Listă de comitate din statul Hawaii

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Harta statului Hawaii Hawaii, singurul stat insular al Uniunii - Statele Unite ale Americii Statele Unite ale Americii -

Cele cinci comitate ale statului Hawaii se găsesc pe insulele arhipelagului Hawaii și se bucură de libertate administrativă relativ mai mare decât ale celor aflate pe partea continentală a Statelor Unite.

Comitatele statului Hawaii sunt singurele entități administrative sub-statale ale statului întrucât nu există nici un altfel de organizare locală, așa cum ar fi guverne locale sau consilii orășenești.

Statul Rhode Island are de asemenea cinci comitate, fapt ceea ce face Delaware statul american cu cele mai puține comitate, doar trei. Public education is carried out by the Hawaii State Department of Education (Hawaii does not delegate educational responsibility to local school boards like the other 49 states),[1], so Hawaiian counties collect property taxes and user fees in order to support road maintenance, community activities, parks (including life guards at beach parks), garbage collection, police (the state police force, called the Hawaii Department of Public Safety, is limited in scope), ambulance, and fire suppression services.[2] All the counties were created in 1905 from unorganized territory, seven years after the Territory of Hawaii was created.[2][3] The county of Kalawao is used exclusively as a leper colony, and does not have many of the elected officials the other counties do.[4]

County information[modificare | modificare sursă]

The Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) code, which is used by the United States government to uniquely identify counties, is provided with each entry. The FIPS code for each county links to census data for that county.

Comitat
Cod FIPS
[5]
County seat
[6]
Etymology
Populație
[7]
Zonă
[7]
Hartă
Hawaii County 001 Hilo Island of Hawai'i, with which the county is coterminous; said to be named for Hawaiʻiloa, a legendary Polynesian navigator &&&&&&&&&&185079.&&&&&0185.079 &&&&&&&&&&&&4028.&&&&&04.028 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&10432.&&&&&010.432 km²)
State map highlighting Hawaii County May 10, 1905
Maui County 009 Wailuku Maui Island, the largest of the islands in the county; named for Māui, a demigod from native mythology &&&&&&&&&&154834.&&&&&0154.834 &&&&&&&&&&&&1120.&&&&&01.120 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&&2901.&&&&&02.901 km²)
State map highlighting Maui County July 1, 1905
Kalawao County 005 Kalaupapa[4] The village of Kalawao, which lies within its boundaries. &&&&&&&&&&&&&&90.&&&&&090 &&&&&&&&&&&&&&52.&&&&&052 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&&&135.&&&&&0135 km²)
State map highlighting Kalawao County November 10, 1905
City and County of Honolulu 003 Honolulu "Sheltered bay" or "place of shelter" in Hawaiian language[8] &&&&&&&&&&953207.&&&&&0953.207 &&&&&&&&&&&&&597.&&&&&0597 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&&1546.&&&&&01.546 km²)
State map highlighting City and County of Honolulu April 30, 1907
Kauai County 007 Līhu'e Kauai Island, the largest of the islands in the county; named possibly derived from Kaua'i, the eldest son of Hawaiʻiloa. &&&&&&&&&&&67091.&&&&&067.091 &&&&&&&&&&&&&622.&&&&&0622 sq mi
(&&&&&&&&&&&&1611.&&&&&01.611 km²)
State map highlighting Kauai County July 1, 1905

Referințe[modificare | modificare sursă]

  1. ^ Hawaii State Department of Education. „Hawai'i DOE, About. http://doe.k12.hi.us/about/index.htm. Accesat la 26 aprilie 2007. 
  2. ^ a b Hawaii State: Facts & Figures - Des Osman Realty. http://osman1.com/hi-facts.html. Accesat la 26 aprilie 2007. 
  3. ^ Office of the County Clerk. „Foreword” (PDF). 2000 County Charter of the County of Hawaii. Arhivat din original la 3 iulie 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070703012729/http://www.hawaii-county.com/council/charter2000/item+1-Foreword.pdf. Accesat la 26 aprilie 2007. 
  4. ^ a b Hawaii's 4 (or 5) Counties”. 1 septembrie 1999. http://www.chem.hawaii.edu/uham/counties.html. Accesat la 23 iulie 2007. 
  5. ^ EPA County FIPS Code Listing”. EPA. http://www.epa.gov/enviro/html/codes/hi.html. Accesat la 9 aprilie 2007. 
  6. ^ National Association of Counties. „NACo - Find a county. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/state.cfm&state.cfm&statecode=HI. Accesat la 26 aprilie 2007. 
  7. ^ a b Hawaii QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau”. State & County QuickFacts. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/maps/hawaii_map.html. Accesat la 18 aprilie 2007. 
  8. ^ Honolulu Homes Guide”. 2005. http://www.honoluluhomesguide.com/. Accesat la 23 iulie 2007. 



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