English Defence League

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English Defence League
EDL LOG Aug 2011.jpg
Motto In hoc signo vinces
Fondare 27 iunie 2009
Scop Organizație britanicǎ de tineret, anti-islam, anti-musulmani, anti-imigrație
Sediu Luton, Regatul Unit Regatul Unit
Site web www.englishdefenceleague.org

English Defence League (EDL) este o mișcare britanicǎ de extremă dreaptă[1][2][3][4][5], care se opune la ceea ce este considerat a fi o răspândire a islamismului, legea Sharia și extremismul islamic în Marea Britanie.[6][7][8][9] La multe dintre demonstrațiile lor, membrii EDL s-au ciocnit cu cei de la Unite Against Fascism (UAF).[10][11]

Vezi și[modificare | modificare sursă]

Referințe[modificare | modificare sursă]

  1. ^ Preventing violent extremism: sixth report of session 2009-10. Google. http://books.google.com/books?id=XUdbVsADpfgC&pg=PA94&dq=%22English+Defence+League#v=onepage&q=%22English%20Defence%20League&f=false. Accesat la 17 septembrie 2011 
  2. ^ Allen, Chris (2010). „Fear and Loathing: the Political Discourse in Relation to Muslims and Islam in the British Contemporary Setting” (PDF). Politics and Religion 4: 221–36. http://www.politicsandreligionjournal.com/images/pdf_files/srpski/godina4_broj2/8%20chris%20allen%20vol.iv%20no.2.pdf. Accesat la 8 iunie 2011. 
  3. ^ Garland, Jon (2010). „'No Surrender to the Taliban': Football Hooliganism, Islamophobia and the Rise of the English Defence League” (PDF). Papers from the British Criminology Conference 10: 19–35. http://www.britsoccrim.org/volume10/2010_Garland_Treadwell.pdf. Accesat la 8 iunie 2011. 
  4. ^ English Defence League says Pastor Terry Jones will not speak at rally”. UK: The Telegraph. 14 decembrie 2010. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newstopics/religion/8200443/English-Defence-League-says-Pastor-Terry-Jones-will-not-speak-at-rally.html. Accesat la 17 septembrie 2011. 
  5. ^ Helen Carter (21 octombrie 2010). „Inquiry: Police, anti-fascist protester”. The Guardian (UK). http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2010/oct/21/inquiry-police-anti-fascist-protester. Accesat la 17 septembrie 2011. 
  6. ^ Maryam Namazie (5 iulie 2010). „Sharia, Law, religious courts”. UK: The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/law/2010/jul/05/sharia-law-religious-courts. Accesat la 17 septembrie 2011. 
  7. ^ Bracchi, Paul; Stewart, Tim (13 decembrie 2010). „Special Investigation: English Defence League and the hooligans spreading hate on the High Street”. UK: The Daily Mail. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1338080/Special-Investigation-English-Defence-League-hooligans-spreading-hate-High-Street.html. Accesat la 7 noiembrie 2011. „The aim of the EDL — to counter what it perceives as the Islamification of Britain — is just a cover” 
  8. ^ English Defence League's Bradford march banned by Theresa May”. Metro. http://www.metro.co.uk/news/838670-english-defence-leagues-bradford-march-banned-by-theresa-may. Accesat la 7 noiembrie 2011. „The right-wing campaign group, which claims to be taking a stand against what it sees as the rise of radical Islam in England, had planned to march through the streets of Bradford on August 28th.” 
  9. ^ Violence erupts at far-right march in Birmingham”. Reuters. 5 septembrie 2009. http://uk.reuters.com/article/2009/09/05/uk-britain-protest-arrests-idUKTRE5842L620090905. Accesat la 7 noiembrie 2011. „A little-known nationalist group calling itself the English Defence League met in the town centre to protest against what they see as Islamic militancy in Britain” 
  10. ^ Gunning (2010): p 151-152
  11. ^ Morey, Peter; Yaqin, Amina. (2011). Framing Muslims: Stereotyping and Representation After 9/11. Harvard University Press. p. 215.

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