Provinciile Iranului

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Iranul este împărțit în 30 de provincii.

  1. Teheran
  2. Qom
  3. Markazi
  4. Qazvīn
  5. Gilan
  6. Ardabil
  7. Zanjan
  8. Azarbaidjanul de Est
  9. Azarbaidjanul de Vest
  10. Kurdistan
  11. Hamadān
  12. Kermanshah
  13. Īlām
  14. Lorestān
  15. Khūzestān
  1. Chahar Mahaal-o-Bakhtiari
  2. Kohkiluyeh-o-Boyer Ahmad
  3. Bushehr
  4. Fars
  5. Hormozgān
  6. Sistan-o-Balouchestan
  7. Kermān
  8. Yazd
  9. Esfahan
  10. Semnan
  11. Mazandaran
  12. Golestan
  13. Khorasan-e-shomali (de Nord)
  14. Khorasan-e-razavi
  15. Khorasan-e-jonubi (de sud)
IranNumbered.png

Statistici[modificare | modificare sursă]

Provincie Capitală Suprafață[1] Populație[2] Density
(population/km²)
Shahrestans (comitate) Note Hartă
Alborz Karaj 5.833 km2 (2.252 mi2) 2.412.513 413.6 locuitori pe kilometru pătrat (1,071 loc./mi2) 4 Până la 23 iunie 2010, Alborz a făcut parte din provincia Teheran. IranAlborz.png
Ardabil Ardabil 17.800 km2 (6.873 mi2) 1.248.488 70.1 locuitori pe kilometru pătrat (182 loc./mi2) 9 Până în 1993, Ardabil a făcut parte din provincia Azerbaidjanul de Est.[3] IranArdabil.png
Azerbaidjanul de Est Tabriz 45.650 km2 (17.626 mi2) 3.724.620 82.3 locuitori pe kilometru pătrat (213 loc./mi2) 19 IranEastAzerbaijan.png
Azerbaijan, West Urmia 37.437 km2 (14.455 mi2) 3.080.576 78.8 locuitori pe kilometru pătrat (204 loc./mi2) 14 During the Pahlavi Dynasty Urmia was known as Rezaiyeh.[4] IranWestAzerbaijan.png
Bushehr Bushehr 22.743 km2 (8.781 mi2) 1.032.949 45.4 locuitori pe kilometru pătrat (118 loc./mi2) 9 Originally part of Fars province. Until 1977, the province was known as Khalij-e Fars (Persian Gulf).[5] IranBushehr.png
Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari Shahrekord 16.332 km2 (6.306 mi2) 895.263 54.8 locuitori pe kilometru pătrat (142 loc./mi2) 6 Până în 1973 was part of Isfahan province.[6] IranChaharMahaalBakhtiari.png
Fars Shiraz 122.608 km2 (47.339 mi2) 4.596.658 37.5 locuitori pe kilometru pătrat (97 loc./mi2) 23 IranFars.png
Gilan Rasht 14.042 km2 (5.422 mi2) 2.480.874 176.7 locuitori pe kilometru pătrat (458 loc./mi2) 16 IranGilan.png
Golestan Gorgan 20.195 km2 (7.797 mi2) 1.777.014 88.0 locuitori pe kilometru pătrat (228 loc./mi2) 11 On the 31 May 1997, the shahrestans of Aliabad, Gonbad-e-kavus, Gorgan, Kordkuy, Minudasht, and Torkaman were separated from Mazandaran province to form Golestan province. Gorgan was called Esteraba or Astarabad until 1937.[5] IranGolestan.png
Hamadan Hamadan 19.368 km2 (7.478 mi2) 1.758.268 90.8 locuitori pe kilometru pătrat (235 loc./mi2) 8 Originally part of Kermanshah province.[5] IranHamadan.png
Hormozgān Bandar Abbas 70.669 km2 (27.285 mi2) 1.578.183 22.3 locuitori pe kilometru pătrat (58 loc./mi2) 11 Originally part of Kerman province.[5] Until 1977, the province was known as Banader va Jazayer-e Bahr-e Oman (Ports and Islands of the Sea of Oman).[5] IranHormozgan.png
Ilam Ilam 20.133 km2 (7.773 mi2) 557.599 27.7 locuitori pe kilometru pătrat (72 loc./mi2) 7 Originally part of Kermanshah province.[5] IranIlam.png
Isfahan Isfahan 107.029 km2 (41.324 mi2) 4.879.312 45.6 locuitori pe kilometru pătrat (118 loc./mi2) 21 In 1986, some parts of Markazi province were transferred to Isfahan, Semnan, and Zanjan provinces.[5] IranEsfahan.png
Kerman Kerman 180.836 km2 (69.821 mi2) 2.938.988 16.3 locuitori pe kilometru pătrat (42 loc./mi2) 14 IranKerman.png
Kermanshah Kermanshah 24.998 km2 (9.652 mi2) 1.945.227 77.8 locuitori pe kilometru pătrat (202 loc./mi2) 13 Between 1950 and 1979, both Kermanshah province and city were known as Kermanshahan and between 1979 and 1995 were known as Bakhtaran.[5] IranKermanshah.png
Khorasan, North Bojnourd 28.434 km2 (10.978 mi2) 867.727 30.5 locuitori pe kilometru pătrat (79 loc./mi2) 6 On 29 September 2004, Khorasan was divided into three provinces. North Khorasan; Razavi Khorasan; South Khorasan.[7] IranNorthKhorasan.png
Khorasan, Razavi Mashhad 144.681 km2 (55.862 mi2) 5.994.402 41.4 locuitori pe kilometru pătrat (107 loc./mi2) 29 On 29 September 2004, Khorasan was divided into three provinces. North Khorasan; Razavi Khorasan; South Khorasan.[7] IranRazaviKhorasan.png
Khorasan, South Birjand 69.555 km2 (26.855 mi2) 662.534 9.5 locuitori pe kilometru pătrat (25 loc./mi2) 8 On 29 September 2004, Khorasan was divided into three provinces. North Khorasan; Razavi Khorasan; South Khorasan.[7] IranSouthKhorasan.png
Khuzestan Ahvaz 64,055 km2 (24,732 mi2) 4.345.607 67.8 locuitori pe kilometru pătrat (176 loc./mi2) 18 IranKhuzestan.png
Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Yasuj 15.504 km2 (5.986 mi2) 658.629 42.5 locuitori pe kilometru pătrat (110 loc./mi2) 5 Originally part of Khuzestan province. Until 1990, the province was known as Bovir Ahmadi and Kohkiluyeh.[5] IranKohkiluyehBuyerAhmad.png
Kurdistan Sanandaj 29.137 km2 (11.250 mi2) 1.493.645 51.3 locuitori pe kilometru pătrat (133 loc./mi2) 9 Originally part of Gilan province.[5] IranKurdistan.png
Lorestan Khorramabad 28.294 km2 (10.924 mi2) 1.754.243 62.0 locuitori pe kilometru pătrat (161 loc./mi2) 9 Originally part of Khuzestan province.[5] IranLorestan.png
Markazi Arak 29.130 km2 (11.247 mi2) 1.413.959 48.5 locuitori pe kilometru pătrat (126 loc./mi2) 10 Originally part of Mazandaran province.[5] In 1986, some parts of Markazi province were transferred to Isfahan, Semnan, and Zanjan provinces.[5] IranMarkazi.png
Mazandaran Sari 23.701 km2 (9.151 mi2) 3.073.943 129.7 locuitori pe kilometru pătrat (336 loc./mi2) 15 IranMazandaran.png
Qazvin Qazvin 15.549 km2 (6.004 mi2) 1.201.565 77.3 locuitori pe kilometru pătrat (200 loc./mi2) 5 On 31 December 1996, the shahrestans of Qazvin and Takestan were separated from Zanjan province to form the province of Qazvin.[5] IranQazvin.png
Qom Qom 11.526 km2 (4.450 mi2) 1.151.672 99.9 locuitori pe kilometru pătrat (259 loc./mi2) 1 Până în 1995, Qom was a shahrestan of Tehran province.[5] IranQom.png
Semnan Semnan 97.491 km2 (37.641 mi2) 631.218 6.5 locuitori pe kilometru pătrat (17 loc./mi2) 4 Originally part of Mazandaran province.[5] In 1986, some parts of Markazi province were transferred to Isfahan, Semnan, and Zanjan provinces.[5] IranSemnan.png
Sistan și Baluchestan Zahedan 181.785 km2 (70.188 mi2) 2.534.327 13.9 locuitori pe kilometru pătrat (36 loc./mi2) 8 Până în 1986, the province was known as Baluchestan and Sistan.[5] IranSistanBaluchistan.png
Teheran Teheran 18.814 km2 (7.264 mi2) 12.183.391 647.6 locuitori pe kilometru pătrat (1,677 loc./mi2) 13 Până în 1986, Tehran was part of Markazi province. IranTehran.png
Yazd Yazd 129.285 km2 (49.917 mi2) 1.074.428 8.3 locuitori pe kilometru pătrat (21 loc./mi2) 10 Originally part of Isfahan province.[6] In 1986, part of Kerman province was transferred to Yazd province. In 2002, Tabas shahrestan (area: 55.344 km²) was transferred from Khorasan province to Yazd.[5] IranYazd.png
Zanjan Zanjan 21.773 km2 (8.407 mi2) 1.015.734 46.6 locuitori pe kilometru pătrat (121 loc./mi2) 7 Originally part of Gilan province. In 1986, some parts of Markazi province were transferred to Isfahan, Semnan, and Zanjan provinces.[5] IranZanjan.png
Iran (Total) Teheran 1,628,554 km2 (628,788 mi2) 75.149.669 46.1 locuitori pe kilometru pătrat (119 loc./mi2) 342 IranBlank.png

Referințe[modificare | modificare sursă]

  1. ^ Statistical Centre, Government of Iran. „General Characteristics of Ostans according to their administrative divisions at the end of 1383 (2005 CE). http://www.sci.org.ir/Englishold/SEL/F1/S1_4S.htm. Accesat la 30 aprilie 2006.  [nefuncțională]
  2. ^ Statistical Centre, Government of Iran. „Selected Findings of the 2011 National Population and Housing Census, Table 13. Population by sex, residence status and province. http://www.amar.org.ir/Portals/1/Iran/90.pdf. Accesat la 28 septembrie 2013. 
  3. ^ Chamber Society, Iranian. „Ardabil. http://www.iranchamber.com/provinces/06_ardabil/06_ardabil.php. Accesat la 23 iulie 2008. 
  4. ^ Urmia. http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/world/A0850203.html. Accesat la 23 iulie 2008. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Gwillim Law, Statoids website. „Provinces of Iran. http://www.statoids.com/uir.html. Accesat la 30 aprilie 2006. 
  6. ^ a b Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari, Ostandarie. „Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari Province. http://www.ostan-cb.ir/default.aspx?page=185. Accesat la 23 iulie 2008. 
  7. ^ a b c Online edition, Al-Jazeera Satellite Network. „Iran breaks up largest province. http://english.aljazeera.net/NR/exeres/2B2C2624-ECBE-473A-AF89-A62AF91E7550.htm. Accesat la 30 aprilie 2006. 

Legături externe[modificare | modificare sursă]

Commons
Wikimedia Commons conține materiale multimedia legate de Provinciile Iranului
Site-uri oficiale ale provinciilor