Cerneală

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Sticle cu cerneală din Germania
Trei călimări cu cerneală și un stilou cu peniță

Cerneala este o substanță lichidă sau vâscoasă, variat colorată, care conține uleiuri sicative, uleiuri polimerizate, albumine și coloranți, folosită pentru scris, tipărit, ștampilat și gravat.

Bibliografie[modificare | modificare sursă]

  • "Think Ink!" by Sharon J. Huntington, Christian Science Monitor, September 21, 2004, retrieved January 17, 2006.
  • "A History of Technology and Invention" by Maurice Audin, page 630.
  • Ainsworth, Mitchell, C., "Inks and Their Composition and Manufacture," Charles Griffin and Company Ltd, 1904.
  • Martín-Gil J, Ramos-Sánchez MC, Martín-Gil FJ and José-Yacamán M. "Chemical composition of a fountain pen ink". Journal of Chemical Education, 2006, 83, 1476–78
  • Banerji, Sures Chandra (1989). A Companion to Sanskrit Literature. Motilal Banarsidass. ISBN 81-208-0063-X.
  • Sircar, D.C. (1996).Indian epigraphy. Motilal Banarsidass. ISBN 81-208-1166-6.
  • N.a. (1 martie 2000), „Bach Scores Turning to Dust in German Library”, American Libraries: 24–25 
  • Barrow, W.J. (1972), Manuscripts and Documents: Their Deterioration and Restoration, Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, ISBN 0813904080 
  • Reißland, Birgit; de Groot, Suzan (August 15–21, 1999), „Ink Corrosion: Comparison of the Currently Used Aqueous Treatments for Paper Objects”, Preprint from the 9th International Congress of IADA, pp. 121–129 
  • Rouchon-Quillet, V.; et al., C.; Bernard, J.; Wattiaux, A.; Fournes, L. (2004), „The Impact of Gallic Acid on Iron Gall Ink Corrosion”, Applied Physics A 79 (2): 389–392, doi:10.1007/s00339-004-2541-1 
  • Waters, C.E. (1940), Inks, U.S. Department of Commerce, National Bureau of Standards, United States Government Printing Office 
  • Cueppers, Christoph (1989). "On the Manufacture of Ink." Ancient Nepal - Journal of the Department of Archaeology, Number 113, August–September 1989, pp. 1–7. [The Tibetan text and translation of a section of the work called, Bzo gnas nyer mkho'i za ma tog by 'Jam-mgon 'Ju Mi-pham-rgya-mtsho (1846–1912) describing various traditional Tibetan techniques of making inks from different sources of soot, and from earth, puffballs, dung, ser-sha - a yellow fungus, and the fruit of tsi dra ka (Ricinus communis).]

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