Standard Oil Company

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Standard Oil Company.

Standard Oil Company a fost o companie de prelucrare și distribuție a petrolului, înființată în anul 1870 în Ohio, SUA de John D. Rockefeller și asociații lui. Standard Oil Company a fost cea mai mare firmă de prelucrare din lume[1], fiind totodată una din primele și cele mai mari companii multinaționale din lume.

John D. Rockefeller a fost fondatorul, președintele și acționarul majoritar al companiei. Standard Oil a avut un succes semnificativ, iar Rockefeller a devenit cel mai bogat om din acea perioadă. Compania a fost adesea criticată datorită politicii de prețuri și tehnicilor agresive aplicate în afaceri.

În 1911, datorită acuzației de monopol formulată împotriva companiei și pe baza Legii împotriva monopolului și cartelurilor (Sherman Antitrust Act), Curtea Supremă a SUA a hotărât dizolvarea Standard Oil Company și dezmembrarea ei în 34 companii, printre succesori numindu-se Exxon și Standard Oil of New York (care a devenit compania petrolieră Mobil)[2].

Vezi și[modificare | modificare sursă]

Referințe[modificare | modificare sursă]

Bibliografie[modificare | modificare sursă]

  • Bringhurst, Bruce. Antitrust and the Oil Monopoly: The Standard Oil Cases, 1890–1911. New York: Greenwood Press, 1979.
  • Chernow, Ron. Titan: The Life of John D. Rockefeller, Sr. London: Warner Books, 1998.
  • Droz, R.V. Whatever Happened to Standard Oil?, 2004. Retrieved June 25, 2005.
  • Folsom, Jr., Burton W. John D. Rockefeller and the Oil Industry from The Myth of the Robber Barons. New York: Young America, 2003.
  • Giddens, Paul H. Standard Oil Company (Companies and men). New York: Ayer Co. Publishing, 1976.
  • Henderson, Wayne. Standard Oil: The First 125 Years. New York: Motorbooks International, 1996.
  • Hidy, Ralph W. and Muriel E. Hidy. History of Standard Oil Company (New Jersey : Pioneering in Big Business 1882–1911). New York: Ayer Co. Publishing, 1987.
  • Jones; Eliot. The Trust Problem in the United States 1922. Chapter 5; online edition
  • Klein, Henry H. Dynastic America and Those Who Own It. New York: Kessinger Publishing, [1921] Reprint, 2003.
  • Knowlton, Evelyn H. and George S. Gibb. History of Standard Oil Company: Resurgent Years 1911–1927. New York: Harper & Row, 1956.
  • Larson, Henrietta M., Evelyn H. Knowlton and Charles S. Popple. New Horizons 1927–1950 (History of Standard Oil Company (New Jersey), Volume 3). New York: Harper & Row, 1971.
  • Latham, Earl ed. John D. Rockefeller: Robber Baron or Industrial Statesman?, 1949. Primary and secondary sources.
  • Manns, Leslie D. "Dominance in the Oil Industry: Standard Oil from 1865 to 1911" in David I. Rosenbaum ed, Market Dominance: How Firms Gain, Hold, or Lose it and the Impact on Economic Performance. Praeger, 1998. online edition
  • Montague, Gilbert Holland. The Rise And Progress of the Standard Oil Company. (1902) online edition
  • Montague, Gilbert Holland. "The Rise and Supremacy of the Standard Oil Company," Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol. 16, No. 2 (February, 1902), pp. 265–292 in JSTOR
  • Montague, Gilbert Holland. "The Later History of the Standard Oil Company," Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol. 17, No. 2 (February, 1903), pp. 293–325 in JSTOR
  • Allan Nevins. John D. Rockefeller: The Heroic Age of American Enterprise. 2 vols. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1940.
  • Nevins, Allan. Study In Power: John D. Rockefeller, Industrialist and Philanthropist. 2 vols. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1953.
  • Nowell, Gregory P. (1994). Mercantile States and the World Oil Cartel, 1900–1939.. Cornell University Press 
  • Standard Oil Company of California. Whatever happened to Standard Oil?, 1980. Retrieved June 25, 2005.
  • Tarbell, Ida M. The History of the Standard Oil Company, 1904. The famous original expose in McClure's Magazine of Standard Oil.
  • Wall, Bennett H. Growth in a Changing Environment: A History of Standard Oil Company (New Jersey), Exxon Corporation, 1950–1975. New York: Harpercollins, 1989.
  • Williamson, Harold F. and Arnold R. Daum. The American Petroleum Industry: The Age of Illumination, 1859–1899, 1959: vol 2, American Petroleum Industry: the Age of Energy 1899–1959, 1964. The standard history of the oil industry. online edition of vol 1
  • Daniel Yergin. The Prize: The Epic Quest for Oil, Money, and Power. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1991.

Note[modificare | modificare sursă]

  1. ^ Exxon Mobil - Our history”. Exxon Mobil Corporation. http://www.exxonmobil.com/Corporate/history/about_who_history.aspx. Accesat la 3 februarie 2009. 
  2. ^ See generally Standard Oil Co. of New Jersey v. United States, 221 U.S. 1 (1911).

Legături externe[modificare | modificare sursă]

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