|Origini stilistice||Diverse (heavy metal, glam rock, punk rock, etc)|
|Origini culturale||Japonia, începutul anilor 1980|
|Instrumente tipice||Vocal, chitară electrică, chitară bas, baterie, clape|
|Angura kei • Eroguro kei • Kote kei • Kurafu kei • Oshare kei|
|Cultura japoneză • Moda japoneză|
Visual kei (ヴィジュアル系 bijuaru kei?, lit. "visual style" sau "visual system") este o mișcare printre muzicienii japonezi, care se caracterizează prin utilizarea a diverse nivele de make-up, coafuri înfoiate și costume viu colorate, uneori însoțite de estetici androgene. Unele surse prezintă visual kei ca un gen muzical, apărut pe bază de J-Rock în rezultatul fuziunii cu glam rock, punk rock și heavy metal. Totuși, asta vine în contradicție cu faptul că visual kei interpretează diferite genuri, inclusiv de cele care nu au legătură cu rockul cum ar fi muzica electronică, pop, etc. Alte surse, includ membrii mișcării, nu într-un gen muzical, ci într-o subcultură.
Lista de trupe[modificare | modificare sursă]
- Acide Black Cherry
- Alice Nine
- An Cafe
- Buck Tick
- Dead End
- Dir En Grey
- Exist Trace
- Luna Sea
- Malice Mizer
- Moi dix Mois
- Nocturnal Bloodlust
- Plastic Tree
- Siam Shade
- The Gazette
- The Kiddie
- The Piass
- X Japan
Note[modificare | modificare sursă]
- ^ a b „Visual Kei 101 – Segment 1: the GazettE”. MTV. . Accesat în .
Visual-kei is a uniquely Japanese music scene, but it doesn’t have a specific sound – it’s more of a movement.
- ^ a b „International Music Feed feature "J Rock"”. International Music Feed. Arhivat din original la . Accesat în .
- ^ Sollee, Kristen (). „Japanese Rock on NPR”. The Big Takeover. Accesat în .
It’s a style of dress, there’s a lot of costuming and make up and it’s uniquely Japanese because it goes back to ancient Japan. Men would often wear women’s clothing...
- ^ a b Strauss, Neil (). „The Pop Life: End of a Life, End of an Era”. The New York Times. Accesat în .
For visual kei bands, outrageous, usually androgynous looks -- gobs of makeup, hair dyed and sprayed in ways that made Mohawks look conservative, and a small fortune spent on leather and jewellery -- were as important as music (or, in many cases after X, more important than music).; To a certain extent, Hide's death means the end of an era, said Steve McClure, Tokyo bureau chief for Billboard, the music-industry magazine. X were the first generation of visual kei bands, but the novelty has worn off. For the next generation of bands, it's like: That's it. The torch has been passed to us.
- ^ a b c Reesman, Brian (). „Kabuki Rock”. Grammy.com. Accesat în .
Josephine Yun, author of the book Jrock, Ink., explains that visual kei originated in the late 1970s and early 1980s as Japan's rock scene began cultivating its own identity. 'It was rock 'n roll, punk rock, glam and metal with a twist — a twist just as angry and rebellious as what came before it — but a poetic one, artistic, with painstaking attention to detail,' Yun explains. She points out that "visual kei" literally translates as "visual style" and spans a wide range of musical genres.; Musically, it can be anything: American rock, British punk, glam, metal, Euro pop, techno, new wave, electronica," explains Yun. "Visually, the influences are diverse as well: traditional Japanese dress, S&M outfits, costumes made of vinyl, leather, lace, plastic...you name it."
- ^ Suzuki, Chako (2007-01). „Pretty Babies: Japan's Undying Gothic Lolita Phenomenon”. fashionlines.com. Accesat în 2013-06-07.
Visual Kei is exactly as it sounds: Rock music that incorporates visual effects and elaborate costumes to heighten the experience of the music and the show. Visual Kei started in the 80s and became so popular by the 90s that the nearly all-female fan base started dressing up as their favorite band members (known as 'cosplay') who were often males that wore make-up, crazy hair, and dressed androgynously or as females (usually, the more feminine the rocker, the more fans rush to emulate them).Verificați datele pentru:
- ^ Heinrich, Sally (). Key Into Japan. Curriculum Corporation. p. 80. ISBN 1-86366-772-5.
- ^ Yun, Josephine (). Jrock, Ink.: A concise report on 40 of the biggest rock acts in Japan. Stone Bridge Press. ISBN 1-880656-95-7.
- ^ Heinrich, Sally (). Key Into Japan. Curriculum Corporation. p. 80. ISBN 1863667725.
- ^ Yun, Josephine (). jrock, ink.: a concise report on 40 of the biggest rock acts in Japan. Stone Bridge Press. ISBN 1880656957.
- ^ Arulvarathan, Subha (). „For those about to J-Rock”. The Carillon. Accesat în .
Visual kei is a branch of Japanese rock. It has its roots as an underground movement in the late ’80s and early ’90s and can be considered pastiche, as it aims to experiment with various established genres such as rock, punk, metal, goth and glam in an attempt to create a wholly new sound.
- ^ Minnie, Chi (). „X [Japan]: Reliving the Height of Japan's Superlative Visual Rock Band”. asiaarts.ucla.edu. Accesat în .
...a fleeting genre known to fans as 'Visual Kei'. Nonetheless, this fusion of metal, punk and gothic aesthetics ignited at least two generations of followers with its shocking visual appeal...; 'Visual Kei' as a genre has more or less expired since the late ‘90s. The music that derived from the scene has transformed and visual bands have generally subdued their appearance.
- ^ Gibson, Dave (). „Rising Sun”. Fort Worth Weekly. Accesat în .
- ^ Reesman, Bryan. (). „Kabuki Rock”. Grammy.com. Accesat în . Parametru necunoscut
- ^ Robson, Daniel (). „Shock-rock act Dir En Grey snub cartoons for cred”. The Japan Times. Accesat în .
...visual-kei, where peacockish fashion far overshadows any definitive sound.; To be honest, when we first started and we were wearing a lot of makeup on stage and stuff, there were a lot of bands doing that at the time in Japan, and people thought it was cool. But not anymore, ha ha. The music was so unique, too — bands like X Japan. At that time, there weren’t any two bands that sounded alike; these days everyone sounds exactly the same
- ^ „UnsraW interview”. JaME-World.com. . Accesat în .
[...]Visual kei is not really categorized based on the type of music...
- ^ Robson, Daniel (). „Interview with YOSHIKI in Brazil”. JaME-World.com. Accesat în .
But visual kei is more like a spirit, it’s not a music style or, you know… I think it is a freedom about describing myself, a freedom to express myself, that’s what I believe visual kei is.
- ^ „Interview with ANGELO”. JRock Revolution. . Accesat în .
Well I still don’t think “visual kei” is a name for a genre; I see it as a bigger picture, as a part of rock. The visual aspect is something for a band to set themselves apart from others, at least that’s what it was ten years ago. Now it’s more like people are dressing up a certain way because they want to be “visual kei” or look “visual kei.” They are doing it to look like others instead of doing it to look different. This is obviously very different from when we started out more than ten years ago. That’s how I see it.
- ^ „the Underneath Debuts: Interview Part 1”. JRock Revolution. . Accesat în .
Well, visual kei isn’t a genre of music; it’s used to categorize the bands that show their unique characteristics with their costumes and makeup, though sometimes the music doesn’t necessarily fit the image. Either way, it’s used to describe such bands that show their individualism through their appearance.
- ^ „Visual Kei 101 – Segment 2: the GazettE”. MTV. . Accesat în .
Visual kei isn't a genre of music.
Bibliografie[modificare | modificare sursă]
- Inoue, Takako (). Visual kei no jidai. Tokyo: Seikyūsha. ISBN 978-4787232168.
- Friederike von Gross: Visual Kei — jugendliche Musikfans im Internet; in: Kai-Uwe Hugger (HG), Digitale Jugendkulturen, Wiesbaden 2010, S. 151—167
- Marco Höhn (2008): Visual kei: Vom Wandel einer ‚japanischen Jugendkultur‘ zu einer translokalen Medienkultur. In: Tanja Thomas (Hg.): Medienkultur und soziales Handeln. Wiesbaden 2008, S. 193—207