Neon Genesis Evangelion

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Neon Genesis Evangelion
新世紀エヴァンゲリオン
(Shin Seiki Evangelion)
Vârstă țintă Shōnen, Seinen
Gen Mecha, Apocaliptic/Post-apocaliptic, Dramă
Anime
Regizor Hideaki Anno
Studio Gainax
Tatsunoko Productions
Production I.G
MOVIC
Star Child
Deținator licență ADV Films (seria TV)
Manga Entertainment (filme)
Difuzat inițial pe Japonia TV Tokyo, Animax
Difuzat prima data între 4 octombrie, 199527 martie, 1996
Nr episoade 26
Manga
Autor Yoshiyuki Sadamoto
Editura Kadokawa Shoten
Publicat în Shōnen Ace
Publicat între Februarie 1995 – continuă
Nr. de volume 11
Filme

Neon Genesis Evangelion (新世紀エヴァンゲリオン Shin Seiki Evangerion?), cunoscut ca NGE, Eva, sau Evangelion, este un succes comercial,[1] recunoscut de critici,[2] și un popular anime japonez, care a început în Octombrie 1995; seria a lansat cunoscuta franciză Neon Genesis Evangelion. Este considerat unul din cele mai importante și influente serii anime al tuturor timpurilor.[3] Seria anime a fost creat de Gainax, scrisă și regizată de Hideaki Anno, și co-produsă de TV Tokyo și Nihon Ad Systems (NAS).

Evangelion este o serie mecha apocaliptică de acțiune care are în prin plan eforturile organizației paramilitare Nerv de a lupta împotriva unor ființe cunoscute drept Îngeri, folosind mecha gigantice denumite Evangelions care sunt pilotate de un grup select de adolescenți, printre care și protagonistul protagonist seriei.

Evenimente din serie fac referire la simbologie Judeo-Creștină din Geneză și alte lucrări Biblice.[4] Episoadele de mai târziu trec la psihoanaliza personajelor principale, care suferă de diferite probleme emoționale și boli mintale;[5][6] natura existenței și realitatea fiind discutate într-un mod face ca Evangelion să fie caracterizat drept o "fantezie postmodernistă".[7] Hideaki Anno, regizorul seriei anime, a suferit de depresie clinică înainte de a crea seria, iar aspectele psihologice ale serialului se bazează pe experiențele personale are regizorului în a învinge boala.[8]

Referințe[modificare | modificare sursă]

  1. ^ Evangelion a încasat peste 150 miliarde de yeni, sau aproximativ 1.2 miliarde USD. Într-o discutie la Tekkoshocon 2006, Matt Greenfield a afirmat ca Evangelion a încasat 2 miliarde USD; Takeda 2002 repeta ca "It sold record numbers of laserdiscs in Japan, and the DVD is still selling well today." (pg 166).
  2. ^ "Considered by many scholars to be an anime masterpiece, the series is credited by some critics with singlehandedly reviving the genre from what they saw as its creative doldrums in the early 1990s (Azuma 4). While I would not go quite so far, it is certainly true that Evangelion is one of the most important and groundbreaking anime series ever created." pg 424 of Napier 2002; see also "Not exactly the kind of words you'd expect from director Hideaki Anno about his 1995 production 'Neon Genesis Evangelion'. Taking him by surprise, it's been hailed by critics in Japan (and later in America and Europe) as the landmark Japanese animated TV series of the 90's. The modestly budgeted production has also become a commercial success, grossing over 800 million dollars in video sales and 400 million in merchandise in Japan alone." Wong 1996
  3. ^ 文化庁メディア芸術祭10周年企画アンケート日本のメディア芸術100選 結果発表” (în Japoneză). Plaza.bunka.go.jp. http://plaza.bunka.go.jp/hundred/bumon_anime.html. Accesat la 1 septembrie 2008. 
  4. ^ "Constructing a mythic universe that is almost Blakean both in its complex and mythic vision and in its dizzying array of Christian and Judaic religious symbols, the series questions the construction of human identity, not only in relation to the technology that the series' plot and imagery insistently privilege, but also in relation to the nature of reality itself." pg 424 of Napier 2002
  5. ^ Azuma 4
  6. ^ "I didn't have any interest in studying human psychology in the past. I only took a course about it in University, but I suppose I always had something in my mind to analyse human psyche. I thought I wasn't interested in humans very much, but then when I started talking about myself, I needed words to explain. So I started reading books on psychology. From Episode #16, Evangelion'S story went into the direction to ask just what the human mind is all about inside. I wrote about myself. My friend lent me a book on human psychological illness and this gave me a shock, as if I finally found what I needed to say." Anno, Protoculture Addicts 43.
  7. ^ "The narratives, the characters, and the mise en scene of these works evoke the disturbing postmodern fantasy … Sconce suggests that, "where there were once whole human subjects, there are now only fragmented and decentered subjectivities, metaphors of 'simulation and 'schizophrenia'" and he finds that, "in postmodernism's fascination with the evacuation of the reference and an ungrounded play of signification and surface, we can see another vision of beings who, like ghosts and psychotics, are no longer anchored in reality instead wander through a hallucinatory world where the material real is forever lost"". (Sconce quote from Jeffrey Sconce's Haunted Media). pg 419 of Napier 2002
  8. ^ Sadamoto, Yoshiyuki (Decembrie 1998) [[[1995]]]. „What were we trying to make here?”. Neon Genesis Evangelion, Vol. 1. Essay by Hideaki Anno; trandus de Mari Morimoto, adaptare în Engleză de Fred Burke. San Francisco: VIZ Media LLC. pp. 170–171. ISBN 1-56931-294-X