Președinte ales al Statelor Unite ale Americii

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Președinte ales al Statelor Unite ale Americii, conform originalului, [The] President-elect of the United States, este o persoană aleasă pentru funcția de Președinte al Statelor Unite ale Americii, dar care nu a prelut încă funcția. Președinții Statelor Unite ale Americii sunt aleși de către Colegiul Electoral (conform originalului, Electoral College în luna decembrie a aceluiași an în care au avut loc alegerile, care se țin în prima zi de marți după o zi de luni din noiembrie. Astfel de persoane sunt numite Președinți aleși în perioada dintre alegerea lor efectivă în funcție și inaugurarea the December following a general election. Such persons are referred to as "President-elect" in the period between their election to office and the inauguration on January 20. If a majority of electors chosen in November's general election support a candidate it is common to refer to that candidate as "President-elect" before the Electoral College has actually voted. Sitting Presidents who have been re-elected, and Vice-Presidents who have succeeded to the office of President through death or resignation of a previous President, are not referred to as "Presidents-elect".

The current President-elect of the United States is Barack Obama of Illinois.

Criterii constituționale[modificare | modificare sursă]

Rolul Colegiului Electoral - Electoral College[modificare | modificare sursă]

Rolul Congresului[modificare | modificare sursă]

Succesiunea în cazul președintelui ales[modificare | modificare sursă]

Tranzițiile prezidențiale[modificare | modificare sursă]

Recent Presidents-elect have assembled Presidential transition teams to prepare for a smooth transfer of power following the inauguration. Outgoing Presidents have worked closely with the President-elect on important policy matters during the last two months of the President's term to ensure a smooth transition and continuity of operations that have significant national interests. Before the ratification of the Twentieth Amendment in 1933, which moved the start of the Presidential term to January, the President-elect did not assume office until March, four months after the popular election.

Presidents-elect and Vice Presidents-elect receive protection from the United States Secret Service, though they may already have received such protection during the election campaign.

Listă a președinților aleși ai Statelor Unite ale Americii[modificare | modificare sursă]

Party shadings
None
Federalist
Democratic-Republican
Democratic
Whig
Republican
Order Name From To
1 George Washington January 10, 1789 April 30, 1789
2 John Adams 1796 March 4, 1797
3 Thomas Jefferson February 17, 1801[1] March 4, 1801
4 James Madison 1808 March 4, 1809
5 James Monroe 1816 March 4, 1817
6 John Quincy Adams February 9, 1825[2] March 4, 1825
7 Andrew Jackson December 3, 1828 March 4, 1829
8 Martin Van Buren December 7, 1836 March 4, 1837
9 William Henry Harrison December 2, 1840 March 4, 1841
10 James Polk December 4, 1844 March 4, 1845
11 Zachary Taylor November 7, 1848 March 4, 1849[3]
12 Franklin Pierce November 2, 1852 March 4, 1853
13 James Buchanan November 4, 1856 March 4, 1857
14 Abraham Lincoln November 6, 1860 March 4, 1861
15 Ulysses Grant November 3, 1868 March 4, 1869
16 Rutherford Hayes March 2, 1877[4] March 4, 1877[5]
17 James Garfield November 2, 1880 March 4, 1881
18 Grover Cleveland November 4, 1884 March 4, 1885
19 Benjamin Harrison November 6, 1888 March 4, 1889
20 Grover Cleveland November 8, 1892 March 4, 1893
21 William McKinley November 3, 1896 March 4, 1897
22 William Taft November 3, 1908 March 4, 1909
23 Woodrow Wilson November 5, 1912 March 4, 1913
24 Warren Harding November 2, 1920 March 4, 1921
25 Herbert Hoover November 6, 1928 March 4, 1929
26 Franklin D. Roosevelt November 8, 1932 March 4, 1933
27 Dwight Eisenhower November 4, 1952 January 20, 1953
28 John F. Kennedy November 8, 1960 January 20, 1961
29 Richard Nixon November 5, 1968 January 20, 1969
30 Jimmy Carter November 2, 1976 January 20, 1977
31 Ronald Reagan November 4, 1980 January 20, 1981
32 George H. W. Bush November 8, 1988 January 20, 1989
33 Bill Clinton November 3, 1992 January 20, 1993
34 George W. Bush December 13, 2000[6] January 20, 2001
35 Barack Obama November 4, 2008 January 20, 2009

Vezi și[modificare | modificare sursă]

Legături externe[modificare | modificare sursă]

Referințe[modificare | modificare sursă]

  1. ^ Date of election by House of Representatives
  2. ^ Date of election by House of Representatives
  3. ^ Taylor was sworn in on March 5.
  4. ^ Date the contested election was certified by Congress
  5. ^ Hayes took his inauguration oath privately on March 3 and publicly on March 5.
  6. ^ Date Al Gore conceded following the U.S. Supreme Court's halting of recount efforts in Florida.