Războiul Regelui Philip

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Războiul Regelui Philip
Parte a Războaielor Indiene
CaptureOfKingPhillipsFort.jpg
Informații generale
Perioadă iunie 1675 – august 1676
Loc Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Maine
Rezultat victoria coloniilor
Combatanți
Wampanoag
Nipmuck
Podunk
Narragansett
Nashaway
New England Confederation
Mohegan
Pequot
Conducători
Metacomet, Metacom sau Pometacom cunoscut ca "Regele Philip al Wampanoag",
Canonchet, șeful Narragansett
Muttawmp,șeful Nipmuck
Guv. Josiah Winslow,
Guv. John Leverett,
Guv. John Winthrop, Jr.,
Căpitan William Turner,
Căpitan Benjamin Church
Efective
approx. 3400 approx. 3500
Pierderi
3000 600
Regele Philip

Războiul Regelui Philip (uneori denumit Războiul lui Metacom, Războiul lui Metacomet sau Rebeliunea lui Metacom[1]), a fost un conflict armat între nativii americani aflați în sudul regiunii Noua Anglie de astăzi și coloniile engleze sprijinite de aliații lor nativi americani. Luptele au avut loc în perioada 1675–1676. Războiul poartă numele conducătorului nativ-americanilor, Metacomet (cunoscut și ca Metacom sau Pometacom), denumit de englezi "Regele Philip"[2]. După moartea lui Metacomet războiul a continuat în nordul regiunii Noua Anglie (mai ales la frontiera cu Maine). Sfârșitul războiului a avut loc prin semnarea unui tratat la Casco Bay în aprilie 1678[3].

Note[modificare | modificare sursă]

  1. ^ America’s Guardian Myths, op-ed by Susan Faludi, September 7, 2007. New York Times. Accessed September 6, 2007.
  2. ^ King Philip may well have been a name that he adopted, as it was common for Natives to take other names. King Philip had on several occasions signed as such and has been referred to by other natives by that name. Lepore, Jill. The Name of War: King Philip's War and the Origins of American Identity, New York: Vintage Books
  3. ^ Norton, Mary Beth. In the Devil's Snare: The Salem Witchcraft Crisis of 1692, New York: Vintage Books, 2003

Bibliografie[modificare | modificare sursă]

Surse primare[modificare | modificare sursă]

  • Easton, John, A Relation of the Indian War, by Mr. Easton, of Rhode Island, 1675 (See link below.)
  • Eliot, John, ”Indian Dialogues”: A Study in Cultural Interaction eds. James P. Rhonda and Henry W. Bowden (Greenwood Press, 1980).
  • Mather, Increase, A Brief History of the Warr with the Indians in New-England (Boston, 1676; London, 1676). (See link below.)
  • ______. Relation of the Troubles Which Have Happened in New England by Reason of the Indians There, from the Year 1614 to the Year 1675 (Kessinger Publishing, [1677] 2003).
  • ______. The History of King Philip's War by the Rev. Increase Mather, D.D.; also, a history of the same war, by the Rev. Cotton Mather, D.D.; to which are added an introduction and notes, by Samuel G. Drake(Boston: Samuel G. Drake, 1862).
  • ______. "Diary", March, 1675-December, 1676: Together with extracts from another diary by him, 1674-1687 /With introductions and notes, by Samuel A. Green (Cambridge, MA: J. Wilson, [1675-76] 1900).
  • Rowlandson, Mary, The Sovereignty and Goodness of God: with Related Documents (Bedford/St. Martin's Press, 1997).
  • Rowlandson, Mary, The Narrative of the Captivity and the Restoration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson (1682)online edition
  • Belmonte, Laura. "Edward Randolph, the Causes and Results of King Philip's War (1675)"

Surse secundare[modificare | modificare sursă]

  • Cave, Alfred A. The Pequot War (Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1996).
  • Cogley, Richard A. John Eliot's Mission to the Indians before King Philip's War (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999).
  • Hall, David. Worlds of Wonder, Days of Judgment: Popular Religious Belief in Early New England (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1990).
  • Kawashima, Yasuhide. Igniting King Philip's War: The John Sassamon Murder Trial (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2001).
  • Lepore, Jill. The Name of War: King Philip's War and the Origins of American Identity (New York: Vintage Books, 1999).
  • Mandell, Daniel R. King Philip's War: Colonial Expansion, Native Resistance, and the End of Indian Sovereignty (Johns Hopkins University Press; 2010) 176 pages
  • Norton, Mary Beth. "In the Devil's Snare: The Salem Witchcraft Crisis of 1692" (New York: Vintage Books, 2003)
  • Philbrick, Nathaniel. Mayflower: A Story of Courage, Community, and War (Penguin USA, 2006) ISBN 0-670-03760-5
  • Schultz, Eric B. and Michael J. Touglas, King Philip's War: The History and Legacy of America's Forgotten Conflict.' New York: W.W. Norton and Co., 2000.
  • Slotkin, Richard and James K. Folsom. So Dreadful a Judgement: Puritan Responses to King Philip's War. (Middletown, CT: Weysleyan University Press, 1978) ISBN 0-8195-5027-2
  • Webb, Stephen Saunders. 1676: The End of American Independence (Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1995).

Legături externe[modificare | modificare sursă]