Listă de arme chimice

De la Wikipedia, enciclopedia liberă
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Armele chimice sunt produse pentru a scoate din luptă soldații inamici, cu scopul de intoxicare sau chiar ucidere a lor. Se utilizează și contra demonstrațiilor cu scopul împrăștierii demonstranților.

Listă de arme chimice[modificare | modificare sursă]

Classes of chemical weapon agents
Clasa Nume Mod de acțiune Simptome Perioada de timp Persistența
Sistem nervos Inactivates enzyme acetylcholinesterase, preventing the breakdown of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine in the victim's sinapse and causing both muscarinic and nicotinic effects
  • Mioză (pinpoint pupils)
  • Blurred/dim vision
  • Headache
  • Nausea, vomitiări, diaree
  • Copious secretions/sweating
  • Muscle twitching/fasciculations
  • Dispnee
  • Seizures
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Vapors: seconds to minutes;
  • Skin: 2 to 18 hours
VX is persistent and a contact hazard; other agents are non-persistent and present mostly inhalation hazards.
  • Possibil cherry-red skin
  • Possibil cianoză
  • Confusion
  • Nausea
  • Patients may gasp for air
  • Seizures prior to death
  • Metabolic acidosis
Immediate onset Non-persistent and an inhalation hazard.
Vezicante Agents are acid-forming compounds that damage skin and respiratory system, resulting burns and respiratory problems.
  • Mustards: Vapors: 4 to 6 hours, eyes and lungs affected more rapidly; Skin: 2 to 48 hours
  • Lewisite: Immediate
Persistent and a contact hazard.
Pulmon Similar mechanism to blister agents in that the compounds are acids or acid-forming, but action is more pronounced in respiratory system, flooding it and resulting in suffocation; survivors often suffer chronic breathing problems.
  • Airway irritation
  • Eye and skin irritation
  • Dyspnea, cough
  • Sore throat
  • Chest tightness
  • Wheezing
  • Bronchospasm
Immediate to 3 hours Non-persistent and an inhalation hazard.
Lacrimogene Causes severe stinging of the eyes and temporary blindness. Powerful eye irritation Immediate Non-persistent and an inhalation hazard.
Halucinogene Causes atropine-like inhibition of acetylcholine in subject. Causes peripheral nervous system effects that are the opposite of those seen in nerve agent poisoning.
  • Inhaled: 30 minutes to 20 hours;
  • Skin: Up to 36 hours after skin exposure to BZ. Duration is typically 72 to 96 hours.
Extremely persistent in soil and water and on most surfaces; contact hazard.
Toxice celulare

Non-living biological proteins, such as:

Inhibit protein synthesis 4-24 hours; see symptoms. Exposure by inhalation or injection causes more pronounced signs and symptoms than exposure by ingestion Slight; agents degrade quickly in environment