Verbe neregulate în limba engleză

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Această listă cuprinde cele mai importante verbe neregulate ale limbii engleze. La verbele semnalate cu asterisc (*) trebuie acordată atenție faptului că deși cele trei forme scrise sunt identice, pronunția este diferită (ca de exemplu în cazul verbului read).


Infinitive
[Forma I-a]
Simple Past
[Forma a II-a]
Past Perfect
[Forma a III-a]
Sensul în limba română
arise arose arisen (a) rezulta, (a se) produce
awake awoke awoken (a se) trezi
be was/were been (a) fi
bear bore borne/born (a) purta, (a) duce
beat beat beaten (a) lovi, învinge
become became become (a) deveni (ceva)
begin began begun (a) începe
bend bent bent (a se) îndoi
bet bet bet (a) paria
bid (offer) bid bid (a) face o ofertă, (a) promite
bind bound bound (a) lega
bite bit bitten (a) mușca
bleed bled bled (a) sângera
blow blew blown (a) sufla
break broke broken (a) rupe, (a) sparge
breed bred bred (a) crește, (a) naște
bring brought brought (a) aduce
broadcast broadcast broadcast (a) difuza, (a) transmite (radio, TV)
build built built (a) construi
burn burnt/burned burnt/burned (a)arde
burst burst burst (a) exploda
buy bought bought (a) cumpăra
can could couth (formă arhaică) (a) fi în stare, (a) putea (verb auxiliar modal)
cast cast cast (a) arunca
catch caught caught (a) prinde
choose chose chosen (a) alege
cling (to) clung clung (a se) agăța
clothe clothed/clad clothed/clad (a) (se) îmbrăca, înveșmânta
come came come (a) veni
cost cost cost (a) costa
creep crept crept (a se) târâ
cut cut cut (a) tăia
deal (with) dealt dealt (a se) ocupa (cu)
dig dug dug (a) săpa
do did done (a) face
draw drew drawn (a) desena, (a) trage
dream dreamt/dreamed dreamt/dreamed (a) visa
drink drank/drunk (Sudul SUA) drunk (a) bea
drive drove driven (a) conduce
eat ate eaten (a) mânca
fall fell fallen (a) cădea
feed fed fed (a) hrăni
feel felt felt (a) simți
fight fought fought (a) lupta
find found found (a) găsi
flee fled fled (a) fugi din
fly flew flown (a) zbura
forbid forbade forbidden (a) interzice
forget forgot forgotten (a) uita
forgive forgave forgiven (a) ierta
freeze froze frozen (a) îngheța
get got got (UK)/gotten (US) (a) primi, (a) procura
give gave given (a) da
go went gone (a) merge
grind ground ground (a) măcina
grow grew grown (a) crește
hang hung/hanged hung/hanged (a) atârna
have had had (a) avea, (a) poseda
hear heard heard (a) auzi
hide hid hidden (a) ascunde, (a se) ascunde
hit hit hit (a) lovi
hold held held (a) ține
hurt hurt hurt (a) răni
keep kept kept (a) păstra
kneel knelt/kneeled knelt/kneeled (a) îngenunchea
know knew known (a) ști
lay laid laid (a) așeza, (a) întinde
lead led led (a) conduce
lean (against) leant/leaned leant/leaned (a se) rezema
leap leapt/leaped leapt/leaped (a) sări
learn learnt/learned learnt/learned (a) învăța, (a) afla
leave left left (a) părăsi, (a) pleca
lend lent lent (a) împrumuta
let let let (a) permite
lie lay lain (a se) afla
light lit/lighted lit/lighted (a) aprinde
lose lost lost (a) pierde
make made made (a) face
mean meant meant (a) însemna, (a-și) pune în gând
meet met met (a) întâlni
pay paid paid (a) plăti
put put put (a) pune
quit quit quit (a) părăsi, (a) pleca
read read* [red] read* [red] (a) citi
ride rode ridden (a) călări
ring rang rung (a) suna
rise rose risen (a) răsări (soarele)
run ran run (a) alerga
saw sawed sawn (a) tăia cu ferăstrăul
say said said (a) spune
see saw seen (a) vedea
seek sought sought (a) căuta
sell sold sold (a) vinde
send sent sent (a) trimite
set set set (a) regla, (a) seta
sew sewed sewn (a) coase
shake shook shaken (a) scutura
shed shed shed (a) năpârli
shine shone shone sclipi
shoot shot shot (a) trage (cu arma)
show showed shown (a) arăta, (a) prezenta
shrink shrank/shrunk shrunk/shrunken (a se) comprima
shut shut shut (a) închide
sing sang sung (a) cânta
sink sank sunk (a se) scufunda
sit sat sat (a se) așeza
sleep slept slept (a) adormi
slide slid slid (a) aluneca
smell smelt/smelled smelt/smelled (a) mirosi
speak (to) spoke spoken (a) vorbi
spell spelt/spelled spelt/spelled (a) ortografia
spill spilt/spilled spilt/spilled (a) turna, (a) risipi
spend spent spent (a) cheltui (bani), (a) petrece (timp)
spit spat spat (a) scuipa
spin span spun (a) învârti, (a) roti, (a) toarce
split split split (a) împărți
spread spread spread (a) distribui, (a) extinde
spring sprang sprung (a) sări
spoil spoilt/spoiled spoilt/spoiled (a) strica
stand stood stood (a) sta (în picioare)
steal stole stolen (a) fura
stick stuck stuck (a) lipi
sting stung stung (a) împunge
stink stank stunk (a) pute, (a) mirosi (urât)
stride strode stridden (a) păși
strike struck struck (a) ataca, (a) lovi
strive strove striven (a) se strădui
swear swore (sware[1]) sworn (a) jura
sweep swept swept (a) mătura
swell swelled swollen (a) se umfla
swim swam swum (a) înota
take took taken (a) duce, (a) prinde
teach taught taught (a) învăța
tear tore torn (a) rupe
tell told told (a) spune, (a) povesti
think thought thought (a) se gândi
throw threw thrown (a) arunca
tread trod trod/trodden (a) călca
understand understood understood (a) înțelege
undertake undertook undertaken (a) iniția, (a se angaja)
wake woke woken (a) trezi
wear wore worn (a) purta
weave wove/weaved woven/weaved (a) țese
weep wept wept (a) plânge
wet wet wet (a) uda
win won won (a) câștiga
wind wound wound (a) roti
wring wrung wrung (a) răsuci
write wrote written (a) scrie

Referințe[modificare | modificare sursă]

  1. ^ formă arhaică

Legături externe[modificare | modificare sursă]

  • en Mind Our English: Strong and weak by Ralph Berry
  • en English Irregular Verb List A comprehensive list of English irregular verbs, including their base form, past simple, past participle, 3rd person singular, and the present participle / gerund.
  • en The Irregular Verbs All the irregular verbs of the English language. Conjugation, pronunciation, translation and examples.
  • en Verb Busters Searchable reference of English irregular verbs and cognates, with audio.