 1838, Henry Leavitt Ellsworth, the first United States Patent Commissioner, published a booklet titled Valley of the Upper Wabash, Indiana, with Hints on Its Agricultural Advantages, to promote settlement of the region. By 1845, Ellsworth had purchased 93.000 acri (380 km2) of farmland in and around Lafayette and moved there from Connecticut to supervise land sales.[8] By 1847 Ellsworth was distributing broadsides looking for farmers to purchase his farmland.[9] He became president of the Tippecanoe County Agricultural Society in April 1851 – despite some local resentment over what was called "the Yale Crowd" – but he was defeated the same year when he ran for the Indiana House of Representatives.[10] Ellsworth Street and Ellsworth Historic District are named for the early real estate developer.[11]

The Wabash and Erie Canal in the 1840s stimulated trade and affirmed Lafayette's regional prominence. railroads arrived in the town in the 1850s, connecting it with other major markets. The Monon Railroad connected Lafayette with other sections of Indiana.

Lafayette was the site of the first official air mail delivery in the United States, which took place on August 17, 1859, when John Wise piloted a balloon starting on the Lafayette courthouse grounds. Wise hoped to reach New York; however, weather conditions forced the balloon down near Crawfordsville, Indiana, and the mail reached its final destination by train. In 1959, the U.S. Postal Service issued a 7¢ airmail stamp commemorating the centennial of the event.[12]

Geography[modificare | modificare sursă]

Lafayette is located at 40°24′38″N 86°52′29″W / 40.410585°N 86.874681°V / 40.410585; -86.874681 (40.410585, -86.874681)[13] and lies in Fairfield and Wea Townships. Elevation at the court house is 550 feet (168 m), but city elevations range from a little over 500 feet (150 m) at the Wabash River to approximately 700 feet (210 m) in the areas of Murdock Park and Columbian Park.

According to the 2010 census, Lafayette has a total area of 27,74 square milei (71,85 km2), all land.[2]

Climate and weather[modificare | modificare sursă]

In recent years, temperatures in Lafayette have ranged from an average low of 17 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −33 °F (−36 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and again in January 1994; and a record high of 105 °F (41 °C) was recorded in June 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1,58 inches (40 mm) in February to 4,24 inches (108 mm) in June.[14]

Clima[modificare | modificare sursă]

Date climatice pentru Lafayette, Indiana
Luna Ian Feb Mar Apr Mai Iun Iul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Anual
Maxima istorică °F (°C) 69
(21)
74
(23)
82
(28)
89
(32)
93
(34)
104
(40)
106
(41)
98
(37)
102
(39)
92
(33)
80
(27)
71
(22)
106
(41)
Maxima medie °F (°C) 31.6
(−0,2)
36.9
(2,7)
48.5
(9,2)
60.7
(15,9)
72.3
(22,4)
81.4
(27,4)
84.5
(29,2)
82.5
(28,1)
76.9
(24,9)
64.8
(18,2)
49.9
(9,9)
36.9
(2,7)
60.58
(15.88)
Minima medie °F (°C) 14.3
(−9,8)
18.3
(−7,6)
28.7
(−1,8)
38.7
(3,7)
49.7
(9,8)
58.9
(14,9)
62.4
(16,9)
60.4
(15,8)
52.6
(11,4)
41.3
(5,2)
31.7
(−0,2)
20.5
(−6,4)
39.79
(4.33)
Minima istorică °F (°C) −33
(−36)
−23
(−31)
−15
(−26)
4
(−16)
24
(−4)
36
(2)
42
(6)
36
(2)
26
(−3)
19
(−7)
−2
(−19)
−25
(−32)
−33
(−36)
Precipitații inches (mm) 1.91
(48.5)
1.73
(43.9)
2.98
(75.7)
3.26
(82.8)
4.18
(106.2)
4.38
(111.3)
3.91
(99.3)
3.73
(94.7)
2.78
(70.6)
2.44
(62)
3.04
(77.2)
2.56
(65)
36,90
(937,3)
Zăpadă inches (cm) 6.5
(16.5)
4.8
(12.2)
2.9
(7.4)
0.7
(1.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.3
(0.8)
0.8
(2)
5.2
(13.2)
21,2
(53,8)
Nr. de zile cu precipitații (≥ 0.01 in) 9.6 7.7 10.2 10.9 10.6 10.4 8.9 8.4 7.6 8.3 9.8 10.1 112,5
Nr. mediu de zile cu ninsoare (≥ 0.1 in) 5.3 3.3 1.7 0.3 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 0.9 3.5 15,1
Sursa nr. 1: The Weather Channel (January record high)[15]
Sursa nr. 2: NOAA[16]

Transport[modificare | modificare sursă]

Sagamore Parkway

Aeroporturi

Autostrăzi

Referințe[modificare | modificare sursă]

  1. ^ „American FactFinder”. United States Census Bureau. Accesat în . 
  2. ^ a b „G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1”. United States Census Bureau. Accesat în . 
  3. ^ „USGS detail on Lafayette”. Accesat în . 
  4. ^ „Find a County”. National Association of Counties. Accesat în . 
  5. ^ „Lafayette (city), Indiana – QuickFacts”. United States Census Bureau. Accesat în . 
  6. ^ „Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014”. Accesat în . 
  7. ^ „Feast of the Hunters' Moon”. Tippecanoe County Historical Association. Accesat în . 
  8. ^ A Day in the Life of Tippecanoe County, Tippecanoe County Historical Association
  9. ^ Guide to the Henry Leavitt Ellsworth Papers, Yale University Library
  10. ^ A Day in the Life of Tippecanoe County, Tippecanoe County Historical Association
  11. ^ During the period of Ellsworth's residence in Lafayette, two of his children came to national attention. His son Henry William Ellsworth was confirmed as United States chargé d'affaires at Stockholm, Sweden, in January 1846; and Ellsworth's daughter Annie suggested the words of the first telegraph message sent by her father's friend Samuel F. B. Morse in May 1844.
  12. ^ First Air Mail Flight
  13. ^ „US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990”. United States Census Bureau. . Accesat în . 
  14. ^ „Monthly Averages for Lafayette, Indiana”. The Weather Channel. Accesat în . 
  15. ^ „Monthly Averages for Lafayette, IN (47905)”. The Weather Channel. Accesat în . 
  16. ^ „Climatology of the United States No. 20: LAFAYETTE 8 S, IN 1971–2000” (PDF). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Accesat în . 

Legături externe[modificare | modificare sursă]

Commons
Wikimedia Commons conține materiale multimedia legate de Lafayette