Provincia New Hampshire
Provincia New Hampshire, conform originalului, [The] Province of New Hampshire, a fost o colonie a coroanei britanice creată la 7 octombrie 1691, în timpul perioadei de colonizare a celor două Americi de către britanici. Actul de constituire al provinciei (în original, charter) a fost promulgat la 14 mai 1692 de către co-monarhii William şi Mary ai Regatului Angliei și al Regatului Scoției, la aceeași dată a creerii Provinciei Golfului Massachusetts. Ambele provincii fuseseră în trecut părți ale unei singure colonii britanice în America de Nord, Colonia Golfului Massachusetts.
Provincia nu a avut propriul său guvernator colonial până în 1741, când Benning Wentworth a fost numit în funcție. Multe din teritoriile cunoscute sub numele colectiv de New Hampshire Grants au devenit ulterior Republica Vermont, respectiv statul american Vermont.
Înaintea colonizării [modificare]
Prior to British colonization, the area which became the province was populated by bands of the Abenaki, who lived in sometimes large villages of longhouses. Depending on the season they would either remain near their villages to fish, gather plants, engage in sugaring, and trade or fight with their neighbors, or head to nearby fowling and hunting grounds; later they also farmed tobacco and the "three sisters": corn, beans, and squash.
Coloniile britanice timpurii [modificare]
Prior to 1691, the "New Hampshire Colony" was the product of several English land grants dating from 1623 to 1680. For much of its colonial history it was controlled by the Massachusetts Bay Colony based in Boston.
Other settlements followed: Little Harbor, Dover, Portsmouth and Exeter. David Thomson, Edward Hilton, and Thomas Hilton were sent by John Mason, who wished to send settlers to create a fishing colony. They established the cities of Dover and Little Harbor. The settlement at Exeter was founded in 1638 by John Wheelwright, a disciple of Anne Hutchinson. These towns agreed to unite in 1639 and in 1641 agreed to join the Massachusetts Colony.
On January 1, 1680, New Hampshire was separated from the Massachusetts Colony, becoming a colony with a separate government. It was reunited with Massachusetts in 1688, and separated out one last time in 1691, at which point it became the Province of New Hampshire.
General references: Format:Morefootnotes
- Belknap, Jeremy. The History of New Hampshire (1791-1792) 3 vol classic history
- Daniell, Jere. Colonial New Hampshire: A History (1982)
- Morison, Elizabeth Forbes and Elting E. Morison. New Hampshire: A Bicentennial History (1976)
- Squires, J. Duane. The Granite State of the United States: A History of New Hampshire from 1623 to the Present (1956)