Listă de sigle internaționale pentru mașini

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Exemplu a unui cod de înmatriculare. Sticker oval cu fundal alb și text negru (fosta Germania de Est)

Codul sau sigla internațională pentru mașini reprezintă literele înscrise lângă numărul de înmatriculare propriu-zis.

Alocarea codurilor din 2 sau 3 litere este atribuită unui departament special al Națiunilor Unite.

Current codes[modificare | modificare sursă]

Note: an asterisk (*) indicates that this code is unofficial (does not appear in the UN list of distinguishing codes).

Code Country From Before Notes
A Austria Austria 1910
AFG Afganistan Afganistan 1971
AG* Antigua şi Barbuda Antigua și Barbuda
AL Albania Albania 1934
AM Armenia Armenia 1992 SU În trecut a facut parte din Uniunea Sovietică
AND Andorra Andorra 1957
ANG* Angola Angola 1975 PAN: 1932–1957, P: 1957–1975 În trecut a fost teritoriu al Portugaliei
ARK* Antarctica
AUA*, ARU* Aruba Aruba NA Inițial a facut parte din Antilele olandeze
AUS Australia Australia 1954
AX* Insulele Åland Insulele Åland 2002 SF Teritoriul Finlandei. FIN este codul oficial.
AXA* Anguilla Anguilla
AZ Azerbaidjan Azerbaidjan 1993 SU În trecut parte din Uniunea Sovietică
B Belgia Belgia 1910
BD Bangladesh Bangladesh 1978 PAK Cândva parte din Pakistanul de Est
BDS Barbados Barbados 1956
BF Burkina Faso Burkina Faso 1990 RHV / HV until August 2003, 1984; (République (de)) Haute Volta (Upper Volta)
BG Bulgaria Bulgaria 1910
BH Belize Belize 1938 former British Honduras. Uses BZ unofficially since 1980, although still officially registered as BH as of 2007.
BHT* Bhutan Bhutan
BIH Bosnia şi Herţegovina Bosnia și Herțegovina 1993 YU Bosna i Hercegovina
BOL Bolivia Bolivia 1967
BR Brazilia Brazilia 1930
BRN Bahrain Bahrain 1954
BRU Brunei Brunei 1956
BS Bahamas Bahamas 1950
BUR Myanmar Myanmar 1956 BA Also known as Burma.
BVI Insulele Virgine Britanice Insulele Virgine Britanice
BW Botswana Botswana 2003 BP unofficially for Botswana. Officially RB for Republic of Botswana. Formerly Bechuanaland Protectorate
BY Belarus Belarus 1992 (2004) SU Byelorussia; formerly part of the Soviet Union. The UN was officially notified of the change from SU to BY only in 2004.[1]
BZ* Belize Belize 1980 former British Honduras. Still officially registered as BH (as of 2007).
C Cuba Cuba 1930
CAM Camerun Camerun 1952 F & WAN Formerly a territory of France
CDN Canada Canada 1956 CA Canadian Dominion
CH Elveţia Elveția 1911 Confœderatio Helvetica (Latin)
CI Coasta de Fildeş Coasta de Fildeș (Ivory Coast) 1961 F Formerly a territory of France
CL  Sri Lanka 1961 Formerly Ceylon
CN* uChina China
CO Columbia Columbia 1952
COM* Comore Comore F Formerly a territory of France
CR Costa Rica Costa Rica 1956
CV* Capul Verde Capul Verde 1975 P Formerly a territory of Portugal
CY Cipru Cipru 1932
CYM* Ţara Galilor Țara Galilor Part of the United Kingdom, CYM from Cymru (Wales)
CZ Republica Cehă Cehia 1993 CS Formerly Československo (Czechoslovakia)
D Germania Germania 1910 Deutschland (German); also used until 1974 by Republica Democrată Germană Republica Democrată Germană , which then used DDR until German reunification in 1990
DJI* Djibouti Djibouti F Formerly a territory of France
DK Danemarca Danemarca 1914
DOM Republica Dominicană Republica Dominicană 1952
DY Benin Benin 1910 Part of AOF (Afrique occidentale française) − 1960 Dahomey (name until 1975)
DZ Algeria Algeria 1962 F − 1911 Dzayer (Algerian Arabic); Formerly part of France
E Spania Spania 1910 España (Spanish)
EAK Kenya Kenya 1938 East Africa Kenya
EAT Tanzania Tanzania 1938 EAT & EAZ East Africa Tanzania; formerly East Africa Tanganyika and East Africa Zanzibar
EAU Uganda Uganda 1938 East Africa Uganda
EAZ  Zanzibar East Africa Zanzibar
HC Ecuador Ecuador 1962
ENG* Anglia Anglia Part of the United Kingdom
ER Eritreea Eritreea Format:ItaliaAOI 1890 - 1936, Regatul Unit Regatul Unit 1936 - 1964 Etiopia Etiopia 1964–1993 Eritreea Eritreea 1993–Present Format:ItaliaItalian, Regatul Unit Regatul Unit BritishEtiopia Etiopia EthiopianEritreea Eritreea Eritrean Africa Orientale Italiana (Italian), Ethiopia, United kingdom, Eritrea
ES El Salvador El Salvador 1978
EST Estonia Estonia 1993 EW 1919–1940 & 1991–1993; SU 1940–1991 Eesti Vabariik (Estonian); Formerly part of the Soviet Union
ET Egipt Egipt 1927
ETH Etiopia Etiopia Format:Italia1936-1941 Regatul Unit Regatul Unit1941-1964,Etiopia Etiopia 1964–Present Africa Orientale Italiana (Italian), Ethiopia Africa Orientale Italiana (Italian)
F Franţa Franța 1910
FIN Finlanda Finlanda 1993 SF Suomi Finland (Finnish/Swedish)
FJI  Fiji 1971
FL Liechtenstein Liechtenstein 1923 Fürstentum Liechtenstein (German)
FO Insulele Feroe Insulele Feroe 1996 Sometimes FØ or Fø
FRL*  Friesland unofficial; usually with the Frisian flag printed in the oval shape, behind the letters
FSM* Statele Federate ale Microneziei Statele Federate ale Microneziei
G Gabon Gabon 1974 ALEF − 1960 Afrique Équatoriale Française
GB Regatul Unit Regatul Unit (of Great Britain and Northern Ireland) 1910 Before 1922 it was used for the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
GBA  Alderney 1924 Great Britain – Alderney
GBG Flag of Guernsey.svg Guernsey 1924 Great Britain – Guernsey
GBJ Insula Jersey Insula Jersey 1924 Great Britain – Jersey
GBM Insula Man Insula Man 1932 Great Britain – Isle of Man
GBZ Gibraltar Gibraltar 1924 Great Britain – Gibraltar [Z was assigned because G was already used for Guernsey]
GCA Guatemala Guatemala 1956 Guatemala, Central America
GE Georgia Georgia 1992 SU Formerly part of the Soviet Union
GH Ghana Ghana 1959 WAC − 1957 West Africa Gold Coast − 1957
GQ* Guineea Ecuatorială Guineea Ecuatorială E Formerly a territory of Spain – Spanish Guinea − 1968
GR Grecia Grecia 1913
GUY Guyana Guyana 1972 BRG Formerly British Guiana − 1966
GW*, RGB* Guineea-Bissau Guineea-Bissau 1974 P Portuguese Guinea – 1974. República da Guiné-Bissau
H Ungaria Ungaria 1910
HK* Hong Kong Hong Kong 1932
HKJ Iordania Iordania JOR Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
HN* Rusia Honduras
HR border Croaţia Croația 1992 SHS 1919–29, Y 1929–53, YU 1953–92 Hrvatska (Croatian). Formerly part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (Kraljevina Srba, Hrvata i Slovenaca – Croatian), then part of Yugoslavia.

In the period immediately following Croatia's declaration of independence from Yugoslavia in 1991, it was common to see unofficial oval stickers with the letters "CRO" sold across Croatia. Despite the initial anticipation that Croatia's international vehicle registration code would be "CRO", Croatia officially opted for the 2-letter "HR" (Hrvatska) code instead.

I Italia Italia 1919
IL Israel Israel 1952
IND India India 1947
IR Iran Iran 1936
IRL Irlanda Irlanda 1962 GB − 1910, SE − 1924, EIR − 1938 Formerly Great Britain, Saorstát Éireann, Éire. Currently there is a campaign underway by Irish Language activists to have the name of the country in the native language represented by changing the code back to EIR or ÉIR. This is unnecessary, as Statutory Instrument No. 269 of 1961 provides: " ... the letters EIR are used to indicate the name of the State but the letters IRL may be substituted therefor."
IRQ Irak Irak 1930
IS Islanda Islanda 1936 Ísland (Icelandic)
J Japonia Japonia 1964
JA Jamaica Jamaica 1932
K Cambodgia Cambodgia 1956 F − 1949 Known as Kampuchea 1976–89. Formerly a territory of France.
KAN* Sfântul Kitts şi Nevis Sfântul Kitts și Nevis
KIR* Kiribati Kiribati
KN* Groenlanda Groenlanda GRO Kalaallit Nunaat
KP* Format:DPRK
KS Kârgâzstan Kârgâzstan 1992 SU − 1991 Formerly part of the Soviet Union
KSA Arabia Saudită Arabia Saudită 1973 SA
KWT Kuwait Kuwait 1954
KZ Kazahstan Kazahstan 1992 SU − 1991 Formerly part of the Soviet Union
L Luxemburg Luxemburg 1911
LAO Laos Laos 1959 F – 1949 Formerly a territory of France (French Indochina)
LAR Libia Libia 1972 I − 1949, LT Libyan Arab Republic; Formerly a territory of Italia
LB Liberia Liberia 1967
LS Lesotho Lesotho 1967 BL Basutoland − 1966
LT Lituania Lituania 1992 SU 1940–1991 Formerly part of the Soviet Union
LV Letonia Letonia 1992 LR 1927–1940, SU 1940–1991 Latvijas Republika (Latvian); Formerly part of the Soviet Union
M Malta Malta 1966 GBY 1924–66
MA Maroc Maroc 1924 Maroc (French)
MAL Malaysia Malaysia 1967 PRK – 1957, FM 1954-7, PTM 1957–67 formerly Perak, then Federated Malay States, then Persekutuan Tanah Melayu (Malay)
MC Monaco Monaco 1910
MD  Republica Moldova 1992 SU − 1991 Formerly part of the Soviet Union
MEX Mexic Mexic 1952
MGL  Mongolia
MH* Insulele Marshall Insulele Marshall
MK Republica Macedonia Republica Macedonia 1992 YU − 1992 Formerly part of Yugoslavia
MNE  Muntenegru 2006 MN – 1913–1919, SHS 1919–29, Y 1929–53, YU 1953–2003, SCG 2003–2006 Formerly part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (Srba, Hrvata i Slovenaca – Serbo-Croatian), then part of Yugoslavia and then Serbia and Montenegro (Srbija i Crna Gora – Serbian)
MO* Macao Macao 1930s? former Portuguese overseas province
MOC Mozambic Mozambic 1975 MOC: 1932–56, P: 1957–75 Formerly part of Portugal. Moçambique (Portuguese)
MS Mauritius Mauritius 1938
MV* Maldive Maldive
MW Malawi Malawi 1965 EA 1932–38, NP – 1938–70, RNY option 1960–65 Formerly the Nyasaland Protectorate
N Norvegia Norvegia 1922
NA Antilele Olandeze Antilele Olandeze 1957
NAM Namibia Namibia 1990 SWA Formerly South West Africa
NAU Nauru Nauru 1968
NC* Noua Caledonie Noua Caledonie
NEP Nepal Nepal 1970
NI* Northern Ireland Part of the United Kingdom
NIC Nicaragua Nicaragua 1952
NL Olanda Olanda 1910
NZ Noua Zeelandă Noua Zeelandă 1958
OM* Oman Oman
P Portugalia Portugalia 1910
PA Panama Panama 1952
PAL* Palau Palau
PE Peru Peru 1937
PK Pakistan Pakistan 1947?
PL Polonia Polonia 1921
PMR*  Transnistria 1990 SU − 1991, MD 1991 Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic – officially part of  Republica Moldova. Formerly part of the Soviet Union.
PNG Papua Noua Guinee Papua Noua Guinee 1978
PR* Puerto Rico Puerto Rico
PS* Format:PSE
PY Paraguay Paraguay 1952
Q Qatar Qatar 1972
RA Argentina Argentina 1927 República Argentina (Spanish)
RB Botswana Botswana 1966 BP Republic of Botswana. Unofficially uses BW. Formerly Bechuanaland Protectorate
RC Republica Chineză Republica Chineză 1932
RCA Republica Centrafricană Republica Centrafricană 1962 République Centrafricaine (French)
RCB Republica Congo Republica Congo 1962 République du Congo Brazzaville (French)
RCH Chile Chile 1930 República de Chile (Spanish)
RG Guineea Guineea 1972 République de Guinée (French)
RH Haiti Haiti 1952 République d'Haïti (French)
RI Indonezia Indonezia 1955 Republik Indonesia (Indonesian)
RIM Mauritania Mauritania 1964 République islamique de Mauritanie (French)
RKS*  Kosovo 2010 SRB; KS 1999–2010; RKS 2010 Serbia claims Kosovo as part of its territory.
RL Liban Liban 1952 République Libanaise (French)
RM Madagascar Madagascar 1962 République de Madagascar (French)
RMM Mali Mali 1962 AOF − 1960 République du Mali (French). Formerly part of French West Africa (Afrique Occidentale Française)
RN Niger Niger 1977 AOF − 1960 République du Niger (French). Formerly part of French West Africa (Afrique Occidentale Française)
RO  România 1981 R
ROK Format:ROK 1971
RP Filipine Filipine 1975 Republic of the Philippines
RSM San Marino San Marino 1932 Repubblica di San Marino (Italian)
RU Burundi Burundi 1962? Belgian territory of Ruanda-Urundi
RUS Rusia Rusia 1992 SU Formerly part of the Soviet Union
RWA Rwanda Rwanda 1964 RU − 1962 Formerly part of Ruanda-Urundi − 1962
S Suedia Suedia 1911
SCO* Scoţia Scoția Part of the United Kingdom
SD Swaziland Swaziland 1935
SGP Singapore Singapore 1952
SK Slovacia Slovacia 1993 CS 1919–39,1945–92, SQ 1939–45 Formerly Československo (Czechoslovakia)
SLE* Sierra Leone Sierra Leone 2002 officially WAL; SLE is only used on local licence plates, written below the national flag
SLO Slovenia Slovenia 1992 SHS 1919–29, Y 1929–53, YU 1953–92 Formerly part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, then part of Yugoslavia
SME Surinam Surinam 1936
SMOM*  Ordinul Suveran al Cavalerilor de Malta
SN Senegal Senegal 1962
SO Somalia Somalia 1974
SOL* Solomon Insulele Solomon
SRB Serbia Serbia 2006 SB – 1919, SHS 1919–29, Y 1929–53, YU 1953–2003, SCG 2003–2006 Formerly part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (Srba, Hrvata i Slovenaca – Serbo-Croatian), then part of Yugoslavia and then Serbia and Montenegro (Srbija i Crna Gora – Serbian)
STP* São Tomé şi Príncipe São Tomé și Príncipe 1975 P Formerly a territory of Portugal
SUD Sudan Sudan 1963
SY Seychelles Seychelles 1938
SYR Siria Siria 1952
T Tailanda Thailanda 1955
TCH, TD Ciad Ciad 1973 Tchad (French)
TG Togo Togo 1973
TJ Tadjikistan Tadjikistan 1992 SU − 1991 Formerly part of the Soviet Union
TL* Timorul de Est Timorul de Est P, RI Formerly a territory of Portugal, then part of Indonesia
TM Turkmenistan Turkmenistan 1992 SU − 1991 Formerly part of the Soviet Union
TN Tunisia Tunisia 1957 F − 1956 Formerly a territory of France
TO* Tonga Tonga
TR Turcia Turcia 1935
TT Trinidad-Tobago Trinidad-Tobago 1964
TUV* Tuvalu Tuvalu
UA Ucraina Ucraina 1992 SU Formerly part of the Soviet Union
UAE Emiratele Arabe Unite Emiratele Arabe Unite
USA Statele Unite ale Americii Statele Unite 1952 Correctly used by U.S.-registered vehicles abroad. Today, U.S.-owned vehicles registered in Europe use the licence plate code of the country in which they are located.
UY Uruguay Uruguay 2012 ROU
UZ Uzbekistan Uzbekistan 1992 SU Formerly part of the Soviet Union
V Vatican Vatican 1931
VN Vietnam Vietnam 1953
VU* Vanuatu Vanuatu
WAG Gambia Gambia 1932 West Africa Gambia
WAL Sierra Leone Sierra Leone 1937 West Africa Sierra Leone; on local licence plates SLE is used
WAN Nigeria Nigeria 1937 West Africa Nigeria
WD Dominica Dominica 1954 Windward Islands Dominica
WG  Grenada 1932 Windward Islands Grenada
WL Sfânta Lucia Sfânta Lucia 1932 Windward Islands Saint Lucia
WS Samoa Samoa 1962 formerly Western Samoa
WSA* Western Sahara 1932 SE − 1976 formerly Sahara Español (Spanish); now mostly occupied by Morocco, with some territory administered by the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
WV Sfântul Vicent şi Grenadine Sfântul Vincențiu și Grenadinele 1932 Windward Islands Saint Vincent
YAR Yemen Yemen North Yemen formerly known as the Yemen Arab Republic
YV Venezuela Venezuela the same code is used for aircraft
Z Zambia Zambia 1964 NR formerly Northern Rhodesia
ZA Africa de Sud Africa de Sud 1936 Zuid-Afrika (from Dutch; in Afrikaans it is Suid-Afrika[2])
ZRE Republica Democrată Congo Republica Democrată Congo 1971? CB, RCL, CGO, ZR Congo Belge (French), République de Congo Léopoldville (French), Congo (Kinshasa), Zaïre
ZW Zimbabwe Zimbabwe 1980 SR, RSR formerly Southern Rhodesia until 1965, Rhodesia unrecognised until 1980

Codes no longer in use[modificare | modificare sursă]

Code Country Until After Notes
ADN Aden 1980 Y From 1938. a.k.a. South Yemen, People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (1967)
BA Myanmar Myanmar 1956 BUR From 1937.
BP Bechuanaland Protectorate 1966 Now Botswana
CS Czechoslovakia 1992 CZ / SK
DA
Flag of the Free City of Danzig.svg
Free City of Danzig (Gdańsk)
1939 D (1939–1945)
PL (since 1945)
Danzig (German for Gdańsk)
DDR German Democratic Republic 1990 D Deutsche Demokratische Republik
EW Estonia 1993 EST Eesti Vabariik (Estonian)
FR Faroe Islands 1996 FO Føroyar (Faroese)
GRO Greenland KN
HV Haute Volta, now Burkina Faso 1984 BF Upper Volta
LR Latvia 1927–1940 SU, LV Latvijas Republika (Latvian)
R Romania 1981 RO
RNY Rhodesia-Nyasaland Fed. 1953–1963 NP, NR, SR Now Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe
ROU Uruguay Uruguay 1979–2012 UY República Oriental del Uruguay (Spanish)
RSR Southern Rhodesia 1965–1979 SR Now Zimbabwe
RT Togo Togo 1973 TG République togolaise (French). Formerly French Togoland − 1960
SA Saarland 1956 D also D between 1935 and 1945; SA is now Saudi Arabia
SB Serbia 1919 SHS Serbia became part of Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
SCG Serbia and Montenegro 2006 MNE, SRB From Serbian name "Srbija i Crna Gora". Now Montenegro, Serbia
SF Finland 1993 FIN SF from "Suomi – Finland" (the names of the country in its official languages, Finnish and Swedish)
SHS Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes 1929 Y Srba, Hrvata i Slovenaca – Serbo-Croatian. Kingdom changed its name to Yugoslavia
SU Soviet Union 1991 EST, LT, LV, BY, MD, UA, TJ, TUR, GE, KZ, UZ, KS, AZ, ARM, RUS
SWA South West Africa 1990 now Namibia
TS Free Territory of Trieste 1947–1954 I, YU, SLO
Y Yugoslavia 1953 YU Yemen started using Y afterwards
YU Yugoslavia 2003 BIH, HR, KS, MK, MNE, SRB, SLO Now Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, and Slovenia
Note1
There are unofficial codes in common use, such as "BZH" for Brittany, "VL" for Flanders, "V" for Vojvodina/Vajdaság and "CD" for "Corps Diplomatique". These often signify places which are not internationally recognised as independent states. See http://www.kingkong.demon.co.uk/where/unoff.htm for a list of some of these.
Note2
Some licence plates indicate from which part of the country they originate. See http://www.kingkong.demon.co.uk/where/where.htm for these origins.

See also[modificare | modificare sursă]

References[modificare | modificare sursă]

External links[modificare | modificare sursă]

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