Symphonic black metal

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Symphonic black metal
Origini stilistice Black metal, symphonic metal
Origini culturale Începutul anilor 1990, Norvegia
Instrumente tipice Chitară electrică, chitară bas, baterie, clape, vioară, chitară acustică, și alte instrumente acustice și electronice
Popularitate Moderată
Alte subiecte
Black metal melodic

Symphonic black metal sau black metal simfonic, este un subgen de black metal, apărut în prima jumătate a anilor 1990, care include elemente simfonice și orchestrale.[1]

Caracteristici[modificare | modificare sursă]

Subgen al black metalului, black metalul simfonic încorporează pe lângă instrumentele standard și elemente orchestrale. În această categorie se include o stație muzicală care este în așa fel setată încât să poată reproduce o atmosferă pseudo-simfonică (pian, orgă, cor etc.) sau o întreagă orchestră. Unele formații precum Carach Angren au introdus și instrumente solo ca vioara pe lângă trăsăturile orchestrale virtuale. Vocalele sunt în general de operă, iar structura melodiilor este definită, respectiv inspirată de simfonii, deși nu aspiră la arta muzicală occidentală (sonată, rondel), ci se centrează pe riff-uri de chitară. Majoritatea caracteristicilor tradiționale regăsite în black metal sunt inexistente în acest subgen (vocale dure, tempourile rapide).

Istoria[modificare | modificare sursă]

Termenul de simfonic black metal este cel mai reprezentativ pentru acest stil european care a intrat pe piața muzicală la mijlocul anilor a€™90. Literar vorbind, nu este simfonic; definirea lui prin aceasta noțiune se referă strict la sunetele dramatice create de intrumental, iar legătura sa cu black metalul este aproape de nevazaut. Numeroase formații care au abordat acest gen au început prin a cântă black metal. Ele își au originea în scena black metal norvegiană, inspirate fiind de materialele care conțin linii melodice triste spre deosebire de sunetul dur abordat la început. Unii au început să introducă elemente de rock progresiv (în special de space-rock psihedelic ca cel realizat de Pink Floyd) și de gotic metal[2].

Listă de formații symphonic black metal notabile[modificare | modificare sursă]


Formația Țara Înființare Note
Abigail Williams Statele Unite 2005 [3]
...And Oceans Finlanda 1995 [4][5]
Anorexia Nervosa Franța 1995 [6]
Apostasy Suedia 2000 [7]
Bal-Sagoth Anglia 1993 [8][9]
Carpathian Forest Norvegia 1992 [10]
Catamenia Finlanda 1995 [11]
Chthonic Taiwan 1995 [12]
Cradle of Filth Anglia 1991 [13]
Crimson Moonlight Suedia 1997 [14]
Darkend Italy 2006 [15]
Darzamat Polonia 1995 [16]
Diabolical Masquerade Suedia 1995 [17]
Dimmu Borgir Norvegia 1993 [18][19]
Dragonlord Statele Unite 2000 [20]
Emperor Norvegia 1991 [21]
Equilibrium Germania 2001 [22]
Gehenna Norvegia 1993 [23]
Graveworm Italia 1992 [24]
Hecate Enthroned Anglia 1993 [25]
Limbonic Art Norvegia 1993 [26]
Opera IX Italia 1988 [27]
Shade Empire Finlanda 1999 [28][29]
Stormlord Italia 1991 [30]
Tiamat Suedia 1988 [31]
Tvangeste Rusia 1996 [32]
Twilight Ophera Finlanda 1996 [33]
Vaakevandring Norvegia 1999 [34]
Vesania Polonia 1997 [35]

Referințe și note[modificare | modificare sursă]

  1. ^ Symphonic Black Metal : Significant Albums, Artists and Songs, Most Viewed : AllMusic”. AllMusic. http://www.allmusic.com/style/symphonic-black-metal-ma0000012290. Accesat la 2 septembrie 2012. 
  2. ^ Black Metal Simfonic pe allmusic.com
  3. ^ Henderson, Alex. „In the Shadow of a Thousand Suns - Abigail Williams : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards : AllMusic”. AllMusic. http://www.allmusic.com/album/in-the-shadow-of-a-thousand-suns-mw0000799532. Accesat la 2 septembrie 2012. „[...] In the Shadow of 1000 Suns is more in the symphonic black metal vein.” 
  4. ^ Loftus, Johnny. „...And Oceans - Music Biography, Credits and Discography : AllMusic”. AllMusic. http://www.allmusic.com/artist/and-oceans-mn0000025139. Accesat la 2 septembrie 2012. 
  5. ^ Anderson, Jason. „A.M. G.O.D.: Allotropic/Metamorphic Genesis of Disorphism - ...And Oceans : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards : AllMusic”. AllMusic. http://www.allmusic.com/album/am-god-allotropic-metamorphic-genesis-of-dismorphism-mw0000625647. Accesat la 2 septembrie 2012. 
  6. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. „Anorexia Nervosa - Music Biography, Credits and Discography : AllMusic”. AllMusic. http://www.allmusic.com/artist/anorexia-nervosa-mn0000593838. Accesat la 2 septembrie 2012. „...establishing themselves as a symphonic black metal force to be reckoned with.” 
  7. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. „Apostasy - Music Biography, Credits and Discography : AllMusic”. AllMusic. http://www.allmusic.com/artist/apostasy-mn0000926951. Accesat la 2 septembrie 2012. „Sweden's Apostasy was formed in 1994 and performs keyboard-laden symphonic black metal inspired by the likes of Dimmu Borgir and Arcturus.” 
  8. ^ Huey, Steve. „The Power Cosmic - Bal-Sagoth : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards : AllMusic”. AllMusic. http://www.allmusic.com/album/the-power-cosmic-mw0000672739. Accesat la 2 septembrie 2012. 
  9. ^ Henderson, Alex. „The Chthonic Chronicles - Bal-Sagoth : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards : AllMusic”. AllMusic. http://www.allmusic.com/album/the-chthonic-chronicles-mw0000428206. Accesat la 2 septembrie 2012. „[...] The Chthonic Chronicles underscores the ambitious nature of the symphonic black metal style.” 
  10. ^ Serba, John. „Defending the Throne of Evil - Carpathian Forest : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards : AllMusic”. AllMusic. http://www.allmusic.com/album/defending-the-throne-of-evil-mw0000023667. Accesat la 2 septembrie 2012. „...Defending the Throne of Evil just falls in with the rest of the symphonic black metal pack.” 
  11. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. „Catamenia - Music Biography, Credits and Discography : AllMusic”. AllMusic. http://www.allmusic.com/artist/catamenia-mn0000631305. Accesat la 2 septembrie 2012. „Finland became a surprising hotbed of heavy metal talent during the late '90s, and symphonic black metal act Catamenia certainly ranks among the most consistent – if not commercially successful – of these.” 
  12. ^ Prato, Greg. „Seediq Bale - Chthonic : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards : AllMusic”. AllMusic. http://www.allmusic.com/album/seediq-bale-mw0000545909. Accesat la 2 septembrie 2012. „Symphonic black metal will always be first and foremost associated with Norway, a locale that seems to spawn a new band sporting ghoulish face paint every bloody day. But by 2007, the style had long crossed over into other faraway territories, as evidenced by the emergence of Taiwan's Chthonic.” 
  13. ^ Bregman, Adam. „Midian - Cradle of Filth : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards : AllMusic”. AllMusic. http://www.allmusic.com/album/midian-mw0000103260. Accesat la 2 septembrie 2012. 
  14. ^ Van Pelt, Doug (1 august 2010). „Top 100 Christian Metal Albums of All Time”. Heaven's Metal: 8. http://www.hmmagazine.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/08/booklet.pdf. Accesat la 2 septembrie 2012. 
  15. ^ DarkEnd”. Metallized. 1 iulie 2012. http://www.metallized.it/articolo.php?id=1521. 
  16. ^ Prato, Greg. „Transkarpatia - Darzamat : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards : AllMusic”. AllMusic. http://www.allmusic.com/album/transkarpatia-mw0000584142. Accesat la 2 septembrie 2012. „Symphonic black metal comes from all points of the globe, but it seems to have truly taken hold in Europe circa the early 21st century, as an avalanche of similarly styled bands began sprouting up from this particular locale. And one of Poland's leading entries into the symphonic black metal sweepstakes turned out to be the six-piece Darzamat.” 
  17. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. „Diabolical Masquerade - Music Biography, Credits and Discography : AllMusic”. AllMusic. http://www.allmusic.com/artist/diabolical-masquerade-mn0000821191. Accesat la 2 septembrie 2012. „...Sweden's Diabolical Masquerade released a string of symphonic and misanthropic black metal albums...” 
  18. ^ Serba, John. „Death Cult Armageddon - Dimmu Borgir : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards : AllMusic”. AllMusic. http://www.allmusic.com/album/death-cult-armageddon-mw0000322109. Accesat la 2 septembrie 2012. 
  19. ^ Jurek, Thom. „In Sorte Diaboli - Dimmu Borgir : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards : AllMusic”. AllMusic. http://www.allmusic.com/album/in-sorte-diaboli-mw0000480592. Accesat la 2 septembrie 2012. „Dimmu Borgir's brand of symphonic black metal...” 
  20. ^ Wiederhorn, Jon. The New (Old) Order. Revolver. http://books.google.com/books?id=GfoDAAAAMBAJ&pg=PT85&dq=%22dragonlord%22+%22symphonic+black+metal%22#v=onepage&q=%22dragonlord%22%20%22symphonic%20black%20metal%22&f=false. Accesat la 30 septembrie 2009 
  21. ^ Angle, Brad. „Emperor of the North”. Guitar World. 
  22. ^ Henderson, Alex. „Sagas - Equilibrium : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards : AllMusic”. AllMusic. http://www.allmusic.com/album/sagas-mw0000789619. Accesat la 2 septembrie 2012. „Equilibrium's folk metal/symphonic black metal attack isn't just about intensity; it is also about craftsmanship.” 
  23. ^ Björn Thorsten Jaschinski: GEHENNA „Murder“ Re-Release, 28 July 2012, accessed on 14 January 2013.
  24. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. „Graveworm - Music Biography, Credits and Discography : AllMusic”. AllMusic. http://www.allmusic.com/artist/graveworm-mn0000662059. Accesat la 2 septembrie 2012. „Since forming in 1992, Italy's Graveworm have unleashed a number of very sophisticated gothic-symphonic black metal albums...” 
  25. ^ Henderson, Alex. „Redimus - Hecate Enthroned : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards : AllMusic”. AllMusic. http://www.allmusic.com/album/redimus-mw0000301961. Accesat la 2 septembrie 2012. „Redimus is neither the best nor the worst that symphonic black metal and melodic death metal have to offer...” 
  26. ^ Serba, John. „The Ultimate Death Worship - Limbonic Art : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards : AllMusic”. AllMusic. http://www.allmusic.com/album/the-ultimate-death-worship-mw0000225161. Accesat la 2 septembrie 2012. „The relatively lo-fi, but still clear, production lends the songs a grainy nastiness that's integral to the overall feel of the record, which strongly represents the ugly, pockmarked side of symphonic black metal.” 
  27. ^ Henderson, Alex. „Anphisbena - Opera IX : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards : AllMusic”. AllMusic. http://www.allmusic.com/album/anphisbena-mw0000258752. Accesat la 2 septembrie 2012. „[...] Cadaveria did her part to make Opera IX one of the more unusual bands in symphonic black metal...” 
  28. ^ Henderson, Alex. „Sinethic - Shade Empire : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards : AllMusic”. AllMusic. http://www.allmusic.com/album/sinthetic-mw0000263032. Accesat la 2 septembrie 2012. „[...] But these guys take it a step further, providing music that is elaborate even by symphonic black metal standards.” 
  29. ^ MusicMight :: Artists :: Shade Empire”. musicmight.com. http://www.musicmight.com/artist/finland/kuopio/shade+empire. Accesat la 2 septembrie 2012. 
  30. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. „Stormlord - Music Biography, Credits and Discography : AllMusic”. AllMusic. http://www.allmusic.com/artist/stormlord-mn0000949451. Accesat la 2 septembrie 2012. „...before turning their collective gaze northwards to Scandinavia's bustling extreme metal scene. There they found like-minded accomplices in up-and-coming symphonic black metal bands like Dimmu Borgir and Borknagar...” 
  31. ^ Huey, Steve. „Tiamat - Music Biography, Credits and Discography : AllMusic”. AllMusic. http://www.allmusic.com/artist/tiamat-mn0000588536. Accesat la 2 septembrie 2012. „Over the course of the 1990s, Sweden's Tiamat evolved from a typical death metal outfit into one of the leading lights in 'symphonic' black metal.” 
  32. ^ Tvangeste - Music Biography, Credits and Discography : AllMusic. http://www.allmusic.com/artist/tvangeste-mn0000205887. Accesat la 30 iulie 2013. „Tvangeste was formed in 1996 in Kaliningrad, Russia, and its line-up at the time consisted of Miron Chirva, Edgar, Nikolay "Kok" Kazmin (of Candle in the Dark) and...” 
  33. ^ The End of the Halcyon Age - Twilight Opera : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards : AllMusic”. AllMusic. http://www.allmusic.com/album/the-end-of-the-halcyon-age-mw0000655839. Accesat la 2 septembrie 2012. „Twilight Ophera isn't terribly distinctive – plenty of other symphonic black metal bands have favored this type of sound in the Nordic countries...” 
  34. ^ MusicMight :: Artists :: Vaakevandring”. musicmight.com. http://www.musicmight.com/artist/norway/vaakevandring. Accesat la 2 septembrie 2012. 
  35. ^ Mason, Stewart. „Firefrost Arcanum - Vesania : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards : AllMusic”. AllMusic. http://www.allmusic.com/album/firefrost-arcanum-mw0000695769. Accesat la 2 septembrie 2012. „[...] Firefrost Arcanum, an album so hugely, unapologetically over the top that at first it almost sounds like a deadpan parody of symphonic black metal.”