W. C. Fields

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W. C. Fields
W. C. Fields 1938.jpg
W. C. Fields în 1938
Date personale
Nume la naștereWilliam Claude Dukenfield
Născut29 ianuarie 1880(1880-01-29)
Darby, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Decedat (66 de ani)
Pasadena, California, U.S.
ÎnmormântatForest Lawn Memorial Park[*] Modificați la Wikidata
Căsătorit cuHarriet Hughes (1900-1946) (moartea sa) 1 copil
Bessie Poole (iubită) 1 copil
Carlotta Monti (iubită)
CopiiWilliam Claude Fields, Jr.
William Morris
CetățenieFlag of the United States (1912-1959).svg SUA Modificați la Wikidata
Religieateism Modificați la Wikidata
OcupațieActor, comic, jongler, scriitor
Activitate
Alte numeCharles Bogle
Otis Criblecobble
Mahatma Kane Jeeves
"Uncle Claude"
Ani de activitate1902–1946
Partener(ă)Carlotta Monti[*]  Modificați la Wikidata
Prezență online

William Claude Dukenfield (29 ianuarie 1880[1] – 25 decembrie 1946), mai bine cunoscut ca W. C. Fields, a fost un actor american, comic, jongler și scriitor.[2]

Biografie[modificare | modificare sursă]

Carieră[modificare | modificare sursă]

Filmografie[modificare | modificare sursă]

Informațiile despre filmografia lui Fields se bazează pe cartea W. C. Fields: A Life on Film de Ronald J. Fields. Toate filmele sunt de lung metraj cu excepția celor care sunt marcate ca fiind de scurt metraj.

Premiera Titlu Rol Regizor Note
01915 1915 (film nedenumit) Rolul său Ed Wynn Film scurt prezentat ca parte a Ziegfeld Follies of 1915; film pierdut
01915-09-19 19 septembrie 1915 Pool Sharks Rechinul de piscină Edwin Middleton O rolă; poveste de W.C. Fields; existent
01915-10-03 3 octombrie 1915 His Lordship's Dilemma Remittance man William Haddock O rolă; existent? (găsită cu titluri în franceză în 2006)[necesită citare]
01924-10-27 27 octombrie 1924 Janice Meredith Un sergent britanic E. Mason Hopper existent
01925-08-02 2 august 1925 Sally of the Sawdust Professor Eustace P. McGargle D. W. Griffith existent
01925-10-07 7 octombrie 1925 That Royle Girl Tatăl lui Royle Daisy D. W. Griffith film pierdut
01926-05-24 24 mai 1926 It's the Old Army Game Elmer Prettywillie A. Edward Sutherland Poveste de J.P. McEvoy și W.C. Fields; existent
01926-10-26 26 octombrie 1926 So's Your Old Man Samuel Bisbee Gregory La Cava existent
01927-01-31 31 ianuarie 1927 The Potters Pa Potter Fred C. Newmeyer film pierdut
01927-08-20 20 august 1927 Running Wild Elmer Finch Gregory La Cava existent
01927-10-17 17 octombrie 1927 Two Flaming Youths J. G. "Gabby" Gilfoil John S. Waters film pierdut
01928-03-03 3 martie 1928 Tillie's Punctured Romance The Ringmaster A. Edward Sutherland existent?
01928-05-07 7 mai 1928 Fools for Luck Richard Whitehead Charles F. Reisner existent?
01930-08-22 22 august 1930 The Golf Specialist J. Effingham Bellwether Monte Brice Două role; Poveste de W.C. Fields (nemenționat)
01931-10-26 26 octombrie 1931 Her Majesty, Love Bela Toerrek William Dieterle
01932-07-08 8 iulie 1932 Million Dollar Legs President of Klopstokia Edward Cline
01932-10-02 2 octombrie 1932 If I Had a Million Rollo La Rue Norman Taurog
01932-10-09 9 octombrie 1932 The Dentist Rolul său Leslie Pearce Două role; Poveste de W.C. Fields (nemenționat)
01933-03-03 3 martie 1933 The Fatal Glass of Beer Mr. Snavely Clyde Bruckman Două role; Poveste de W.C. Fields (nemenționat)
01933-04-21 21 aprilie 1933 The Pharmacist Mr. Dilweg Arthur Ripley Două role; Poveste de W.C. Fields (nemenționat)
01933-06-02 2 iunie 1933 International House Profesor Quail A. Edward Sutherland
01933-06-24 24 iunie 1933 Hip Action Rolul său George Marshall O rolă
01933-07-28 28 iulie 1933 The Barber Shop Cornielius O'Hare Arthur Ripley Două role; Poveste de W.C. Fields (nemenționat)
01933-09-08 8 septembrie 1933 Hollywood on Parade No. B-2 Rolul său Louis Lewyn O rolă
01933-10-13 13 octombrie 1933 Tillie and Gus Augustus Q. Winterbottom Francis Martin Fields a contribut ca scriitor (nemenționat)
01933-10-22 22 octombrie 1933 Alice in Wonderland Humpty Dumpty Norman McLeod
01934-02-09 9 februarie 1934 Six of a Kind Șerif "Honest John" Hoxley Leo McCarey
01934-04-06 6 aprilie 1934 You're Telling Me! Sam Bisbee Erle C. Kenton Fields a contribut ca scriitor (nemenționat)
01934-04-27 27 aprilie 1934 Hollywood on Parade No. B-10 Rolul său Louis Lewyn O rolă
01934-07-13 13 iulie 1934 The Old Fashioned Way The Great (Marc Antony) McGonigle William Beaudine Poveste de "Charles Bogle" (W.C. Fields)
01934-10-19 19 octombrie 1934 Mrs. Wiggs of the Cabbage Patch Mr. C. Ellsworth Stubbins Norman Taurog
01934-11-30 30 noiembrie 1934 It's a Gift Harold Bissonette Norman McLeod Poveste originală de "Charles Bogle" (W.C. Fields)
01935-03-22 22 martie 1935 Mississippi Commodore Orlando Jackson A. Edward Sutherland
01935-07-26 26 iulie 1935 Man on the Flying Trapeze Ambrose Wolfinger Clyde Bruckman Poveste de "Charles Bogle" (W.C. Fields)
01935-10-13 13 octombrie 1935 David Copperfield Wilkins Micawber George Cukor
01936-06-19 19 iunie 1936 Poppy Professor Eustace P. McGargle A. Edward Sutherland
01938-02-18 18 februarie 1938 The Big Broadcast of 1938 T. Frothingill Bellows
S. B. Bellows
Mitchell Leisen
01939-02-17 17 februarie 1939 You Can't Cheat an Honest Man Larson E. Whipsnade George Marshall Poveste de "Charles Bogle" (W.C. Fields)
01940-02-09 9 februarie 1940 My Little Chickadee Cuthbert J. Twillie Edward Cline Scena de la bar scrisă de W.C. Fields
01940-11-29 29 noiembrie 1940 The Bank Dick Egbert Sousè Edward Cline Poveste de "Mahatma Kane Jeeves" (W.C. Fields)
01941-10-10 10 octombrie 1941 Never Give a Sucker an Even Break The Great Man Edward Cline Poveste originală de "Otis Criblecoblis" (W.C. Fields)
nelansat The Laziest Golfer Rolul său (necunoscut) Imagini filmate, dar nemontate
01942-10-30 30 octombrie 1942 Tales of Manhattan Professor Postlewhistle Julien Duvivier Secvența cu Fields a fost tăiată din montajul original, restaurată pentru home video (VHS)
01944-05-05 5 mai 1944 Follow the Boys Rolul său A. Edward Sutherland Fields a reînviat vechiul lui truc cu masa de biliard
01944-06-21 21 iunie 1944 Song of the Open Road Rolul său S. Sylvan Simon Fields a jonglat pentru câteva momente
01944-06-30 30 iunie 1944 Sensations of 1945 Rolul său Andrew L. Stone Fields a reînviat o parte din vechea sa schiță "Caledonian Express"

Referințe și note[modificare | modificare sursă]

  1. ^ "Conflicts over the true facts of W.C. Fields' life begin at the moment he was born. His original biographer, Taylor, even got this wrong, dating his birth at 9 April 1879, which would have made him an authentic bastard, as his parents were only married on 18 May of the same year. According to family lore, the Great Man was born on 29 January 1880". Louvish, Simon Man on the Flying Trapeze: The Life and Times of W. C. Fields. Faber & Faber, 1999. ISBN 0-393-04127-1 p. 28.
  2. ^ Obituary Variety, January 1, 1947, page 46.

Bibliografie[modificare | modificare sursă]

  • W. C. Fields, Fields for President (1940, 1971) Dodd, Mead ISBN 0-396-06419-1. (Humorous essays about Fields's stance on marriage, politics, finance, etc.)
  • Robert Lewis Taylor, W.C. Fields: His Follies and Fortunes (1949) Doubleday & Co., (1967) New American Library ISBN 0-451-50653-7. (First book biography, with many firsthand quotes from friends and colleagues)
  • Gene Fowler, Minutes of the Last Meeting (1954) Viking Press
  • Eddie Cantor, As I Remember Them (1963) Duell, Sloan & Pearce
  • Donald Deschner (ed.), The Films of W.C. Fields (1966, 2000) Citadel Press
  • Corey Ford, "The One and Only W.C. Fields" from The Time of Laughter (1967) Little, Brown
  • William K. Everson, The Art of W.C. Fields (1967) Random House ISBN 0-517-01232-4. (First book-length examination of the Fields films)
  • Richard J. Anobile (ed.), Drat!: Being the Encapsulated View of Life by W. C. Fields in His Own Words (1968) World Publishing
  • David Robinson, The Great Funnies: A History of Film Comedy (1969) E.P. Dutton
  • Jan Kindler, "Elysian Fields" from Playboy (March 1969)
  • Bosley Crowther, "W.C. Fields Comedy Festival" from New York Times Film Reviews, 1959–1968 (1970) Arno Press
  • Andre Sennwald, capsule reviews from New York Times Film Reviews, 1932–1938 (1970) Arno Press
  • Raymond Durgnat, "Suckers and Soaks" from The Crazy Mirror: Hollywood Comedy and the American Image (1970) Dell Publishing
  • Andrew Bergman, "Some Anarcho-Nihilist Laff Riots" from We're in the Money: Depression America and Its Films (1971) New York University Press
  • Otis Ferguson, "The Great McGonigle" from The Film Criticism of Otis Ferguson (1971) Temple University Press
  • Carlotta Monti (with Cy Rice), W.C. Fields and Me (1971) Prentice-Hall, ISBN 978-0139444548. (basis of the 1976 film starring Rod Steiger)
  • Richard J, Anobile (ed.), A Flask of Fields: Verbal and Visual Gems from the Films of W.C. Fields (1972) W.W. Norton
  • Leonard Maltin, Selected Short Subjects (first published as The Great Movie Shorts, 1972) Crown Publishers, (revised 1983) Da Capo Press
  • Ronald J. Fields (ed.), W.C. Fields by Rolul său: His Intended Autobiography with Hitherto Unpublished Letters, Notes, Scripts and Articles (1973) Prentice-Hall ISBN 0-13-944462-9.
  • W. C. Fields (with Charles Grayson), The Bank Dick (1973) Simon & Schuster (the August 22, 1940 screenplay)
  • W. C. Fields (with John T. Neville, et al.), Never Give a Sucker an Even Break (Rupert Hughes, et al.) Tillie and Gus (1973) Simon & Schuster (Continuity scripts derived from these films)
  • Penelope Gilliatt, "To W.C. Fields, Dyspeptic Mumbler, Who Invented His Own Way Out" from Unholy Fools: Wits, Comics, Disturbers of the Peace (1973) Viking Press
  • Gerald Mast, The Comic Mind: Comedy and the Movies (1973, 2nd ed. 1979) University of Chicago Press
  • Donald W. McCaffrey, "The Latter-Day Falstaff" from The Golden Age of Sound Comedy (1973) A.S. Barnes
  • Nicholas Yanni, W.C. Fields (1974) Pyramid Library
  • Richard J. Anobile (ed.), Godfrey Daniels!: Verbal and Visual Gems from the Film scurts of W. C. Fields (1975) Crown
  • Walter Kerr, The Silent Clowns (1975) Alfred A. Knopf, (1990) Da Capo Press
  • Stuart Byron and Elizabeth Weis (eds.), The National Society of Film Critics on Movie Comedy (1977) Grossman/Viking
  • Leonard Maltin, The Great Movie Comedians (1978) Crown
  • Will Fowler, The Second Handshake (1980) Lyle Stuart
  • Louise Brooks, "The Other Face of W.C. Fields" from Lulu in Hollywood (1982) Alfred A. Knopf
  • Ronald J. Fields, W.C. Fields: A Life on Film (1984) St. Martin's Press
  • Wes D. Gehring, W.C. Fields: A Bio-Bibliography (1984) Greenwood Press
  • Gerald Weales, Canned Goods as Caviar: American Film Comedy of the 1930s (1985) University of Chicago Press
  • David T. Rocks, W.C. Fields: An Annotated Guide (1993) McFarland & Co.
  • Wes D. Gehring, Groucho and W.C. Fields: Huckster Comedians (1994) University Press of Mississippi
  • Simon Louvish, It's a Gift (1994) British Film Institute
  • Simon Louvish, Man on the Flying Trapeze: The Life and Times of W.C. Fields (1999) Faber & Faber ISBN 0-393-04127-1. (New biography with new research)
  • Ronald J. Fields with Shaun O'L. Higgins, Never Give a Sucker an Even Break: W.C. Fields on Business (2000) Prentice-Hall
  • James Curtis, W.C. Fields: A Biography (2003) Alfred A. Knopf ISBN 0-375-40217-9. (The definitive, comprehensive biography, with many "apocryphal" stories from previous bios corrected)
  • Scott MacGillivray and Jan MacGillivray, Gloria Jean: A Little Bit of Heaven (2005) iUniverse ISBN 978-0-595-67454-1. (Authorized biography with recollections of Fields at work)
  • Wes D. Gehring, Film Clowns of the Depression (2007) McFarland & Co.
  • Gregory William Mank (et al.), Hollywood's Hellfire Club (2007) Feral House

Legături externe[modificare | modificare sursă]

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