Listă de formații power metal

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Aceasta este o listă de formații power metal inclusiv formații care la o anumită etapă a carirei au interpretat power metal. Power metal este un subgen al muzicii heavy metal, combină caracteristici de metal tradițional uc speed metal, adesea întrun context simfonic.

Cuprins
0–9 A Ă B C D E F G H I Î J K L M N O P Q R S Ș T Ț U V W X Y Z   Vezi și  Referințe și note  Legături externe

#[modificare | modificare sursă]

Formația Originee Ani activi Descriere sumară
3 Inches of Blood[1] Canada 1999–prezent Stil influențat puternic de NWOBHM

A[modificare | modificare sursă]

Amaranthe evoluând la festivalul Wacken Open Air
Axxis în concert la festivalul Masters of Rock 2007
Formația Origine Ani activi Descriere sumară
Accept[2] Germania 1968–1989, 1992–1997, 2004–2005, 2009–prezent A jucat un rol important în dezvoltarea genurilor speed și thrash metal.
Adagio[3] France 2000–prezent Known for technical precision and dark orchestration.
After Forever[4] Netherlands 1995–2009 Strong progressive metal influences, use of both soprano vocals and death grunts.
Aina[5] various (supergroup) 2003–2004 Together created the metal opera Days of Rising Doom
Alestorm[6] Scoția 2004–prezent Exclusively pirate themed band with folk metal incorporation.
Almah [7] Brazilia 2006–prezent Side project from the singer of Angra, now a full fledged band.
Altaria [8] Finlanda 2000–prezent Known for recruiting guitarist Jani Liimatainen of Sonata Arctica in their earlier years.
Amaran[9] Suedia 2000–2005 Gothic style with clean female vocals.
Amaranthe[10] Suedia 2009–prezent Fuses melodic metal with pop melodies and vocals of Elize Ryd
Amberian Dawn[11] Finlanda 2006–prezent Lyrics often influenced by Finnish și Norse mythology
Angband[12] Iran 2004−present Conceived as a progressive instrumental band, the addition of a vocalist moved towards power metal.
Angel Dust[13] Germania 1984–1990, 1998–prezent After 1998, moved away from thrash metal to a power/progressive metal style.
Angra[14] Brazilia 1991–prezent Known for symphonic interludes, technical instrumentation and Brazilian regional elements.
Antiquus[15] Canada 2000–prezent Iron Maiden influenced band writes concept albums with unifying themes or stories.
Anubis Gate[16] Danemarca 2003–prezent Progressive band nominated for multiple Danish music awards in 2008 and 2009.
Armageddon[17] Suedia 1997,2000,2002,2012–prezent Started as a melodic death metal band formed byArch Enemy guitarist Christopher Amott, grew closer to power metal in their second and third albums.[17]
Armored Saint[18] Statele Unite 1982–1992, 1999–prezent founders in close relation to members of Metallica, their lyrics helped shape today's power metal.
Astral Doors[19] Suedia 2002–prezent "Jerusalem", the sixth album by Astral Doors is a clear singing from vocalist Nils Patrik Johansson, backed up by riff oriented sound delivered by Jocke Roberg-keyboard; Joachim Nordlund-Guitar; Ulf Lagerström-Bass and Johan Lindstedt-Drums.
Anvil[20] Canada 1978–prezent big contributors to modern heavy metal, their documentary illustrated how working together for them was more important than making as much money as possible.
Avantasia[21] various (supergroup) 1999–prezent A metal opera hosted by Tobias Sammet, the band's members change for every album and feature participation of many renowned musicians/vocalists.
Avian[22] Statele Unite 2002–prezent Formed after being inspired by a metal festival that featured performances by Gamma Ray, Blind Guardian, Edguy, and a number of other famous power metal bands.
Axenstar[23] Suedia 1998–prezent Originally formed as a cover band, now producing power metal that shies away from typical mythical themes.[24]
Axxis[25] Germania 1988–prezent Their debut album, "Kingdom of the Night", became the best-selling debut album ever by a hard rock band in Germania in 1989.

B[modificare | modificare sursă]

Formația Origine Ani activi Descriere sumară
Battlelore[26] Finlanda 1999–prezent Folk mixed with power and melodic death metal, growled vocals with clean female accompaniment.
Benedictum[27] Statele Unite 2005–prezent Female fronted harder style power metal from band members who were previously a Dio tribute band.
Black Majesty[28] Australia 2001–prezent Formed by ex-members of prominent bands on the Australian metal scene
Blind Guardian[29] Germania 1984–prezent Often credited as one of the seminal and most influential bands in the power metal and speed metal subgenres.
Borealis[30] Canada 2005–prezent Heavy and progressive with deep vocals, known for their excellent live performances.
Brainstorm[31] Germania 1989–prezent Known to play a somewhat darker style of music than most power metal groups.
Brocas Helm[32] Statele Unite 1982–2013 Known for founding their own record label after disappointment with their affiliated labels.

C[modificare | modificare sursă]

Children of Bodom at 2007's Masters of Rock
Formația Origine Ani activi Descriere sumară
Cain's Offering[33] Finlanda 2009–prezent Formed by ex-Sonata Arctica members Jani Liimatainen,Mikko Härkin and Stratovarius vocalist Timo Kotipelto
Celesty[34] Finlanda 1998–2012 Their latest album includes a collaboration with the Tampere Philharmonic Orchestra and a professional choir.
Cellador[35] Statele Unite 2004–prezent Contrasts the popular death metal and metalcore scenes of the American Midwest with melodic speed metal.
Children of Bodom[36] Finlanda 1993–prezent One of Finland's best selling artists of all time, incorporating power metal and melodic death metal.
Cirith Ungol[37] Statele Unite 1972–1992 Sword and sorcery themed songs contributed to the development of power metal as a genre.
Crimson Glory[38] Statele Unite 1979–1992, 1998–prezent A pioneer of the American progressive metal movement.
Crystal Eyes[39] Suedia 1992–prezent Put their own studio together in order to improve the quality of their recordings after dissatisfaction with their first label.
Crystal Viper[40] Polonia 2003–prezent Polish band founded by singer/songwriter and recently guitarist Marta Gabriel

D[modificare | modificare sursă]

Formația Origine Ani activi Descriere sumară
Dark Moor[41] Spain 1993−present Neo-classical and symphonic elements.
Demons and Wizards[42] Germania 1998–prezent Formed by the vocalist for Blind Guardian, Hansi Kürsch, and the guitarist of Iced Earth, Jon Schaffer.
DGM[43] Italia 1994–prezent Started as a power metal oriented instrumental band, gradually moved towards a progressive feel.
Dio[44] Statele Unite 1982–1991,1993-2010 The lyrics of renowned vocalist Ronnie James Dio greatly influenced development of power metal and heavy metal as a whole.
Divinefire[45] Finlanda 2004–prezent Their style mixes power metal with both melodic and aggressive elements.
Domine[46] Italia 1984–prezent Linked to heroic fantasy and sword and sorcery themes.
Doomsword[47] Italia 1997–prezent Influences from themes such as ancient and medieval history, fantasy literature and European mythology.
DragonForce[38] United Kingdom 1999–prezent Known for its long and fast guitar solos, fantasy-based lyrics, and electronic sounds in their music to add to their retro video game-influenced sound.
Dragonland[48] Suedia 1999–prezent Most notable for basing their two first albums upon the self-produced The Dragonland Chronicles fantasy saga.
Dream Evil[49] Suedia 1992–prezent Known for their respect to classic heavy metal and their 1980s style sound.
Dreamtale[50] Finlanda 1999–prezent Speedy and light style, with occasional accompaniments of symphonic instruments.
Dreamtone & Iris Mavraki's Neverland[51] Grecia,Turkey 2005–prezent Symphonic power metal collaboration between the Turkish band Dreamtone and Greek singer Iris Mavraki.

E[modificare | modificare sursă]

Elixir evoluând în 2010
Formația Origine Ani activi Descriere sumară
Edenbridge[52] Austria 1998–prezent Symphonic power metal band with a female singer and considerable orchestration.
Edguy[53] Germania 1992–prezent One of the most famous modern power metal bands, highly metaphorical lyrics and a style true to the power metal denomination.
Eidolon[54] Canada 1993–2007 On the heavier side of power metal, after the founding members became a part of Megadeth they stopped recording new albums.
Elixir[55] Anglia 1983-2012 Notable for being associated with the New Wave of British Heavy Metal movement.
Epica[56] Netherlands 2002–prezent Known for their symphonic sound and the use of female vocals and male growls.
Excalion[57] Finlanda 2000—present Lyrical themes originate in different moods and hardships, experiences of life.

F[modificare | modificare sursă]

Formația Origine Ani activi Descriere sumară
Fairyland[58] France 1998–prezent Formed by keyboardist Philippe Giordana with melodic and symphonic elements.
Falconer[59] Suedia 1999–prezent Utilizes folk instrumentation and melody to create a medieval sound and atmosphere.
Firewind[60] Grecia 1998, 2002–prezent Founded by guitarist Gus G., now also the guitarist in Ozzy Osbourne.
Freedom Call[61] Germania 1998 – present Known for their upbeat, feel-good sound free from melancholy undertones or darker styles of some power metal groups.
Forgotten Tales[62] Canada 1999 – present Fronted by powerful vocalist Sonia Pineault, who avoids the popular opera style vocals of female leads. Neoclassical guitars with folk keys and effects.

G[modificare | modificare sursă]

Grave Digger at Metalcamp in 2007
Formația Origine Ani activi Descriere sumară
Galneryus[63] Japan 2001–prezent Neo-classical power metal with many speed metal style songs, often compared to Dragonforce in style, although the neo-classical elements are quite a departure from the aforementioned.
Gamma Ray[29] Germania 1989–prezent Known as one of the most prominent bands of the German heavy metal scene.
Gloryhammer[64] United Kingdom,Elveția 2010–prezent Presents themselves as a tongue-in-cheek, parody of stereotypical power metal groups as well as appearing on-stage in armour and costumes.
Grave Digger[65] Germania 1980–1987, 1991–prezent One of the earlier heavy metal bands that contributed to the development of power metal as a genre.

H[modificare | modificare sursă]

Formația Origine Ani activi Descriere sumară
HammerFall[38] Suedia 1993–prezent Cited as producing some of the highest acclaimed power metal albums,[38] Hammerfall is a famous example of power metal as a whole.
Heathen[66] Statele Unite 1984–1993,2002–prezent Their style could be described as the aggression of thrash metal combined with NWOBHM-style vocals and arrangements, acoustic intros or outros, and fast-paced melodic shred solos.
Heavenly[67] France 1994–prezent They were signed by record label Noise Records after winning a competition sponsored by the label's website.[67]
Heavy Load[68] Suedia 1976–1985 The band is often hailed as the first Swedish heavy metal band,[69] and were known for their Viking themes.
Helloween[29][70] Germania 1984–prezent The band is a pioneering force in the power metal subgenres and their second and third studio albums, Keeper of the Seven Keys, Pt. 1 and Pt. 2, are considered masterpieces of the genre.
Helstar[71] Statele Unite 1982–prezent A key band in the development of the American power metal scene emerging in the mid 1980s.
Highland Glory[72] Norway 2001–prezent Their first album, From the Cradle to the Brave, was released in 2003.
Highlord[73] Italia 1996–prezent A standard style power metal band with medieval and mythical themed lyrics.
HolyHell [74] Statele Unite 2005–prezent A symphonic power metal band with a female lead vocalist, an atypical style coming from North America.
Holy Knights [75] Italia 1998–2002, 2010–prezent Symphonic accompaniment, choruses with many backing vocalists creating an epic ballad feel.
Human Fortress[76] Germania 1997–prezent Strives for an epic feel with their music, calling their music "epic battle metal".

I[modificare | modificare sursă]

Iced Earth in December 2012
Formația Origine Ani activi Descriere sumară
Iced Earth[77] Statele Unite 1985–prezent Successful band that has played many different styles of metal with members changing constantly other than the founding guitarist Jon Schaffer.
Impulse[78] Bulgaria 1979–1991,1995–1998,2012-present One of the first Bulgarian heavy metal bands.
Iron Fire[79] Danemarca 1995–prezent Early speed metal style incorporated with recent power metal sounds.
Iron Mask[80] Belgia 2002–prezent Contains ex-Yngwie Malmsteen members.
Iron Savior[81] Germania 1996–prezent Blends power metal with a high-concept science fiction story, immediately embarking on a multiple-album tale of a fictional space vessel of the same name.

J[modificare | modificare sursă]

Formația Origine Ani activi Descriere sumară
Jag Panzer[82] Statele Unite 1981–1988, 1994–2011, 2014 NWOBHM influenced band that influenced the development of thrash and power metal.
Judas Priest[2] United Kingdom 1969–prezent One of the most famous heavy metal bands of all time, as well as the origin of many sounds that influenced the many sub-genres of heavy metal today.

K[modificare | modificare sursă]

Formația Origine Ani activi Descriere sumară
Kamelot[83][84] Statele Unite 1991–prezent One of the more successful bands in the North American power metal scene. Symphonic, neo-classical, and progressive elements.
Katagory V[85][86] Statele Unite 1999–prezent American power metal band with thrash and progressive elements.
Kerion[87] France 2003–prezent Features a choir directed by Phil Gordana of Fairyland. Mainly labelled as a symphonic metal band.
King Diamond[88] Danemarca 1985–prezent Formed by departed members of Mercyful Fate.
Kobra and the Lotus[89] Canada 2009–prezent Known for their female vocalist Kobra Paige.
Kotipelto[90] Finlanda 2001–prezent Formed by Stratovarius member Timo Kotipelto while the aforementioned band was on hiatus.

L[modificare | modificare sursă]

Formația Origine Ani activi Descriere sumară
Lääz Rockit[91] Statele Unite 1982–1992,2005–prezent One of their signature elements were Ibanez guitars adorned with elaborate airbrushed scenes of warfare.
Liege Lord[92] Statele Unite 1982–1989,2000,2012–prezent Originated as a Judas Priest cover band, aided development of the power metal genre.
Lost Horizon[93][94] Suedia 1990–1994,1999–prezent Known for taking the epic feel of power metal to new levels, having been described as "Metallica will make you feel angry, but Lost Horizon will make you feel like a god." [95]
Luna Mortis[96] Statele Unite 2001-2010, 2013–prezent Combination of melodic death, power, thrash, and progressive, band with a female vocalist who sings clean as well as does death growls.

M[modificare | modificare sursă]

Machinae Supremacy performing
Formația Origine Ani activi Descriere sumară
Machinae Supremacy[97] Suedia 2000–prezent Combines modern heavy metal/power metal and alternative rock with chiptunes.
Magica[98] Romania 2002–prezent A Romanian power metal band with mythical themes and gothic metal influences.
Majesty[99] Germania 2000–prezent Heavily influenced by Manowar both musically and lyrically even having former Manowar guitarist Ross "The Boss" Friedman appear on their second album
Manilla Road[100] Statele Unite 1977–1990,2001–prezent Early albums have more in common with progressive rock and proto-heavy metal than the band's later heavier speed/thrash metal sound.
Manticora[101] Danemarca 1996–prezent Progressive power metal with speed metal influences.
Manowar[102][103] Statele Unite 1980–prezent Known for its lyrics based on fantasy (particularly sword and sorcery), mythological topics (particularly Norse mythology) and for playing a lot of songs about heavy metal music.
Masterplan[104] Germania 2001–prezent Founded by ex-Helloween members.
Meliah Rage[105][106] Statele Unite 1987–prezent Characterized primarily by their thrash metal vibe married to more classical metal melodies.
Mercenary[107] Danemarca 1991–prezent Although they are usually labelled as a melodic death metal band, they use aspects of power metal in their music, as well as thrash metal in their earlier work.
Metal Church[108] Statele Unite 1980–1994,1998–2009,2012–prezent Lyrical topics such as conflict and paranoia later expanded into philosophical and social commentary.
Metalium[109] Germania 1998–2011 Their style of music was that of the traditional power metal sound which was pioneered in Hamburg by bands such as Helloween and Blind Guardian.
Moonlight Agony[110] Suedia 1999–prezent Common usage of odd chord progressions and an eerie/dreamlike atmosphere produced via the keyboard track, combined with frequent double bass drum patterns.

N[modificare | modificare sursă]

Nightwish in 2009
Formația Origine Ani activi Descriere sumară
Nightwish[111] Finlanda 1996–prezent Nightwish performs symphonic metal with soaring female operatic vocals. Their music has been described as “bombastic heavy, symphonic and cinematic, with keyboards and strings creating a gothic atmosphere”[112]
Nocturnal Rites[113] Suedia 1990–prezent Death metal with melodic influences such as Iron Maiden.

O[modificare | modificare sursă]

Formația Origine Ani activi Descriere sumară
Omen[114][115] Statele Unite 1983–1988,1996–prezent One of the forefathers of power metal acts, launched with groups such as Metallica, Anthrax, Megadeth, and Slayer.
Orden Ogan[116] Germania 1996–prezent Progressive and folk metal elements.

P[modificare | modificare sursă]

Primal Fear in 2009
Formația Origine Ani activi Descriere sumară
Pharaoh [117] Statele Unite 1997–prezent Known for multi-layered instrumentation and well produced albums.
Powerglove[118] Statele Unite 2005–prezent One of the more prominent nintendocore bands, Powerglove covers classic video game tracks in an epic technical power metal style.
Power Quest[38] Anglia 2001–2013 Consistently features a joyous sound with upbeat melodies and mythical inspirations. The founder of the band being the keyboardist, the songs are more key driven than typical power metal bands.
Powerwolf[119] Germania 2003–prezent Notable for having dark themes and images, both musically and lyrically, both counteractions to traditional power metal music and including usage of corpse paint, gothic-tinged compositions and songs about Romanian werewolf and vampire legends.
Primal Fear[120] Germania 1997–prezent Main lyrical themes are science fiction, often metaphorical.
Prototype[121] Statele Unite 1994–prezent Mainly demonstrates elements of progressive metal and thrash metal.
Pyramaze[122] Danemarca 2001–prezent Collaborated with Iced Earth singer Matt Barlow for their third album.

R[modificare | modificare sursă]

Running Wild live on stage in Bonn in 2005
Formația Origine Ani activi Descriere sumară
Rage[123] Germania 1984–prezent Part of the German heavy/speed/power metal scene to emerge in the early to mid-1980s, along with bands such as Helloween, Running Wild, Blind Guardian and Grave Digger.
Rainbow[2] Anglia 1975–1984,1994–1997 Started out combining mystical lyric themes with neo-classical metal, but went in a more streamlined commercial style following Dio's departure from the group.
Rebellion[124] Germania 2001–prezent Their first album was a concept album about William Shakespeare's work Macbeth.
Revolution Renaissance[125] Finlanda 2008–2010 Formed by a former Stratovarius member.
Rhapsody of Fire[126][127] Italia 1993–prezent One of the most prominent symphonic style power metal bands, recording with orchestras and involving classical style vocalists such as Christopher Lee.
Riot[128][129] Statele Unite 1975–1984,1988-2012 Initially started out as straightforward heavy metal, upon revival in 1988 they began a departure towards power metal styles.
Running Wild[130] Germania 1976–2009,2011–prezent Most famous for pioneering the idea of pirate themed metal, after initial satanic themes in their first two albums.

S[modificare | modificare sursă]

Formația Origine Ani activi Descriere sumară
Sabaton[131] Suedia 1999–prezent The band's main lyrical themes are historical wars.
Savatage[132] Statele Unite 1978–2002 Known for the frequent usage of counterpoint style vocals.
Scanner[133] Germania 1986–prezent Known for early forms of science-fiction based power metal.
Scorpions [2] Germania 1965–prezent One of the best selling heavy metal bands of all time, influencing many of the 1980s sub-genres including power metal.
Serenity [134] Austria 2001−present Gravitated towards power metal as they released more albums, initially more pure symphonic metal.
Seven Thorns [135] Danemarca 1998-2005; 2007−present A mix of Scandinavian and German power metal with neoclassical influences
Shadowkeep[136] Anglia 1999–prezent
Shadowside[137] Brazilia 2001–prezent Band with female vocals from Brazil drawing from influences of Thrash metal and Hard Rock.
Sinergy[138] Finlanda 1997–2004 Known for their strong female vocalist Kimberly Goss who has a deeper vocal range than a typical female power metal vocalist.
Sonata Arctica[139] Finlanda 1995−present One of the most successful power metal groups of post 1990s. Known for their usage of keys and falsetto vocals, as well as emotional themes and wide ranging style.
Stratovarius[38] Finlanda 1984–prezent Considered one of the leading groups of the power metal and symphonic metal genre.
Symfonia[140] Finlanda 2010–2011 Short-lived band formed by well-known Finnish power metal musicians as a new project.
Symphony X[141] Statele Unite 1994–prezent Popularized the mixing of progressive metal sounds with power metal themes, influenced by pure progressive bands such as Dream Theater.

T[modificare | modificare sursă]

Formația Origine Ani activi Descriere sumară
Theocracy[38] Statele Unite 2002–prezent Originally a one-man project, the band mixes heavier power metal style with progressive metal.
Thunderstone[142] Finlanda 2000–prezent Created by ex-Antidote guitarist Nino Laurenne.
Twilightning[143] Finlanda 1998–2009 Split up after the band's sound slowly shifted from power metal to a more 1980s rock sound.

V[modificare | modificare sursă]

Formația Origine Ani activi Descriere sumară
Vicious Rumors[144] Statele Unite 1979–prezent Recognized for their guitar works and harmonies, as well as the variety of their music.
Virgin Steele[145] Statele Unite 1981–prezent In recent years, they have enriched their sound with elements of musical theatre, metal and symphonic metal.
Visions of Atlantis[146] Austria 2000–prezent Their equal combination of male and female vocals distinguishes Visions of Atlantis and is reminiscent of bands such as Lacuna Coil.

W[modificare | modificare sursă]

Formația Origine Ani activi Descriere sumară
WarCry[147] Spain 2001–prezent One of Spain's most famous metal acts.[147]
Wizard[148] Germania 1989–prezent The band was often called "Germany's answer to Manowar".
Wintersun[149][150] Finlanda 2003–prezent On the more extreme side of power metal, Wintersun contains elements of melodic death metal, and was formed as a side project to Ensiferum.
Winter's Verge[151] Cyprus 2004–prezent Songs often have pirate themes and local character. Pioneers of the modern Cyprus metal stage.Notable for touring with Stratovarius in their Polaris tour.
Wuthering Heights[152] Danemarca 1989–prezent Songs often feature traditional folk instruments such as bagpipes, violins, and flutes.

X[modificare | modificare sursă]

Formația Origine Ani activi Descriere sumară
X Japan[153] Japan 1982–97,2007–prezent Pioneers of the Japanese heavy metal movement promoting a shift towards western glam style.

Y[modificare | modificare sursă]

Yngwie Malmsteen performing in Barcelona
Formația Origine Ani activi Descriere sumară
Yngwie Malmsteen[154] Statele Unite,Suedia 1978–prezent Led by guitarist Yngwie Malmsteen, the virtuosity of his guitar work in any lineup aided the development of neoclassical metal, which is prevalent in power metal sound.

Z[modificare | modificare sursă]

Formația Origine Ani activi Descriere sumară
Zonata[155] Suedia 1998–2003 Known for heavy classical influences on both guitar and keyboard parts.

Vezi și[modificare | modificare sursă]

Referințe și note[modificare | modificare sursă]

  1. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. „3 Inches of Blood Biography”. Allmusic. Accesat în . 
  2. ^ a b c d Metal - A Headbanger's Journey, DVD, ASIN B000FS9OZY (2005).
  3. ^ Sharpe-Young, Garry. „Adagio biography”. MusicMight. Accesat în . 
  4. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. „After Forever biography”. Allmusic. Accesat în . 
  5. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. Days of Rising Doom: The Heavy Metal Opera review”. Allmusic. Accesat în . 
  6. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. Captain Morgan's Revenge review”. Allmusic. Accesat în . 
  7. ^ „Almah New Song Available For Streaming”. Blabbermouth.net. Accesat în . 
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  9. ^ Thomas, Adam. Pristine in Bondage review”. Sputnikmusic. Accesat în . 
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  15. ^ „REVIEW ANTIQUUS - Ramayana (German)”. PowerMetal.de. Accesat în . 
  16. ^ Sharpe-Young, Garry. „Anubis Gate biography”. MusicMight. Accesat în . 
  17. ^ a b Rivadavia, Eduardo. „Armageddon biography”. Allmusic. Accesat în . 
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  19. ^ „ASTRAL DOORS: New Album To Be Mixed By DANIEL BERGSTRAND”. Blabbermouth.net. Accesat în . 
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  33. ^ Sharpe-Young, Garry and Born, R. „Cain's Offering biography”. MusicMight. Accesat în . 
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  35. ^ Eduardo,Rivadavia. „Cellador Biography”. Allmusic. Accesat în . 
  36. ^ Stagno, Mike. Hatebreeder review”. Sputnikmusic. Accesat în . 
  37. ^ Damien (November 2005). "The Pinnacles of Power: Power Metal Top 20", Cirith Ungol, King of the Dead. Terrorizer No. 137, p. 48.
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  39. ^ „CRYSTAL EYES Completes Work On New Album”. Blabbermouth.net. Accesat în . 
  40. ^ „Crystal Viper”. Allmusic. Accesat în . 
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  43. ^ Eduardo Rivadavia. „DGM Biography”. Allmusic. Accesat în . 
  44. ^ Chantler, Chris (September 2005). "The Power and the Glory: A Brief History of Power Metal". Terrorizer No. 135, p. 42: "Ronnie Dio, of course, forged ahead with a new band, simply called Dio, and in doing so contributed a great deal to the development of power metal with classic albums such as 'Holy Diver' and 'The Last in Line'."
  45. ^ Munro, Tyler. Into a New Dimension review”. Sputnikmusic. Accesat în . 
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