James Stirling (arhitect)

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James Stirling
James Stirling 01.jpg
Date personale
Născut22 aprilie 1926
Glasgow
Decedat25 iunie 1992
Londra
Naționalitatebritanic
CetățenieFlag of the United Kingdom.svg Regatul Unit
Flag of Germany.svg Germania Modificați la Wikidata
Ocupațiearhitect
Activitate
Alma materUniversity of Liverpool[*]  Modificați la Wikidata
PremiiPremiul Pritzker ()
Alvar Aalto Medal[*] ()
Royal Gold Medal[*] ()
Praemium Imperiale[*] ()
Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects[*]

James Frazer Stirling (n. 22 aprilie 1926 – d. 25 iunie 1992) a fost un arhitect britanic, apreciat pe larg ca fiind unul dintre cei mai importanți joben și influent arhitecți ai celei de-a doua jumătăți a seocolului al XX-lea.

Partenerii profesionali ai lui Stirling au fost James Gowan, între 1956 și 1963, și Michael Wilford, între 1971 și 1992.

Biografie timpurie și educație[modificare | modificare sursă]

Clore Gallery (1980-87), London

Stirling studied architecture from 1945 until 1950 at the University of Liverpool, where Colin Rowe was his teacher.

Carieră[modificare | modificare sursă]

In 1981, Stirling was awarded the Pritzker Prize.[1]

Deces și moștenire[modificare | modificare sursă]

Cu trei zile după anunțarea nominalizării sale pentru his knighthood, Stirling was hospitalised in London with a painful hernia. What should have been a straightforward operation went wrong and Stirling's condition deteriorated considerably. He was able to see his family before sinking into a coma.[2] Stirling died on 25 June 1992.[3] In accordance with his wishes, his ashes are buried near to his memorial in the narthex at Christ Church Spitalfields. Stirling's sudden passing was considered a great tragedy for architecture; the Italian architect and critic Vittorio Gregotti wrote in "Casabella" magazine that "from now on, everything will be more difficult".Format:Cite quote

Proiecte notabile[modificare | modificare sursă]

  • 1958 London: Flats at Ham Common (with James Gowan)
  • 1959 Leicester University: Faculty of Engineering (with James Gowan)
  • 1961 London: Camberwell School Assembly Hall
  • 1964 St Andrews University: Andrew Melville Hall of Residence
  • 1968 Cambridge University: Faculty of History
  • 1971 Oxford University: The Queen's College, Florey Building
  • 1972 Haslemere, Surrey: Training Centre for Olivetti (extension)
  • 1976 Runcorn: Southgate social housing (demolished)
  • 1981 Berlin: Wissenschaftszentrum (Social Science Research campus)
  • 1984 Stuttgart: Neue Staatsgalerie
  • 1984 Cambridge Massachusetts: Harvard University, Fogg Museum Sackler Galleries (extension)
  • 1987 London: Tate Britain, Clore Galleries (extension)
  • 1989 Paris: Bibliothèque de France (unsuccessful competition entry)
  • 1997 London: offices and retail at No 1 Poultry, London EC3 (completed posthumously)

Bibliografie[modificare | modificare sursă]

  • James Stirling: Buildings and Projects 1950–1974 (1975) Verlag Gerd Hatje (edited and designed by Léon Krier)
  • James Stirling: Buildings and Projects Peter Arnell and Ted Bickford, introduction by Colin Rowe (1993) Rizzoli
  • James Stirling, Michael Wilford and Associates: Buildings and Projects, 1975-1992 Michael Wilford and Thomas Muirhead (1994), Thames and Hudson, ISBN 0-500-34126-5
  • Big Jim: The Life and Work of James Stirling Mark Girouard (1998, 2000), Chatto & Windus, London, ISBN 07011-62473
  • Sweet Disorder and the Carefully Careless: Theory and Criticism in Architecture Robert Maxwell (1997), Princeton Papers on Architecture (includes essays on James Stirling)
  • James Stirling/Michael Wilford Robert Maxwell (1999), Studio Paperback
  • Jim Stirling and the Red Trilogy: Three Radical Buildings Alan Berman, ed. (2010), Frances Lincoln Ltd.
  • James Frazer Stirling: Notes from the Archive Anthony Vidler (2010), Yale Center for British Art

Referințe[modificare | modificare sursă]

  1. ^ Pritzker Prize announcement April 15, 1981, retrieved 24-10-2009
  2. ^ Eroare la citare: Etichetă <ref> invalidă; niciun text nu a fost furnizat pentru ref-urile numite Girouard 291
  3. ^ Eroare la citare: Etichetă <ref> invalidă; niciun text nu a fost furnizat pentru ref-urile numite Indy 93

Legături externe[modificare | modificare sursă]

Commons
Wikimedia Commons conține materiale multimedia legate de James Stirling