James Stirling (arhitect)

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James Stirling
Date personale
Nume la naștereJames Frazer Stirling Modificați la Wikidata
Născut22 aprilie 1926
Decedat25 iunie 1992
Cetățenie Regatul Unit[2]
 Germania Modificați la Wikidata
Limbi vorbitelimba engleză[3][4][5] Modificați la Wikidata
Alma materUniversity of Liverpool[*][[University of Liverpool (University in Liverpool, United Kingdom)|​]]
Liverpool College of Art[*][[Liverpool College of Art (art school in Liverpool, UK)|​]]
Calderstones School[*][[Calderstones School (school in Liverpool, UK)|​]]  Modificați la Wikidata
PremiiPremiul Pritzker ()
Alvar Aalto -mitali[*][[Alvar Aalto -mitali (architecture prize)|​]] ()
Medalia Regală de Aur[*] ()
Praemium Imperiale[*] ()[1]
Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects[*][[Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects |​]]
Knight Bachelor[*][[Knight Bachelor (title granted to a man who has been knighted by the British monarch but not inducted as a member of one of the organised orders of chivalry)|​]]
Premiul Stirling[*]  Modificați la Wikidata

James Frazer Stirling (n. 22 aprilie 1926 – d. 25 iunie 1992) a fost un arhitect britanic, apreciat pe larg ca fiind unul dintre cei mai importanți joben și influent arhitecți ai celei de-a doua jumătăți a seocolului al XX-lea.

Partenerii profesionali ai lui Stirling au fost James Gowan, între 1956 și 1963, și Michael Wilford, între 1971 și 1992.

Biografie timpurie și educație[modificare | modificare sursă]

History Faculty Library, Cambridge, 1968
Staatsgalerie Stuttgart (1984)
State University of Music and Performing Arts Stuttgart
Clore Gallery (1980-87), London

Stirling studied architecture from 1945 until 1950 at the University of Liverpool, where Colin Rowe was his teacher.

Carieră[modificare | modificare sursă]

In 1981, Stirling was awarded the Pritzker Prize.[6]

Deces și moștenire[modificare | modificare sursă]

Cu trei zile după anunțarea nominalizării sale pentru his knighthood, Stirling was hospitalised in London with a painful hernia. What should have been a straightforward operation went wrong and Stirling's condition deteriorated considerably. He was able to see his family before sinking into a coma.[7] Stirling died on 25 June 1992.[8] In accordance with his wishes, his ashes are buried near to his memorial in the narthex at Christ Church Spitalfields. Stirling's sudden passing was considered a great tragedy for architecture; the Italian architect and critic Vittorio Gregotti wrote in "Casabella" magazine that "from now on, everything will be more difficult".Format:Cite quote

Proiecte notabile[modificare | modificare sursă]

  • 1958 London: Flats at Ham Common (with James Gowan)
  • 1959 Leicester University: Faculty of Engineering (with James Gowan)
  • 1961 London: Camberwell School Assembly Hall
  • 1964 St Andrews University: Andrew Melville Hall of Residence
  • 1968 Cambridge University: Faculty of History
  • 1971 Oxford University: The Queen's College, Florey Building
  • 1972 Haslemere, Surrey: Training Centre for Olivetti (extension)
  • 1976 Runcorn: Southgate social housing (demolished)
  • 1981 Berlin: Wissenschaftszentrum (Social Science Research campus)
  • 1984 Stuttgart: Neue Staatsgalerie
  • 1984 Cambridge Massachusetts: Harvard University, Fogg Museum Sackler Galleries (extension)
  • 1987 London: Tate Britain, Clore Galleries (extension)
  • 1989 Paris: Bibliothèque de France (unsuccessful competition entry)
  • 1997 London: offices and retail at No 1 Poultry, London EC3 (completed posthumously)

Bibliografie[modificare | modificare sursă]

  • James Stirling: Buildings and Projects 1950–1974 (1975) Verlag Gerd Hatje (edited and designed by Léon Krier)
  • James Stirling: Buildings and Projects Peter Arnell and Ted Bickford, introduction by Colin Rowe (1993) Rizzoli
  • James Stirling, Michael Wilford and Associates: Buildings and Projects, 1975-1992 Michael Wilford and Thomas Muirhead (1994), Thames and Hudson, ISBN 0-500-34126-5
  • Big Jim: The Life and Work of James Stirling Mark Girouard (1998, 2000), Chatto & Windus, London, ISBN 07011-62473
  • Sweet Disorder and the Carefully Careless: Theory and Criticism in Architecture Robert Maxwell (1997), Princeton Papers on Architecture (includes essays on James Stirling)
  • James Stirling/Michael Wilford Robert Maxwell (1999), Studio Paperback
  • Jim Stirling and the Red Trilogy: Three Radical Buildings Alan Berman, ed. (2010), Frances Lincoln Ltd.
  • James Frazer Stirling: Notes from the Archive Anthony Vidler (2010), Yale Center for British Art

Referințe[modificare | modificare sursă]

  1. ^ https://www.praemiumimperiale.org/en/laureate-en/laureates-en, accesat în   Lipsește sau este vid: |title= (ajutor)
  2. ^ Museum of Modern Art online collection, accesat în  
  3. ^ Autoritatea BnF, accesat în  
  4. ^ Czech National Authority Database, accesat în  
  5. ^ CONOR[*][[CONOR (authority control file for author and corporate names in Slovene system COBISS)|​]]  Verificați valoarea |titlelink= (ajutor)
  6. ^ Pritzker Prize announcement 15 aprilie 1981 Arhivat în , la Wayback Machine., retrieved 24-10-2009
  7. ^ Eroare la citare: Etichetă <ref> invalidă; niciun text nu a fost furnizat pentru referințele numite Girouard 291
  8. ^ Eroare la citare: Etichetă <ref> invalidă; niciun text nu a fost furnizat pentru referințele numite Indy 93

Legături externe[modificare | modificare sursă]

Wikimedia Commons conține materiale multimedia legate de James Stirling